Arch of Caracalla (Djémila)
The Arch of Caracalla is a Roman triumphal arch from the beginning of the 3rd century, located at Djémila in Algeria (Cuicul). The arch, with a single span (fornix) was placed on the road leading to Sitifis and constituted the entrance to the city's Severan forum.
In 1839 Prince Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans saw the arch during an expedition and planned to have it transported to Paris, where he intended to have it erected with the inscription "L'Armée d'Afrique à la France" (The African Army, to France). After his death, in 1842, the project, which was almost ready to be carried out, was abandoned.
The arch, with a single span, reaches a height of 12.5 m, a width on 11.6 m and a depth of 3.9 m.
On both sides of the span, on the pylons, are niches, each framed by a pair of Corinthian columns on pedestals, with smooth drums, detached from the wall. Each pair of columns supports an entablature, which is surmounted in turn by a small aedicula, with a pediment, reaching to the top of the Attic.
On top of the Attic, three bases remain, which originally supported statues of the members of the imperial family.
- Entry on Djémila at UNESCO's site
- Pietro Romanelli, "Gemila" in Enciclopedia dell'arte antica (1960) (testo on line)
- Paul Fevrier, "Notes sur le développement urbain en Afrique du Nord. Les exemples comparés de Djemila et de Sétif", in Cahiers d'archéologie, 14, 1964, p. 9.
- Silvio De Maria, "Arco onorario e trionfale" in Enciclopedia dell'arte antica. II supplemento (1994)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arch of Caracalla (Djemila).|