Arbent

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Arbent
Town Hall and Fountain
Town Hall and Fountain
Flag of Arbent
Flag
Coat of arms of Arbent
Coat of arms
Arbent is located in France
Arbent
Arbent
Coordinates: 46°17′47″N 5°40′55″E / 46.2964°N 5.6819°E / 46.2964; 5.6819Coordinates: 46°17′47″N 5°40′55″E / 46.2964°N 5.6819°E / 46.2964; 5.6819
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Nantua
Canton Oyonnax-Nord
Intercommunality Haut Bugey
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Liliane Maissiat
Area1 23.49 km2 (9.07 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 3,493
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01014 / 01100
Elevation 435–1,100 m (1,427–3,609 ft)
(avg. 535 m or 1,755 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arbent is a French commune in the department of Ain in the Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbanais or Arbanaises[1]

The commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography[edit]

The commune of Arbent is in the extreme north of the department of Ain at the northern edge of the Upper Bugey. It is in the Jura mountains at the door of the Regional Natural Park of Upper Jura.

Arbent is about 35 km north-east of Bourg-en-Bresse and 2 km north of Oyonnax. It can be accessed from the south-west by Highway A404 which terminates in the commune. It is also accessed by road D31 from Oyonnax in the south which intersects the termination of the A404 and continues to Dortan in the north-west. The D85 road also goes from Oyonnax to the village (which is a northern continuation of the Oyonnax conurbation) and continues west to Viry. The south-west of the commune is an extension of the conurbation of Oyonnax with the rest of the commune being heavily forested mountains.[3]

The Ruisseau de Merdanson rises in the south of the commune and joins with the Ruisseau de Col du Lary flowing north then west through the village then west and north to join the Bienne river.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate type is semi-continental, with cold winters, hot summers and precipitation falling mainly in summer.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Arbent
Blazon:

Or, in chief a gusset couped of argent, in base a caliper with a branch to sinister all in sable debruised by two cutlasses of argent saltirewise with handles gules over all tied in Or.



Communications and transport[edit]

Transport[edit]

The railway from Oyonnax in Arbent

A bus runs regularly in the town. It comes from the neighbouring town of Oyonnax. A railway station previously existed in the town but the proximity of Oyonnax caused disinterest and it closed. Arbent is located on the Andelot-en-Montagne - La Cluse railway line.

Air transport[edit]

Aerial view of Arbent with the aerodrome visible

The commune has an aerodrome shared with the commune of Oyonnax. It can accommodate helicopters and business aircraft but is mostly used by the Jean Coutty Aeroclub[4] for leisure and pilot training. An air show is held every year.

Urban planning[edit]

Urban morphology[edit]

The commune of Arbent is divided into two areas. The first part is on the edge of the Jura department to the north. It is the location of the town hall. Two kilometres to the south is Marchon which is attached to the commune of Oyonnax.

Housing[edit]

The total number of dwellings in the town of 1182.[5] Among these units, 96.4% are primary residences, 1.2% are second homes, and 2.5% are vacant housing. These lodging units are 60.1% of detached houses, 37.6% apartments, and only 2.3% are other types of housing. The proportion of people in their own home is 57.1%.[5] This is higher than the national average which is 55.3%. As a result, the proportion of tenants is 39.5% of all housing which is inversely lower than the national average of 39.8%.[5] It may also be noted that 3.4% of the population of the commune are people with free accommodation while at the level of the whole of France the average percentage is 4.9%. Of all the commune housing units: 1.3% are studio size, 9.7% are two bedroom accommodations, 19% have three bedrooms, 30.2% of homes have four bedrooms and 39.9% of homes have five or more bedrooms.[5]

Administration[edit]

Arbent Community Hall

The municipal council of the commune is composed of 27 councillors. The executive consists of the mayor, Liliane Maissiat, and seven assistants, each with defined tasks. The First Assistant is responsible for financial and administrative affairs, employment, and economic forecasting. Thee is an assistant for education, for work related technical services. for communications, for public relations, for entertainment and cultural life, for urban planning, land use, environment and forest, for social affairs and housing, and finally for sports associations and life. Nineteen other councillors attend the municipal council.

