|— Municipality —|
|• Mayor||María José Martínez de la Fuente|
|• Total||189.1 km2 (73.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||494 m (1,621 ft)|
|• Density||290/km2 ( 740/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||28300 and 28312|
Aranjuez (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾaŋˈxweθ]) is a town and municipality lying 48 km south of Madrid in the southern part of the Madrid Region or Community of Madrid. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers, 48 km from Toledo. As of 2009, it had a population of 54,055.
There are several theories about the origin of the name. The most widely accepted one states that it comes from the Basque language, deriving from arantza ("hawthorn" in English). Other theories say that it comes from Latin Ara Jovis or Ara Iovia, which means Jupiter's altar, but currently the pre-Roman name is preferred.
In 1178, the area was acquired by the Order of Santiago. Ferdinand and Isabella, the "Catholic monarchs", converted Aranjuez into a royal site. It was the spring residence of the kings of Spain from the late 19th century.
During the reign of Philip II of Spain, in the second half of the 16th century, the royal palace was constructed, designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera. About 200 years later the city of Aranjuez itself came into being during the reign of Ferdinand VI; previously, only relatives of the monarch had been allowed to live in Aranjuez. In 1808 after the city revolted, Charles IV of Spain was forced to abdicate in favour of his son Ferdinand VII of Spain.
Main sites 
The Royal Palace and the north,near the south bank of the river Tagus (Local spelling Tajo). The Adjacent royal Church of San Antonio stands at the southern end of Plaza San Antonio popularly known as Mariblanca, (possibly because it is a 'sea' of white sand or an allusion to the female statue of the fountain, which is the Venus of sculptor Juan Reyna in 1762). This former a parade ground is lined on the west by the quarters of the officers (Casa de Oficios) and knights (Casa de Caballeros now Juzgardo law court facility) and on the west by the Casa de las Infantas (built by Charles II of Spain for Gabriel y Antonio, now the tourist office) To the north is the cobbled Santiago Rusiñol roundabout which links the Madrid road (M305/A4) with Calle de la Reina and the two grand boulevards av.del Principe and av. de las Infantas as well as the roads along the side of Plaza San Antonio/Mariblanca, the south-bound calle Florida and northbound Antigua Carretera de Andalucía.
Sights in the city include many buildings in addition to the 17th century Royal Palace and church mentioned above:
- House of Trades and Knights
- House of Infantes and Atarfe
- Pleasure craft Museum
- Farmhand's House
- House of Employees (currently Town Hall)
- Alpajes Church
- Saint Pascual's Royal Convent
- Old Saint Charles' Hospital (to be restored)
- Charles III's Royal Theatre (recently restored, inauguration pending)
- Supply Market
- Plaza de Toros and Bullfighting Museum "Una Gran Fiesta"
- Medinaceli Palace
- Governor's House (currently University of High Studies Centre Philip II)
- Mother Queen's old garage, today cultural centre "Isabel de Farnesio"
- Typical 'corralas' (buildings with running balconies around a central courtyard)
- Godoy and Osuna Palaces
- Silvela's Palace (also known as Bavaria's Palace)
- Royal Country Estate of Saint Isidro
Parks and Gardens 
Numerous parks and gardens are open to the public (detailed in )
- Isle Garden - to the north of the palace, bordered by the river (beyond wier) and a broad irrigation canal
- Parterre Garden The formal garden and fountains in front of the palace and to the north of Mariblanca/San Isadro
- Prince's Garden Along the river to the east, bordered by Calle de la Reina
- Isabella II's Garden a small formal garden adjacent to Mariblanca/San Isadro
- Historical thickets and woodlands
- Centre of Interpretation of the Natural Reserve "El Regajal-Mar de Ontígola"
- Tree-lined walks and rides through the former nursery gardens (now agriculture) at Doce Calles (12 ways roundabout on M-305 Northbound to Madrid)
Government and administration 
The city of Aranjuez is governed by a single municipal authority, which, for convenience divides into the several administrative districts which in turn may contain residential estates (urbanizaciones):
- Centro, includes the royal sites, the bullring and the historic town center, with central market and shopping
- Vergel - Olivas,
- Poligon de Las Aves, to the west near the railway station, near Pirelli & Jardin Narvéz
- Nuevo Aranjuez, to the south, on higher ground
- Foso - Moreras associated with Garden City of Agfa, and ambitious, but as yet incomplete project
- Urbanizacion Mirador de Aranjuez A vast, mostly failed (turn of the 20th–21st century) house-building project on a steep southerly slope overlooking the old town.
- La Montaña - new (turn of the 20th–21st century) district of about 5000 homes (Many 'toxic assets' still vacant) about 3 km (2miles) north of the town. It has the district Hospital-Tajo, a 4-star Hotel-Barcelo with spa and 18-hole golf-course, Gran-Casino, La Finca event venue, a vast commercial centre (Plaza) and car-park which was built but never opened, and a business campus Centro Empresial which contains the small-business support unit APME, a substantial supermarket and a few small businesses. Various shops are to be found elswhere about the barrio. The residents Association is known as Associacion de Vecino del Barro de la Montaña or AVBM
- Cortijo de San Isadro, a small residential settlement around a former royal hunting lodge, a volunteer sub-council represents residents interests.
The main pillars of the local economy are hotels and tourism. Aranjuez has always been an attractive city for tourists with its Royal Palace, the gardens, the Tagus river and the landscapes. In 2001 this city was designated as a World Heritage Cultural landscape by UNESCO, and since then, tourism has kept on increasing. Much money was spent in order to beautify Aranjuez and many pubs and restaurants were opened (from 2001 to 2004 their number increased 22%). In 2005 a large casino was opened in the city and in March 2008 the Tagus Hospital was opened.
