Arca in Phoenicia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Arca in Phoenicia (Arcae, Italian Arca di Fenicia) is a Catholic titular see. The original diocese was on the coast of Phoenicia, between Tripolis and Antaradus,and a suffragan of Tyre. The location was later known as Tel-Arka.

In antiquity it was famous for the worship of Aphrodite and for a temple of the Roman Emperor, Alexander Severus, who was born there in a temple during a visit of his parents. It stood long sieges by the Arab conquerors of Syria, in the seventh century, and in the eleventh (1099) by the Crusaders into whose hands it eventually fell.

Later it was destroyed by the Mamelukes after they had expelled the Christian population.

There was another Arca in Cappadocia, suffragan of Melitene. Its episcopal list (431-680) is given in Gams (p. 441).

Bishops[edit]

Its episcopal list is given in Gams (p. 434) from 364 to 451. It was a Latin see during the Crusades; and now gives a title to a Greek and a Maronite bishop.

References[edit]

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Arcae". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.  The entry cites:
    • Le Quien, Oriens Christianus (1740), II, 825, 826; III, 956;
    • Smith, Dict. of Greek and Roman Geogr., I, 189;
    • Burkhardt, Syria, 162.