Arbella or Arabella was the flagship of the Winthrop Fleet on which, between April 8 and June 12, 1630, Governor John Winthrop, other members of the Company (including Dr. William Gager) and Puritan emigrants transported themselves and the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Company from England to Salem, thereby giving legal birth to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. John Winthrop is reputed to have given the famous "City upon a Hill" sermon aboard the ship. Also on board was the first European female poet to be published from the New World, Anne Bradstreet and her family.
The ship was at first known as Eagle. Her name was changed in honor of Lady Arabella Johnson, who was a member of Winthrop's company, along with her husband, Isaac Johnson. Lady Arabella was the daughter of Thomas Clinton, 3rd Earl of Lincoln.
- Davida Rubin, Kenneth Garth Huston. Sir Kenelm Digby, F.R.S., 1603-1665: a bibliography ... (1969), p. 2.
- Channing, Edward (1907). A History of the United States, Vol. I, p. 330. New York: The Macmillan Company.
- Society, New England Historic Genealogical (1921). "Leaders in the Winthrop Fleet, 1630". The New England Historical and Genealogical Register 25: 236. Retrieved 2009-05-16.
- Dictionary of American History by James Truslow Adams, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940
- Gager, Edmund R. The Gager Family: The Descendants of Dr. William Gager, of Suffolk County, England, and Charlestown, Mass., through His Only Surviving Son, John Gager, Who Later Settled in Norwich, Connecticut. Baltimore: Gateway, 1985. Print.
- The Winthrop Society is a hereditary organization made up of the descendants those who arrived on the Winthrop Fleet or other Great Migration ships before 1634.
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