Arch Street Friends Meeting House
Arch Street Meeting House
|Location||320 Arch Street
|Architect||Owen Biddle, Jr. (central structure and east wing)|
|NRHP Reference #||71000716|
|Added to NRHP||May 27, 1971|
|Designated NHL||June 23, 2011|
|Designated PHMC||December 17, 1954|
The Arch Street Friends Meeting House, at 320 Arch Street at the corner of 4th Street in the Old City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a Meeting House of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). Built to reflect Friends’ testimonies of simplicity and equality, this building is little changed after more than two centuries of continuous use.
Pennsylvania founder and Quaker William Penn deeded land to the Society of Friends in 1701 to be used as a burial ground. The east wing and center of the meetinghouse was built between 1803 and 1805 according to a design by the Quaker carpenter Owen Biddle, Jr. Biddle is best known as the author of a builder’s handbook, The Young Carpenter's Assistant, published in 1805. The building was enlarged in 1810–11, with the addition of the west wing. Architects Walter Ferris Price and Morris & Erskine also contributed to the design and construction of the building. The firm Cope & Lippincott renovated the interior of the east wing and designed the two-story addition behind the center building in 1968–69.
Notable members of the Religious Society of Friends who worshiped at this meetinghouse include abolitionist and suffragist Lucretia Mott. Edward Hicks, the noted painter and cousin of Elias Hicks, also attended meeting here.
The ground upon which the meetinghouse was built was the first burial ground for Quakers in Philadelphia. Although the plot was officially given to the Society of Friends by William Penn in 1701, burials had been taking place here since as early as 1683. According to reports, Quakers were buried here alongside of “Indians, Blacks and strangers.”
Notable interments include:
- Charles Brockden Brown (1771–1810), the first American novelist (Wieland)
- Samuel Carpenter (1649–1714) and most of his family and his brother Abraham Carpenter (a non-member who married a Quaker) were buried in the Friends Burial Ground. Samuel was a Deputy Governor under William Penn and the "First Treasurer" of Pennsylvania.
- Lydia Darrah (1728–1789), Revolutionary War spy
- James Logan (1674–1751), secretary to William Penn
- Samuel Nicholas (1744–1790), founder and first commandant of the United States Marine Corps. Each November 10, Marines mark his grave with a wreath at dawn.
- Robert Waln (1765–1836), U.S. Congressman
- Dr. Thomas Wynne (1627–1691), personal physician of William Penn and one of the original settlers of Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania. Born in Wales, he accompanied Penn on his original journey to America on the ship Welcome.
- Caspar Wistar (1761–1818), American physician, professor of anatomy and vice president of the American Philosophical Society. Wistar mentored Meriwether Lewis before Lewis joined William Clark on the expedition to cross the western part of the continent.
The northwest corner (1974), photo by Jack E. Boucher
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004). Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture. ISBN 0962290815., p.33
- "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "Arch Street Meetinghouse - Related Architects, Engineers, and Others". Philadelphia Architects and Buildings. The Athenaeum of Philadelphia. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- "Arch Street Friends Meeting House". USHistory.org.
- "AMERICA'S GREAT OUTDOORS: Secretary Salazar Designates 14 New National Historic Landmarks" (Press release). U.S. Department of the Interior. June 30, 2011.
- "Quaker Burial Grounds in Philadelphia 1683-present". Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Watson, John (1830). Annals of Philadelphia. pp. 449–450.
- "Charles Brockden Brown". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "Lydia Darrah". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "Samuel Nicholas". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Mucha, Peter (November 11, 2008). "Ceremony honors Marine Corps founder". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "Robert Waln". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Wilson, Gaye. "The American Philosophical Society and Westward Expansion". Thomas Jefferson's Monticello. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- "Caspar Wistar". Find a Grave. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
- Barnes,Gregory. Philadelphia’s Arch Street Meeting House: A Biography, Philadelphia, PA: QuakerPress, 2013.
- Bronner, Edwin B. "Quaker Landmarks in Early Philadelphia", Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Ser., Vol. 43, No. 1 (1953), pp. 210–216.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arch Street Friends Meeting House.|
- Official website
- Listing and photographs at the Historic American Buildings Survey
- Listing at Philadelphia Architects and Buildings
- Friends Arch Street Meeting House Burial Ground at Find A Grave
- Listing at visitphilly.com
- Listing in the Colored Conventions project