Archaeological sites in Peru

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Archaeological sites in Peru are numerous and diverse, representing different aspects like temples and fortresses of the various cultures of ancient Peru, such as the Moche and Nazca. The sites vary in importance from small local sites to UNESCO World Heritage sites of global importance.[1] Their nature and complexity of the sites vary from small single featured sites like pyramids to entire cities like Chan Chan and Machu Picchu. Preservation and investigation of these sites are controlled mainly by the National Institute for Culture (INC) (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Cultura). The lack of funding to protect sites and enforce existing laws, results in large scale looting and illegal trading of artifacts.[2]

Sites[edit]

The following is an alphabetical list of archaeological sites in Peru, it lists the main archaeological sites of touristic importance as published by the Ministry of Foreign Commerce and Tourism.[3][4]

Site Image Region Culture Period
Acaray Vista a Sector B 8-10-04.JPG Lima   !9100900–200 BC, 1000–1470 AD
Aspero Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
Bandurria Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
El Brujo Complejo arqueológico Elbrujo2 lou.jpg La Libertad Moche 0100100–750 AD
Buena Vista Lima 9999 
Cahuachi Cahuachi 15.jpg Ica Nazca 9999 
Cantamarca Lima Canta 11001100–1450 AD
La Cantinela Ica Chincha 09000900–1450 AD
Carajía Amazonas 9999 
Caral PeruCaral01.jpg Lima Norte Chico !70003000–1800 BC
Chan Chan Chanchan fishnet ruins.JPG La Libertad Chimú 0850850–1470 AD
Chankillo[5] Chanquillo Fortaleza (remains).jpg Ancash   !9700300 BC
Chavin de Huantar Chavín de Huántar.JPG Ancash Chavín 9999 
Chinchero Chinchero Archaeological site - overview.png Cusco   9999 
Choquequirao Choquequirao Archaeological site - house.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Cumbe Mayo Cumbemayo aqueduct.JPG Cajamarca 9999 
El Paraíso El paraiso peru.jpg Chillon River Valley 37903790–3065 cal BP
Garagay Garagay altorrelieve polícromo.JPG Lima !88001200 BC
Gran Pajáten La Libertad Chachapoyas 9999 
Gran Saposoa Amazonas 9999 
Gran Vilaya Amazonas Chachapoyas 9999 
Guitarrero Cave[6] Ancash !20008000–7000 BC
Huaca de la Luna H Luna Frisorestaurado lou.jpg La Libertad Moche 9999 
Huaca del Sol Huaca del Sol southeast.jpg La Libertad Moche 9999 
Inka Uyu Chucuito.jpg Puno 9999 
Inka Wasi, Ayacucho Le volcan Sarasara et le lac Parinacochas. Vue des hauteurs d'Incawasi.jpg Ayacucho 9999 
Inti Punku Camino-inca-dia4-c04.jpg Cusco 9999 
Inti Watana Pumacocha Archaeological site - wall.jpg Ayacucho Inca 9999 
Jisk'a Iru Muqu Jiska2002.jpg Puno South-Central Highland !70003000–1400 BC
Kuelap Kuelap.jpg Amazonas Chachapoyas 10001000–1400 AD
Kuntur Wasi Kuntur Wasi.jpg Cajamarca Chavín !90001000–700 BC
K'anamarka Kanamarca.jpg Cusco 9999 
La Galgada La Libertad   !71002900–1800 BC
Llaqtapata Machu Picchu from Llactapata.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Machu Pikchu 80 - Machu Picchu - Juin 2009 - edit.2.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Marayniyuq Marayniyoq0002.JPG Ayacucho 9999 
Ñusta Hispana Vilcabamba Archaeological site Nusta Hispana.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Pachakamaq Pachacamac.jpg Lima Huari
Ichma
Lima
Inca
0200200–1450 AD
Pañamarka Pañamarca Archaeological site - overview.jpg Ancash   9999 
Paramonga Lima Chimú 12001200–1450 AD
Patallaqta Patallacta Terraces.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Phuyupatamarka Phuyupatamarca (cloud-level town).jpg Cusco 9999 
Pikillaqta Piquillacta Archaeological site - building.jpg Cusco Huari 0500500–1200 AD
Pikimach'ay Ayacucho !000012000 BC
Pinkuylluna Ollantaytambo granaries Stevage.jpg Cusco 9999 
