Arbus, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arbus
Arbus Village
Arbus Village
Arbus is located in France
Arbus
Arbus
Coordinates: 43°20′03″N 0°30′17″W / 43.3342°N 0.5047°W / 43.3342; -0.5047Coordinates: 43°20′03″N 0°30′17″W / 43.3342°N 0.5047°W / 43.3342; -0.5047
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lescar
Intercommunality Miey de Béarn
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Didier Larrieu
Area1 13.89 km2 (5.36 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 1,098
 • Density 79/km2 (200/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64037 / 64230
Elevation 125–284 m (410–932 ft)
(avg. 144 m or 472 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arbus (Arbús in Occitan) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arbusiens or Arbusiennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Entry to Arbus.
Centre of the village and the Town Hall
Church of Saint-Mamer
The town

Arbus is located in the urban area of Pau 15 km to the north-west of the city and some 35 km south-east of Orthez mostly on the south bank of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is on the D2 road from Laroin in the south-east passing through the north of the commune to Abos in the north-west. Access to the village is by the D804 running off the D2 in the commune and continuing to Artiguelouve in the south-east and also by the D229 from the village to Parbayse in the south-west. The commune is mixed forest and farmland with large forests in the west, south, and south-east.[2]

Located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the Gave de Pau flows through the northern part of the commune with some of its tributaries flowing through the rest of the commune: the Juscle and Baise Lasseube, as well as their tributaries, the Sibé stream, and the old Canal du Moulin which is itself joined in the commune by the Arrious stream.

Historical places and hamlets[3][edit]

  • Alicq[4]
  • Barraqué
  • Barrère
  • Bédat
  • Bellocq
  • Berduc
  • Bert
  • Biscar
  • Bordes
  • Candau
  • Cap d'Arrandes
  • Castaing
  • Castéra
  • Catroui
  • Chigé
  • Croutzé
  • Fages
  • Ferrou
  • Gaurrat
  • Laborde
  • Labourdette
  • Lacroix
  • Lagré
  • Lahitte
  • Lalanne
  • Laplace
  • Larribot
  • Larrieste
  • Laugary
  • Manciet
  • Monget
  • Mounes
  • Parisot
  • Pé de Lahore
  • Peyrounet
  • Pommé
  • Priou
  • Ramonteu
  • Rauly
  • Saint-Sorque
  • Sarthou
  • Serviau
  • Sibé[4]
  • Sibers
  • Tourangé
  • Les Tourne-Brides
  • Tuheil
  • Vigneau

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Arbús (according to the classical norm of Occitan). According to Michel Grosclaude,[5] there is an aquitane root *arb-, meaning "grass" (close to alpe), and a collective suffix -untz giving a meaning of "a place where there is grass".

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arbus Arbus 1170 Raymond
9
Barcelona Village
Arbuus 1307 Raymond
9
Orthez
Arbus 1385 Grosclaude Census
Arbus 1750 Cassini
Alicq Alicq 1863 Raymond
5
Farm
Loubagnon Looubagnon 1775 Raymond
104
Terrier Place
Saint-Mamet Saint-Mamet 1863 Raymond
150
Place
Sibé Le Ruisseau de Sibe 1863 Raymond
161
Stream, tributary of the Baïse de Lasseube

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond on page 5 of his 1863 dictionary noted that in 1385 Arbus had 40 fires and depended on the bailiwick of Pau. The town was a dependency of the Marquisate of Gassion.[4]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Didier Larrieu

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune of Arbus is part of eight inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Miey de Béarn;
  • the SIVU for the management and development of the watercourses in the Baïses basin;
  • the SIVU for aged and infirm services for the Canton of Lescar;
  • the AEP association for Gave and Baïse;
  • the association for the management of the banks of the Juscle and its tributaries;
  • the association for sanitation of the communes in the valleys of the Juscle and the Baïse;
  • the Energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques ;
  • the inter-communal syndicate for defence against floods of the Gave de Pau.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 1,098 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
75 673 663 751 869 847 837 900 841
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
823 776 765 730 758 712 700 636 637
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
637 614 582 568 499 494 507 445 415
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
469 470 537 663 965 1,031 1,076 1,098 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Arbus

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Winemakers of Jurançon and of Béarn and partially in the AOC zone for Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The Parish Church of Saint-Mamer (1868)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[12]

Amenities[edit]

Education[edit]

The town has a primary school.[13]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Arnaud II of Arbus[14] (or Arnaldus of Arbouze[15]) from 1303[16] to 1320[17] was Bishop of Lescar.
  • Pommiès André, born in 1904 at Bordeaux and died in 1972 at Arbus was a French military Hero of the Resistance.
  • Georges Lapassade, born in 1924 at Arbus and died in 2008 at Stains, was a philosopher and French sociologist.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  6. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Arbus
  7. ^ Titles published in the proofs of the History of Béarn by Pierre de Marca (French)
  8. ^ Cartulary of Orthez called Martinet, manuscript from the 14th to the 17th centuries in the Archives of the Orthez town hall (French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000554 Parish Church of Saint-Mamer (French)
  13. ^ The Arbus School on the commune website (French)
  14. ^ Nominal spelling given by La Grande Encyclopédie
  15. ^ Nominal spelling given by the Trésor de Chronologie(French)
  16. ^ Date given by La Grande Encyclopédie and the Trésor de Chronologie
  17. ^ Date given by La Grande Encyclopédie