Arch Street Friends Meeting House
Arch Street Friends Meeting House
|Location||320 Arch Street
|Architect||Owen Biddle (central structure and east wing)|
|NRHP Reference #||71000716|
|Added to NRHP||May 27, 1971|
|Designated NHL||June 23, 2011|
|Designated PHMC||December 17, 1954|
Arch Street Friends Meeting House, at 320 Arch Street at the corner of 4th Street in the Old City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is a Meeting House of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
Pennsylvania founder and Quaker William Penn donated the land to the Society in 1693 as a burial ground for members. The meetinghouse, consisting of the central portion and the east wing, was built between 1803 and 1805 atop the graveyard to a design by the carpenter Owen Biddle, author of Young Carpenter's Assistant (1805). It was enlarged in 1810-11,<red name=philarch /> when the west wing was added to accommodate the Women's Monthly Meeting. The original east wing now houses exhibits on the life of Penn, and the west wing is used for meetings for worship.
The meetinghouse grounds were first used as a burial ground in 1701. Notable interments include:
- Charles Brockden Brown (1771–1810), the first American novelist (Wieland)
- Samuel Carpenter (1649–1714) and most of his family and his brother Abraham Carpenter (a non-member who married a Quaker) were buried in the Friends Burial Ground. Samuel was a Deputy Governor under William Penn and the "First Treasurer" of Pennsylvania.
- Lydia Darrah (1728–1789), Revolutionary War spy
- James Logan (1674–1751), secretary to William Penn
- Samuel Nicholas (1744–1790), founder and first commandant of the United States Marine Corps On November 10 of each year, his grave is marked with a wreath at dawn by a group of Marines.
- Robert Waln (1765–1836), U.S. Congressman
- Dr. Thomas Wynne (1627–1691) personal physician of William Penn and one of the original settlers of Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania. Born in Wales, where his family dated back fifteen generations, he accompanied Penn on his original journey to America on the ship Welcome.
The northwest corner (1974), photo by Jack E. Boucher
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Gallery, John Andrew (ed.) (2004). Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture. ISBN 0962290815., p.33
- "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Article at USHistory.org
- AMERICA’S GREAT OUTDOORS: Secretary Salazar Designates 14 New National Historic Landmarks, 06/30/2011
- "Charles Brockden Brown". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "Lydia Darrah". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "Samuel Nicholas". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Mucha, Peter (2008-11-11). "Ceremony honors Marine Corps founder". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "Robert Waln". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Bronner, Edwin B. "Quaker Landmarks in Early Philadelphia", Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Ser., Vol. 43, No. 1 (1953), pp. 210–216.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arch Street Friends Meeting House.|
- Official website
- Listing and photographs at the Historic American Buildings Survey
- Listing at Philadelphia Architects and Buildings
- Arch Street Friends Meeting House at Find A Grave
- Listing at Visitphilly.com