Araria district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Araria.
Araria district
अररिया जिला,اریا ضلع
District of Bihar
Location of Araria district in Bihar
Location of Araria district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Purnia
Headquarters Araria
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Araria
 • Assembly seats Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat, Sikti
Area
 • Total 2,830 km2 (1,090 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,806,200
 • Density 990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 53.1 per cent
 • Sex ratio 921
Major highways NH 57
Website Official website

Araria district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Araria town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Araria district is a part of Purnia division. The district occupies an area of 2830 km². It has a view of Mount Kangchenjunga (One of the great peaks of the Himalayan range).

Origin of name[edit]

During the British period, the area where Mr. Forbes's bungalow was located was called "Residential Area", which people abbreviated to R. Area. Over time, R. Area acquired the pronunciation Arariya.

History[edit]

The territory of the present-day district became Araria sub-division of the erstwhile Purnia district in 1964. Araria district was formed in January 1990 as one of the administrative districts of under Purnia Division

Geography[edit]

Araria district occupies an area of 2,830 square kilometres (1,090 sq mi),[1] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Zemlya Georga.[2] The major rivers of this district are Kosi, Suwara, Kali,Parmar and Koli.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Araria one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Agriculture[edit]

Main agricultural produces of this district are paddy, maize and jute.

Sub-Divisions[edit]

Araria district comprises the following Sub-Divisions:

  • Araria and
  • Forbesganj

Araria sub-division comprises 4 blocks: Araria, Bhargama, Siktti and Raniganj. Frobesganj sub-division comprises 5 blocks: kursakanta, Forbesganj, Bhargama,raniganj and Narpatganj. raniganj and bhargama are under the joint jurisdiction of both the sub-divisions. There are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat and Sikti. All of these are part of Araria Lok Sabha constituency.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Araria district has a population of 2,806,200,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[5] or the US state of Utah.[6] This gives it a ranking of 139th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 992 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,570/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30%.[4] Araria has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 55.1%.[4] The population of Araria district has a large concentration of Muslims.[4]

Notable people[edit]

  • Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', novelist and story writer.
  • The chairman of Sahara Group, Subrata Roy was born in the Ashram muhhalla of the town.
  • Parmanand Rishideo, Indian Politician and is the first and only person from the Musahar community to have studied M.A French Literature from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Notable People[edit]

  • 1st DM, Sri Ashok Kumar Chauhan
  • Current DM, Sri Chittaranjan Singh
  • Current SP, Md. Akhtar Hussain
  • Current SDM,Forbesganj, Sri Rakesh Raushan
  • Current SDM, Araria, Dr. Vinod Kumar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  2. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Zemlya Georga 2,821km2 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Utah 2,763,885 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°07′48″N 87°28′12″E / 26.13000°N 87.47000°E / 26.13000; 87.47000