|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The town lies 10 deg. at north in latitude and 70 deg east in longitude and lies 32.31 M above Mean Sea Level. The small river Vellar is going through the outer of the town. The main centre of attraction is a ruined fort. The walls are not constructed of brick or stone. Large interstices are filled with mud. There are no ruins of palaces or any other striking building inside. There is no indication when the fort could have been built. But, a line of Tondaimans who were unconnected with those of Pudukkottai, were in power here in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and it is believed that they constructed it. The temple of Rajendra Chola Varma in the town seems to have been built in the eleventh century.
Aranthangi was ruled by Thondaimans (different from Pudukkottai Thondaimans) in earlier days (Time is exactly unknown ref the book Pudukkottai Maavatta Varalaru).
The town has one sugar factory and a chemical factory in its outskirts. The town has a fish market, a daily market (santhai) and the weekly santhai is held every Tuesday. Sea cuisine is well known here because of the proximity to coastal towns. Aranthangi fish curry is famous locally.........
This town can be reached by bus and trains. There was one runway constructed during the worldwar but now it is demolished. The two main state highways passing through this town namely Thanjavur-Sayalkudi road and Trichy Mimisal Road. There is one Bus Stand which has up-to chennai route. Buses often available for pudukkottai which is nearby Trichy (52 km).
The main source of income is agriculture. Paddy, groundnut and sugarcane are the major crops. Especially paddy income sources from some villages like Mavadikkottai, Melmangalam, Vettivayal, Maivayal, Manavanallor and Nagudi. Fishing also done by the people living in the nearby sea shore namely Kattumavadi, Manamelkudi, Mimisel, Jagathapattinam and Kottaipattinam.
The second largest town in Pudukkottai district after the headquarters. Aranthangi was the most populous locality in the south of the Thanjavur district till it was added to Pudukkottai district in 1974. The main area of the town are Kottai and LakshmiNarasimmaPuram. As of the census of India 2001, Aranthangi had a population of 34,134 comprising 16,834 males and 17,300 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,028. A total of 4,142 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 948. The town had an average literacy of 88.72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 1,804 comprising 6.01% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 246 comprising 0.82% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 7,518 households in the town. As of 2001, Aranthangi had a total of 9,725 main workers: 119 cultivators, 197 agricultural labourers, 234 in house hold industries and 9,175 other workers. There was a total of 427 marginal workers: 8 marginal cultivators, 87 marginal agricultural labourers, 21 marginal workers in household industries and 311 other marginal workers.
The minimum temperature of this town is 27.1 °C and the maximum temperature is 46.4 °C. The seasonal climate conditions are moderate and the weather is uniformly salubrious. The town gets major rainfall during the North east monsoon period. The Annual normal rainfall varies from 300 mm to 800 mm.
Several schools and colleges are located in this town. Half of the pupils get their education from Government and government aided schools. There are also some equipped private schools in and around the town. The town has a private arts and science college. It has a government polytechnic college, which is top ranked among Tamil Nadu's polytechnic colleges. Recently a government arts and college have been opened in this town and is located inside the government polytechnic college campus. Near the around the college of education and arts and science college. The international standard polytechnic situated in this town. Two government Higher Secondary schools both boys and girls separately.
Places of worship
Mavadikkottai Sri kallalakar Ayyanar, MavadikkottaiSr Kamachi Ammaan, Mavadikkottai Sri sithivinayakar temple, kathambara kaaliamman temple Veeramakaliyamman Temple, merpanaikadu sri mazhai mariyamman aalayam, maivayal sri kalahasthi vinayagar aalayam manavanalloor sri muthumariyamman aalayam Konnakkadu sri kamatchi amman temple', Vadakarai Murugan Koil, Perumal Temple, Siva Temple, Iyyappan Temple, Porkodaiyar Temple, Silattur MuthuMariyamman Temple, Madurai Veeran Temple, Vigneshvararpuram - Nalla Kathayiamman -Valmuneeshvarar Temple, Manchakkarai muthumariyamman koil, manchakkarai ayyanar koil, Aranthangi periya pallivasal, Melmangalam Pallivasal, karanikadu tharga, vettivayal Jumaah pallivasal, karuppur, Kottaipattinam Tharga, Nagudi pallivasal, Kurumbur Muthumariamman Temple etc. Veeramakaliyamman temple car festival is held in the month of Aadi every year.
Government hospital is located on the Pattukottai road and many private hospitals are available. Subramania Puram, Nagudi and Arasarkulam has separate govt. hospitals. There are many private hospitals.
Avudaiyarkoil is 15 km from Aranthangi. The Athmanathaswami temple situated here contains graceful life-size sculptures which are of absorbing interest. This is the most ornate temple full of bursting brogue sculptures. It is called Thirupperundurai in inscriptions and intimately associated with Siva saint Manickavasakar. The sacred book Saivism, Thiruvasakam of Manickavasakar originated from this shrine. The God is worshiped formless and no images in the sacnithanam. The utsavamurti of the temple is Manikkavasakar. The mandapams are full breath - taking sculptures, a veritable gallery of sculptures. The car of this temple is renowned for its wood carvings. The temple is noted for zephyr (granite roof) work. The sanctum sanctorum is covered with copper plate and is similar to the Chidambaram Natarajar temple.
- "Primary census abstract 2001". Directorate of Census Operations – Tamil Nadu. 2001. Retrieved 2012-12-29.