List of mayors of Arbent[6]

From To Name Party Position
1993 2001 André Minery
2001 2020 Liliane Maissiat UMP

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

The commune has developed twinning in order to promote school exchanges, sporting, cultural, and social relations between Communes.

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 3,476 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
696 801 842 941 1,048 1,023 971 1,025 1,025
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
932 947 852 885 870 752 852 775 750
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
791 850 822 792 919 961 829 794 864
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
1,035 1,255 1,400 2,766 3,369 3,610 3,464 3,443 3,433
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
3,493 3,476 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arbent

Economy[edit]

Income and taxation[edit]

According to the INSEE survey in 1999,[7] the average household income is EUR 22,015 per year, while the national average is 15,027 euros per year. There is no liability for the solidarity tax on wealth (ISF) in Nantua.

Employment[edit]

The population of Arbent is divided into 48.2% working, which is higher than the national average of 45.2%, and 10.5% retired, a figure lower than the 18.2% national average. There are also 30.5% of the population of young people in school and 10.8% of other people without work.

The working rate for the population 20 to 59 years old is 85% with a rate of unemployment of 9% in 1999 - well below the national average of 12.9% unemployed.

Distribution of employment by industry

  Agricultural Trades, Shopkeepers, Company Managers Intellectuals and Professionals Intermediate Professions Employees Workers
Arbent 0% 7.2% 7.4% 18.3% 16.3% 50.8%
National Average 2.4% 6.4% 12.1% 22.1% 29.9% 27.1%
Source of data: INSEE[7]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Monument to the Maquis

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments or historical objects:

  • A Travellers Halt (1889)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A Railway Bridge and 2 Tunnels at Rue du Point B (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Railway Bridge in Montagre (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Railway Crossing (No. 84) at Prés de Voye (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Vaulted Aqueduct (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Railway cutting Retaining Wall at Prés de Voye (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • A Railway Bridge at Prés de Voye (1886)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Mechanical Disc Signal at Marais Sud (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Railway Telephone at Prés de Voye (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
Other sites of interest

Other points of interest in Arbent include historical buildings, a sports complex, and walks in the surrounding woods.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Laurent (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[17] It contains a Lectern (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[18]

Photo Gallery[edit]

  • The Chapel Saint-Oyen

Facilities[edit]

Education[edit]

The Jean-Rostand College at Marchon is classified as a successful ambition.

Media[edit]

The newspaper Le Progrès publishes a local edition for the communes of Upper Bugey. It appears from Monday to Sunday and discusses various news, sporting, and cultural events at the local, national, and international levels.

The newspaper La Voix de l'Ain is a weekly publication offering local information for different regions of the department of Ain.

France 3 Rhône Alpes Auvergne is available in the region.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Louis Aleman, French cardinal of the 15th century
  • General Andrea, military man and French writer of the 20th century, author of The Druze revolt and the insurrection in Damascus, Payot, 1937

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ain (French)
  2. ^ Arbent in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ a b Google Maps
  4. ^ Arbent Aerodrome website
  5. ^ a b c d INSEE data compiled by Linternaute: Lodgings in Arbent (French)
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  7. ^ a b Demographic data from INSEE compiled by linternaute (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000434 Travellers Halt (French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000434 Railway Bridge and 2 Tunnels at Rue du Point B (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000432 Railway Bridge in Montagre (French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000431 Railway Crossing at Prés de Voye (French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000430 Vaulted Aqueduct (French)Camera aabb.svg
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000429 Retaining Wall at Prés de Voye (French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA01000428 Railway Bridge at Prés de Voye (French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM01000938 Mechanical Disc Signal at Marais Sud (French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM01000942 Railway Telephone at Prés de Voye (French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00116293 Church of Saint Laurent (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM01000025 Lectern (French)