Lüleburgaz

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Lüleburgaz
Lüleburgaz is located in Turkey
Lüleburgaz
Lüleburgaz
Coordinates: 41°24′20″N 27°21′25″E / 41.40556°N 27.35694°E / 41.40556; 27.35694Coordinates: 41°24′20″N 27°21′25″E / 41.40556°N 27.35694°E / 41.40556; 27.35694
Country Turkey
Province Kırklareli
Government
 • Mayor Emin Halebak (CHP)
 • Kaymakam Lütfullah Gürsöy
Area[1]
 • District 1,017.79 km2 (392.97 sq mi)
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 105,279
 • District 137,872
 • District density 140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Website www.luleburgaz.bel.tr

Lüleburgaz, (Turkish: [lyˈlebuɾɡaz]; Thracian: Bergula, Bulgarian: Люлебургас or popularly Беркулен, Greek: Αρκαδιούπολις/Αρκαδιούπολη) is a town and district of Kırklareli Province in the Marmara region of Turkey.

Facts[edit]

The city has a population of 100,412 (2010 census) and is the largest district centre in Kırklareli Province.

Lüleburgaz is known for its sixteenth-century mosque and bridge, both named after the Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmet Paşa and designed by the Ottoman chief architect Mimar Sinan.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Lüleburgaz is mainly based on the industrial sector. There are various factories around the city.

History[edit]

The ancient name of the city was Bergula; Emperor Theodosius I changed it to Arcadiopolis (Greek: Αρκαδιούπολις) in honour of his son and successor Arcadius.

The city of Arcadiopolis fell to Attila the Hun during his campaign against the Eastern Roman Empire in 443 AD.

The Battle of Arcadiopolis (970) saw Byzantine forces defeat an invading Kievan-Pecheneg-Magyar force who were aiming to capture Constantinople, 100 miles (161 kilometres) to the east. The Battle of Lule Burgas (1912) was here in the First Balkan War.

Bishopric[edit]

The bishopric of Arcadiopolis was established in the 5th century, after 431, and was originally a suffragan of Heraclea in Europa, metropolitan see and capital of the Roman province of Europa, but became an autocephalus archbishopric by the time of the Notitia Episcopatuum of Pseudo-Epiphanius, drawn up under Byzantine Emperor Heraclius I in about 640. It continued to be listed in Notitiae Episcopatuum until the 14th century.[3]

Of its bishops, Lucianus was at the Council of Chalcedon (451), Sabbatius at the Second Council of Constantinople (553), Ioannes at the Second Council of Nicaea (787), and Basilius at the Photian Council of Constantinople (879).

No longer a residential bishopric, Arcadiopolis is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[4] Marcel Lefebvre, the founder of the Society of St. Pius X, was one of its titular bishops.

Sport[edit]

In 2007, a women's football club, the Düvenciler Lisesispor was founded, which played in the Turkish Women's First Football League after promotion from the Second League. The team changed its name to Lüleburgaz 39 Spor and colours from yellow and black to red and green in 2011. The club ended its participation in the league in the 2013-14 season.[5]

References[edit]

Bibliography
Notes
  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Raymond Janin, La hiérarchie ecclésiastique dans le diocèse de Thrace, in Revue des études byzantines, vol. 17, 1959, pp. 148-149.
  4. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 837
  5. ^ "Bu görüntü mazide kaldı". Görünüm Gazetesi (in Turkish). 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 

External links[edit]