|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Thierry Girot|
|• Land1||18.55 km2 (7.16 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||22/km2 (58/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||07012 / 07310|
|Elevation||554–1,137 m (1,818–3,730 ft)
(avg. 600 m or 2,000 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcensois or Arcensoises
Arcens is located some 55 km east by south-east of Le Puy-en-Velay and 60 km west of Valence. It can be accessed by the D237 road from Saint-Martin-de-Valamas in the north-east passing through the commune and the village and continuing south-west to Saint-Martial. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of Massas and Les Allayauds in the south-west. The entire commune is heavily forested.
The Eysse river flows through the commune and the village from south-west to north-east gathering numerous tributaries on the way. It forms part of the northern border of the commune before continuing north to join the Eyrieux at Saint-Martin-de-Valamas.
It appears that the origin of the commune name Arcens was from a hamlet in the 14th century and the area occupied by the current commune was divided between three Lords in 1464.
The first mention that is often recounted, of Mansus de Arcenno in 1024, does not apply to Arcens, but to a manse near Escoulenc (Saint-Andéol-d'Escoulenc in Erieux).
In 1164 Pope Alexander III confirmed the Arcens church to the chapter of Puy but this date is controversial.
On 17 April 1195 the next pope, Adrian IV, confirmed the church to the abbey of Saint-Chaffre.
In 1620, the Acens church depended on the chapter of Puy whose canons named the priests.
The Lordship of Arcens appears only in the 15th century in the Brion family: thence it passed to Crussol and in the 18th century was in the hands of the Aiguillon family, one of the most powerful of the time.
The revolutionary period left some traces: the sales of church property, theft from the tax collector, then a strange resignation of the council. The lord of Arcens (de Brion) was meanwhile guillotined.
List of Successive Mayors
|2001||2008||Hélène Mira||PS||Regional Councillor (1998-2006) (resigned)|
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 416 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of Age Groups
The population of the commune is relatively old. The rate of persons above the age of 60 years (29.5%) is higher than the national rate (21.8%) and the departmental rate (26.8%). Unlike the national and departmental proportions, the male population of the commune is greater than the female population (51.8% against 48.7% nationally and 49.1% at the departmental level).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Arcens and Ardèche Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||15.7||19.4||18.7||16.9|
|15 to 29 Years||16.2||10.4||15.4||14.0|
|30 to 44 Years||19.0||21.4||19.9||18.9|
|45 to 59 Years||21.8||16.9||21.5||20.6|
|60 to 74 Years||16.7||17.4||16.1||16.4|
|75 to 89 Years||10.2||13.9||8.0||11.7|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Sites and Monuments
- Source of gaseous mineral water.
- A Chateau from the 16th century.
- A Church from the 19th century.
- Rémy Roure, resistance fighter, editor-in-chief of Le Monde, founder of the Democratic Party then the UDSR.
- Rene Baumer (1906-1982), painter, resistance fighter and deportee. Wrote two novels about Soutron.
- Communes of the Ardèche department
- Arcens official website (French)
- Arcens on the INSEE website (French)
- Arcens on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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