Aranjuez is located on the fertile plain of the Tagus river, and its soil is suitable for growing wheat and other cereals. There are also horticulture plantations (asparagus and strawberries), both irrigated and unirrigated products, vines and melons, which are also typical of the neighbouring region of Castilla-La Mancha.
The proximity to Madrid and the good communications by road and rail made Aranjuez a suitable location for industry: detergents, mechanical construction, computer and electrical material, photographic materials, pharmaceutical products, paints and varnishes, sugar refineries, and oil mills.
- Lever Brothers (detergents) under threat of closure.
- Indra Sistemas (computer systems).
- Carburos Metálicos (chemicals).
- FYSE Pharmacuticals a division of Ercros Industrial S.A.
- Bosch (electrical components for automobiles).
Aranjuez is served by the Autovía A-4 (Madrid Cordoba). The exit at Km 37 connects to the to M-305 (regular road which leads via La Montaña district and automotive sales zone (3 km north of city) and then directly to the royal palace. The A4 exit at Km52 serves the south of the town, as does the toll road Radial R-4. Six main line bus routes serve the locality via the town bus station e Las Infantas. Taxi's and local bus services (of which there are 4 routes) link this to the railway station.
The municipality provides a public pedal bicycle scheme which is free, although there is a modest registration fee.
There is also a tourist Chiquitren road train which tours the town and the extensive jardin del principe royal garden.
Aranjuez railway station building is richly ornamented in the neomudéjar style. It was built by the then operator Compañía de los Ferrocarriles de Madrid a Zaragoza y Alicante between 1922 and 1927.It is a recently renovated by RENFE, who operate an hourly shuttle service to Madrid and medium distance services to other destinations. The Strawberry train is a special Steam locomotive Heritage railway service provided for summer visitors and tourists.
The river is obstructed and so used only by a local tourist boat and canoeists. There is an annual fun rafting competition run by the pirates of the tajo
An ancient irrigation system for the royal kitchen-gardens and orchards (now farmland) includes channels and a noria waterwheel, recently restored in a leisure area known as Talud Sur (south bank of) de La Montaña de Aranjuez. The old, tree-lined avenues around are maintained provide shady level walkways.
Local media 
Print media 
Radio stations 
- Onda Aranjuez, 107.8 FM.
- Cadena Ser Aranjuez, 89.3 FM.
- Onda Cero Aranjuez, 90.7 FM.
- Radio Fuga, 92.1 FM.
Sports facilities 
- The city has a long tradition of water sports due to its connection with the Tagus river, such as canoeing and rowing. In the Olympic bid of Madrid for the 2012 Olympics, which will be held in London, Aranjuez was the selected site for these sports. In spite of this, there are plans to continue the construction of the necessary sport facilities, which should be finished by 2010.
- Aranjuez has a football team, Real Aranjuez C.F., which plays in the Local Stadium, called "El Deleite".
- Nearby Ocaña has a skydiving and gliding centre at the Aerodrome, and most of the skydivers there base themselves in Aranjuez.
Notable people 
- Francisco de Asís of Bourbon, husband of queen Isabella II of Spain.
- Francisco Agustín Silvela, Minister of Gobernación and Gracia y Justicia. Vice-President of the Congress of Deputies and Magistrate of the Supreme Court.
- Santiago Rusiñol, painter.
- Joaquín Rodrigo, composer.
- Alicia Hermida, Spanish actress.
- Jose Luis Sampedro, writer.
- Juan Luis Mora Palacios, football player.
- Javier García Portillo, football player.
- Iván Sánchez-Rico Soto alias Riki, football player.
- Pato Clavet, tennis player.
- Ángel Parra, judoka.
- Jesús Hernández, hockey player.
- Carlos Suarez, basketball player.
- In summer it is traditional to eat dinner in the picnic areas next to the Tagus river. These places are called gangos, a Spanish word used only in Aranjuez.
- Alfaranjuez In May - includes a Craft Fair with Folk Aranjuez Traditional Music Festival and a used vehicle fair.
- San Isidro Labrador day, May 15, pilgrimage in the nearby hunting lodge of Real Cortijo de San Isidro.
- San Fernando town festival week, around May 30, parades and events.
- 'Early Music Festival Aranjuez, held in about May or June
- Book Fair Aranjuez, in contrast with the Used Book Fair and Sale, held in September.
- Mutiny of Aranjuez re-enactment about first week of September, declared a cultural event of National Tourist Interest, which includes
- a fun-fair (car park, M-305),
- sports events (Delete stadium),
- food and drink stalls (Mariblanca),
- a concert at the Royal Palace,
- a traditional or Sacrificio Goyesque (in the Plaza de Toros),
- a dramatic street re-enactment of the flaming torch attack and capture of Godoy at his Palace, (now Sacrada Familia school in Avenida Principe) with fireworks and costumes inspired by Goya paintings.
- A fun raft-race organized by the pirates of the Tajo social club
- Local horticultural produce, especially strawberries and asparagus. Also (sweet, green) toadskin melons, olive oil and local wine from nearby comarca 'Las Vagas' which includes Villaconejos - Chinchón agricultural areas
- Pheasant, a characteristic gamebird from the area's forests.
Twin cities 
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Aranjuez|
- wikivoyage:Aranjuez Wikimedia tourist guide project (English)
- Official homepage of Aranjuez City Council (Spanish)
- Official Tourist Agency website with comprehensive professional photographs of main attractions (Spanish)