Arangetram (film)

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Arangetram
Arangetramfilm.jpg
Promotional poster of the film
Directed by K. Balachander
Produced by N. Selvaraj
V. Duraisamy
V. Govindarajan
Written by K. Balachander
Starring
Music by V. Kumar
Cinematography B. S. Lokanath
Edited by N. R. Kittu
Production
  company
Kalakendra Films
Distributed by Kalakendra Films
Release date(s) 2 February 1973
Running time 152 minutes
Country India
Language Tamil

Arangetram is a 1973 Tamil-language family drama film directed by K. Balachander, starring Prameela, Sivakumar, S. V. Subbaiah, Kamal Haasan and M. N. Rajam in prominent roles. The film marked Kamal Haasan's first adult role,[1][2] while, along with Prameela, Jayachitra, Jayasudha, Sashikumar and Achacho Chitra made their debuts in Tamil cinema.[3] V. Kumar composed the music for the film, which was the last Balachander he worked on.

The film told the story of a young woman who is forced to become a prostitute in order to support her conservative, but extremely poor Brahmin family.[4][5][6] It carried hard hitting messages and very bold scenes and was controversial at the time of its release,[7] but became a commercial hit.[8] The film was featured as part of the Tamil Nadu government's information campaign promoting family planning.[9]

Synopsis[edit]

Lalitha is the eldest daughter of a pious and conservative Brahmin family. She has eight siblings and poverty rules reign. She decides to take up the family mantle and goes to work. Due to family needs and ill fate, she ends up as a prostitute but manages to settle all her brothers and sisters. Her family ditches her when they come to know about her dark side. Thangavelu, a man who was once rejected by her marries her. She loses her sanity in the end.[10]

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

T. S. B. K. Moulee in an interview in 2014 told that Balachander, who used to watch Moulee's plays, wanted him to write a comedy track for the film as he liked Moulee's style of writing. Moulee, however, felt that the film did not warrant any separate comedy as it would "dilute its seriousness" and did not work on the film.[11]

Music[edit]

Arangetram's music was composed by V. Kumar. It marks the last collaboration between Kumar and Balachander. Kannadasan had written the lyrics.

Song Singers Duration (mm:ss)
Aaramba Kaalaththil S. P. Balasubramaniam, P. Susheela 3:01
Mappilai Rakasiyam L. R. Easwari, T. V. Rathinam 3:20
Aandavanin Thottathile P. Susheela 3:14
Moothaval Nee K. Swarna, Trichy Loganathan 3:13

Remakes[edit]

Balachander remade this film in Hindi as Aaina with Mumtaz playing the lead supported by Rajesh Khanna and Kamal Hassan.[4] This was Kamal Haasan's debut Hindi film. Later he was launched as a hero with Ek Duuje Ke Liye by K. Balachander.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Artiste with endless dreams". The Hindu. 2001-05-25. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  2. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Kamal, as we know him". Rediff. 2000-11-08. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  3. ^ "Productions ::". Kavithalayaa. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  4. ^ a b "Forbes India Magazine - K. Balachander: The Middle-Class Maestro". Forbesindia.com. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  5. ^ "ESSAY: Women Who Have Jobs And Other Troublesome Pursuits (Part 1)". Film Impressions. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  6. ^ Name (required) (2006-09-10). "Interview: K Balachander | Baradwaj Rangan". Baradwajrangan.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  7. ^ Manushi - Google Books. Books.google.de. 1998-09-22. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  8. ^ "Tamil Brahmins: Lost in Tamil Nadu. by G. Venkatesh". Boloji.com. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  9. ^ Celluloid Deities: The Visual Culture of Cinema and Politics in South India - Preminda Jacob - Google Books. Books.google.de. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  10. ^ Different Bodies: Essays on Disability in Film and Television - Google Books. Books.google.de. 2013-09-20. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  11. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/mouli-and-the-moolah/article6107714.ece?secpage=true&secname=entertainment

External links[edit]