Arbanasi people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Arbanasi (group))
Jump to: navigation, search
"Arbneshë" redirects here. For other uses, see Arbëreshë (disambiguation).
Arbanasi
Tomislav Ivčić nadgrobna ploča Mirogoj lipanj 2008.jpg
Božidar Kalmeta.jpg
Total population
17,513 ( 0.41 % of Croatias population )
Regions with significant populations
Zadar County
Languages
Gheg Albanian dialect, Croatian
Religion
Roman Catholic

Arbanasi (Albanian: Arbëreshët e Zarës, local dialect: Arbneshë), also known as the Arbëreshë of Zara, are a population in Croatia of Albanian origin, who speak a local dialect of Gheg Albanian.[1] Their name means Albanians in Croatian and is the toponymy of the first Arbanasi settlement in the region, which today is a suburb of Zadar.[2]

Distribution[edit]

Part of a series on
Albanians
Albania
Nation
Communities
Balkans
Diaspora
Subgroups
Albanian culture
Albanian language
Dialects
Religion
History

Today, the community is spread across Croatia. Their original settlements were Arbanasi of Zadar and some villages around Zadar, namely Zemunik, Dračevac, Crno, Ploča, etc.[2] The inhabitants of this one time village were known as the Arbanasi (or simply, the "Albanians" in Croatian). The Arbanasi are known to have settled the area during two different periods of migration; the first in 1655 and the second in 1726-33. These settlers were said to be part of the Kastrioti clan, one of the numerous Northern Albanian clans known to have existed.[2]

History[edit]

The origin of this population is thought to be from Shkodra lake region in Northwestern Albania and Southeastern Montenegro. According to scholars they are descendants of immigrants from villages in Bar region of Montenegro primarely and from Briska and Livar. Arbanasi have migrated in two different periods, during the mid-17th and 18th century.[2]

The first group of Arbanasi group of Albanians that migrated to Croatia includes a community that settled near Pula, Istria in 1655.[3] All these groups would be integrated into the social and economic Venetian-Dalmatian, but they preserved their language and their customs, and songs. First, the Albanian community worked to reclaim the marshy areas near the Arbanas, which was originally an island and that in time it was connected to the mainland, and then got to make the land cultivable land in the scheme of 'lease. The Venetian government took charge of construction of many homes and, at first, even meals.[4][5][6]

Since 1901 the Arbanasi was also equipped with an Albanian school and in 1910 James Vuçani promoted and organized the "Italo-Albanian Association".[4][5][6]

According to tradition, the Albanians of Arbanasi came from countries Briska and Sestan. These locations were identified by some with the villages of Shestan, Brisk, and Arbnesh Liar, all located in the hinterland of Bar and Ulqin in Montenegro, but within areas inhabited by Albanians. A demonstration of the fact that the origin of the Albanians of Arbanasi were not located along the coast is that in their language most of the names of the fish comes from the Croatian.

After the Second World War, many Arbanasi emigrated to Italy, following the Yugoslav takeover of Zadar.[4][5][6] In modern times about 4000 Arbanasi remain in Croatia.[3]

Notable Arbanasi[edit]

  • Andrija Aleši (1425–1505) – architect, painter and sculptor
  • Aleksandar Stipčević - is a archeologist, bibliographer, librarian and historian that specialized in the study of Illyrians.
  • Tomislav Ivčić (1953–1993) – Croatian singer
  • Božidar Kalmeta (b. 1958) – Mayor of Zadar 1994–2003 and 2013-present, former Croatian government minister
  • Agron Preteni (b. 1990) – Kickboxer
  • Josip Gjergja (alternatively Đerđa, Djerdja or Giergia; b. 1937), - basketball player.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ One Grammar, Three Lexicons: Ideological Overtones and Underpinnings in the Balkan Sprachbund Victor A. Friedman - University of Chicago in: CLS 33 Papers from the 33rd Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society. 199F
  2. ^ a b c d Povijest Arbanasa kod Zadra By Mijo Čurković Published by Nagr. tiskara E. Vitaliani, 1922
  3. ^ a b Elsie, Robert (2004). Historical dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-8108-4872-6. Retrieved 27 December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Erber, Tullio. The Albanian colony of Arbanas village near Zadar, the history. G. Flori, 1883
  5. ^ a b c Tagliavini, Carlo. Albanians of Dalmatia, contributions to knowledge of the dialect of Arbanasi, near Zadar. Florence: Olschki, 1937
  6. ^ a b c Marussi Beppo, Stazzi Valentina, Ptolemy Rita. Arbanas of Zara of that time. The calamo, 2006