The Fronton at Arbérats
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Sauveur Arnaud Bacho|
|Area1||5.29 km2 (2.04 sq mi)|
|• Density||58/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64034 / 64120|
|Elevation||60–153 m (197–502 ft)
(avg. 126 m or 413 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
Arbérats-Sillègue is located in Mixe Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre, 3 km north-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km south-west of Sauveterre-de-Béarn. The D933 road from Saint-Palais to Osserain-Rivareyte in the north passes through the northern part of the commune. The D134 road passes through the east of the commune from Sussaute in the north continuing south to join the D11 road west of Domezain-Berraute. Access to the village is by country road from the western border passing through the village and going east to join the D134.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour. The Ruisseau de Recaide forms part of the northern border flowing north-west to join the Bidouze. The Ruisseau d'Eyherachar rises north-east of the village and flows west through the commune then south forming part of the western border before joining the Bidouze just south of Aïcirits (Aïcirits-Camou-Suhast).
- Oxarrainia Etchartia
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested two possible origins of the name Arbérats, both from basque: ar(r)-bera (or beratz) meaning ’fragile’ or ’friable'; or, together with the word arbel, meaning a "black stone" (Slate). Brigitte Jobbé-Duval also interpreted Arbérats as place of slate.
For Sillègue Jean-Batiste Orpustan suggested the name was a blend of the Basque word zil(h)o, meaning "hole" or "depression in the terrain" and a second element leku meaning "place".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Sanctus Laurebtius de Arberaz||1160||Orpustan|
|Arbezats||1801||Cassini1||Bulletin des lois|
|Sillègue||Sanctus Petrus de Silegue||1160||Orpustan||Village|
|Sillegue||1793||Cassini2||Bulletin des lois|
|Aitciria||Ayciri de Arberatz||1487||Raymond||
||Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre|
- Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
- Cassini1: Arbérats-Sillègue on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (French)
- Cassini2: Sillègue on the Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (French)
- Duchesne: Duchesne collection volume CXIV
- Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona
- Notaries: Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche
- Regulations: Regulations of the Court of Licharre
The village of Sillègue was merged with Arbérats on 14 April 1841.
Gules, ten escallops Argent arranged in pale 3, 4, and 3.
List of Successive Mayors
|2001||2020||Sauveur Arnaud Bacho|
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to six inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Amikuze;
- the AEP association of Mixe Country;
- the Educational grouping of Arbérats-Sillègue, Arbouet-Sussaute, Aroue, and Etcharry;
- the association for electrification of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
- the Inter-communal association for the functioning of schools in Amikuze;
- the association for the promotion of Basque culture.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413, made on the orders of Charles III of Navarre, compared with that of 1551 "of men and weapons that are in this Kingdom of Navarre below the ports" reveals a demography with strong growth. The first indicated the presence at Arbérats of 7 fires, the second of 26 (24 + 2 secondary fires). The same for Sillègue: the 1412 census reported 5 fires and that of 1551 22 fires (20 + 2 secondary fires).
In 2009 the commune had 307 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Although from 1793 to 1836 Arbérats and Sillègue were separate communes, the total population for both communes is shown in the above table.
Culture and Heritage
The Church of Saint-Laurent (1615) is registered as an historical monument.
The commune has an elementary school
The commune has a festival hall located in the centre of the village. The original building was a school and has been completely renovated.
A pit dating to Roman times has been converted to a leisure park.
- ARBERATZE-ZILHEKOA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- Arbérats-Sillègue on Lion1906
- Arbérats-Sillègue on Google Maps
- Arbérats-Sillègue on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Arberats and Sillegue on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Arbérats-Sillègue on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the papers of Oihenart, former Imperial Librarian - Bibliothèque nationale de France
- Contracts retained by Ohix, Notary of Soule, Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Inter-communality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 22 December 2011 (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, p. 77 (French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 26. The same work by Manex Goyhenetche indicated on p. 284 that it counted an average of 5.5 people per fire.
- Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993 (Spanish)
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau Register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, page 299. (French)
- Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee.
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000683 Church of Saint-Laurent (French)
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