Pisac Sun Temple at Pisac, Peru.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Puka Pukara Tambo Machay Décembre 2006.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Pukllana Huaca Pucllana 1.JPG Lima
Miraflores
Lima 0200200–700 AD
Puruchuco Puruchuco Archaeological site - overview.jpg Lima Ichma
Inca
14701470–1532 AD
Qulu Qulu Colo Colo.jpg Puno 9999 
Qunchamarka Conchamarka (cooking stove spot).jpg Cusco 9999 
Qurikancha Cusco Coricancha Inti-Huasi main view.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Quriwayrachina Cusco 9999 
Q'inqu Q'enqo.jpg Cusco 9999 
Raqch'i Raqchi 01.jpg Cusco Inca 14501450–1532 AD
Rumiqullqa Rumicolca.jpg Cusco 9999 
Runkuraqay Ruins Of Rest-hut, Inca Trail.jpg Cusco 9999 
Sacred Valley Urubamba - Valle Sagrado 3.JPG Cusco Inca 9999 
Saksaywaman Sacsahuaman wall3.jpg Cusco Killke and Inca 0900900–1532 AD
Sayhuite Sayhuite Archaeological site - rock sculpture.jpg Apurímac Inca 9999 
Sillustani Chulpas de la época Kolla 2.jpg Puno Colla 12001200–1450 AD
Sipán TumbaSeñorSipán3 lou.jpg Lambayeque Moche 9999 
Suntur Sondor Archaeological site - overview.jpg Apurímac 9999 
Tambo Colorado TamboColorado-colours.PNG Ica Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tampu Mach'ay Tambo Machay Archaeological site - bath.png Cusco Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tarawasi Tarahuasi Archaeological site - wall.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Tarmatampu Tarmatambo.jpg Junín Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Tipón Tipón Archaeological site - overview.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Toquepala Caves Tacna !23507650 BC
Toro Muerto ToroMuerto.jpg Arequipa Huari 0900900–1200 AD
Túcume Tucume Tempelberg-mit-Plattform.jpg Lambayeque Lambayeque, Chimú and Inca 0800800–1532 AD
Tunanmarka Tunanmarca Archaeological site - storehouse.jpg Junín Huanca 9999 
Uchkus Inkañan Uchkus Inkañan archeological site Huancavelica.PNG Huancavelica 9999 
Ullantaytampu Ollantaytambo2.jpg Cusco Inca 14501450–1532 AD
Usnu Willkawaman ushnu.jpg Ayacucho 9999 
Vilcabamba
(Espiritu Pampa)
Espiritu Pampa Archaeological site - tree on wall.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Vilcashuamán Vilcas Huamán Archaeological site Arch.jpg Ayacucho Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Vitcos
Vitcos Archaeological site.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 
Wallamarka Huallamarca Archaeological site - pyramid.jpg Lima Hualla 0500500–1450 AD
Wamanmarka Huamanmarka Archaeological site.jpg Cusco 9999 
Wanuku Pampa Huánuco Pampa Archaeological site - doorway.jpg Huánuco Inca 14701470–1532 AD
Waqramarka Huacramarca2.jpg Ancash 9999 
Wari ruins Tomb at Wari ruins near Ayacucho.jpg Ayacucho Huari 500500–900 AD
Wari Willka Templo de Huarivilca.jpg Junín Huanca 9999 
Willkaraqay Willkaraqay ruins.jpg Cusco 9999 
Willkawayin WillkawainTempel2.jpg Ancash 9999 
Wiraquchapampa Wiracochapampa1.jpg La Libertad 9999 
Wiñay Wayna Peru Wiñay Wayna.jpg Cusco Inca 9999 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UNESCO. World Heritage Centre. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  2. ^ International Council of Museums. Red List of Peruvian antiquities at risk. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  3. ^ (Spanish) Ministry of Foreign Commerce and Tourism. Main archaeological sites of touristic importance. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  4. ^ (Spanish) Archaeology of Peru. Archaeological sites. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
  5. ^ Ghezzi, I. & Ruggles, C. (2007), Chankillo: A 2300-Year-Old Solar Observatory in Coastal Peru, Science 315: 1239–1243 
  6. ^ Thomas F. Lynch, R. Gillespie, John A. J. Gowlett & R. E. M. Hedges (1985), Chronology of Guitarrero Cave, Peru, Science 229 (4716): 864–867 

External links[edit]