Town Hall and Fountain
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Liliane Maissiat|
|• Land1||23.49 km2 (9.07 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||150/km2 (390/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||01014 / 01100|
|Elevation||435–1,100 m (1,427–3,609 ft)
(avg. 535 m or 1,755 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbanais or Arbanaises
- 1 Geography
- 2 Communications and transport
- 3 Urban Planning
- 4 Municipal Administration
- 5 Administration
- 6 Population and Society
- 7 Economy
- 8 Sites and Monuments
- 9 Notable People linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 Notes and references
The commune of Arbent is located in the extreme north of the department of Ain at the northern edge of the Upper Bugey. It is located in the Jura mountains at the door of the Regional Natural Park of Upper Jura.
Arbent is about 35 km north-east of Bourg-en-Bresse and 2 km north of Oyonnax. It can be accessed from the south-west by Highway A404 which terminates in the commune. It is also accessed by road D31 from Oyonnax in the south which intersects the termination of the A404 and continues to Dortan in the north-west. The D85 road also goes from Oyonnax to the village (which is a northern continuation of the Oyonnax conurbation) and continues west to Viry. The south-west of the commune is an extension of the conurbation of Oyonnax with the rest of the commune being heavily forested mountains.
The Ruisseau de Merdanson rises in the south of the commune and joins with the Ruisseau de Col du Lary flowing north then west through the village then west and north to join the Bienne river.
The climate type is semi-continental, with cold winters, hot summers and precipitation falling mainly in summer.
Communications and transport
A bus runs regularly in the town. It comes from the neighbouring town of Oyonnax. A railway station previously existed in the town but the proximity of Oyonnax caused disinterest and it closed. Arbent is located on the Andelot-en-Montagne - La Cluse railway line.
The commune has an aerodrome shared with the commune of Oyonnax. It can accommodate helicopters and business aircraft but is mostly used by the Jean Coutty Aeroclub for leisure and pilot training. An air show is held every year.
The commune of Arbent is divided into two areas. The first part is on the edge of the Jura department to the north. It is the location of the town hall. Two kilometres to the south is Marchon which is attached to the commune of Oyonnax.
The total number of dwellings in the town of 1182. Among these units, 96.4% are primary residences, 1.2% are second homes, and 2.5% are vacant housing. These lodging units are 60.1% of detached houses, 37.6% apartments, and only 2.3% are other types of housing. The proportion of people in their own home is 57.1%. This is higher than the national average which is 55.3%. As a result, the proportion of tenants is 39.5% of all housing which is inversely lower than the national average of 39.8%. It may also be noted that 3.4% of the population of the commune are people with free accommodation while at the level of the whole of France the average percentage is 4.9%. Of all the commune housing units: 1.3% are studio size, 9.7% are two bedroom accommodations, 19% have three bedrooms, 30.2% of homes have four bedrooms and 39.9% of homes have five or more bedrooms.
The municipal council of the commune is composed of 27 councillors. The executive consists of the mayor, Liliane Maissiat, and seven assistants, each with defined tasks. The First Assistant is responsible for financial and administrative affairs, employment, and economic forecasting. Thee is an assistant for education, for work related technical services. for communications, for public relations, for entertainment and cultural life, for urban planning, land use, environment and forest, for social affairs and housing, and finally for sports associations and life. Nineteen other councillors attend the municipal council.
List of Successive Mayors of Arbent
(Not all data is known)
The commune has developed twinning in order to promote school exchanges, sporting, cultural, and social relations between Communes.
- Plouhinec, Finistère (France) since 28 May 2005.
Population and Society
In 2010, the commune had 3,476 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]
The Jean-Rostand College at Marchon is classified as a successful ambition.
The newspaper Le Progrès publishes a local edition for the communes of Upper Bugey. It appears from Monday to Sunday and discusses various news, sporting, and cultural events at the local, national, and international levels.
The newspaper La Voix de l'Ain is a weekly publication offering local information for different regions of the department of Ain.
France 3 Rhône Alpes Auvergne is available in the region.
Income and taxation
According to the INSEE survey in 1999, the average household income is EUR 22,015 per year, while the national average is 15,027 euros per year. There is no liability for the solidarity tax on wealth (ISF) in Nantua.
The population of Arbent is divided into 48.2% working, which is higher than the national average of 45.2%, and 10.5% retired, a figure lower than the 18.2% national average. There are also 30.5% of the population of young people in school and 10.8% of other people without work.
The working rate for the population 20 to 59 years old is 85% with a rate of unemployment of 9% in 1999 - well below the national average of 12.9% unemployed.
Distribution of employment by industry
|Agricultural||Trades, Shopkeepers, Company Managers||Intellectuals and Professionals||Intermediate Professions||Employees||Workers|
|Source of data: INSEE|
Sites and Monuments
- The Church of Saint Lawrence of Arbent been inscribed as a historical monument since 7 June 1988
Points of interest in Arbent include historical buildings, a sports complex, and walks in the surrounding woods.
Old Lavoir at Marchon
- The Chapel Saint-Oyen
- Louis Aleman, French Cardinal of the 15th century
- General Andrea, military man and French writer of the 20th century, author of The Druze revolt and the insurrection in Damascus, Payot, 1937
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Inhabitants of Ain (French)
- Google Maps
- Arbent Aerodrome website
- INSEE data compiled by Linternaute: Lodgings in Arbent (French)
- List of mayors of Ain as at 16 April 2008 on the website of the prefecture of Ain (French)
- Demographic data from INSEE compiled by linternaute (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00116293 Church of Saint Lawrence (French)
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