Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Monreale
|Archdiocese of Monreale
Archidioecesis Montis Regalis
|Area||1,509 km2 (583 sq mi)|
|(as of 2004)
|Established||1176 (837 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di S. Maria La Nuova|
|Emeritus Bishops||Salvatore Cassisa
Salvatore Di Cristina
The Italian Catholic Archdiocese of Monreale (Latin: Archidioecesis Montis Regalis) is in Sicily. As of 2000 it is no longer a metropolitan see, and is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Palermo.
In 1174 the abbey of Monreale was declared a prælatura nullius; two years later its abbot was vested with the title and jurisdiction of a bishop. In 1182 Monreale became the metropolitan see for the diocese of Catania and diocese of Siracusa. At first the archbishops were elected by the monks, but were not always Benedictines; since 1275 the election has been reserved to itself by the Holy See.
In time the diocese of Girgenti and diocese of Caltagirone also became suffragan to Monreale; but Siracusa, in 1844, and Catania, in 1860, became archiepiscopal sees. The former having become the Metropolitan of Caltagirone, Monreale received the new diocese of Caltanisetta (1860), which see and Girgenti became its only suffragans.
Among the archbishops have been:
- Cardinal Giovanni Proccamazza (1278);
- Cardinal Aussio Despuig de Podio (1458);
- Cardinal Juan de Borja Lanzol de Romaní, el mayor (September 13, 1483—August 1, 1503)
- Cardinal Pompeo Colonna (1531);
- Cardinal Ippolito de' Medici (1532);
- Cardinal Alessandro Farnese (1536);
- Ludovico de Torres (1584);
- Cardinal Francesco Peretti di Montalto (1650 - 1655);
- Cardinal Vitaliano Visconti (1670);
- Cardinal Francesco del Giudice (1704 - 1725);
- Cardinal Traian d'Acquaviva d'Aragona (1739).
From 1775 to 1802 Monreale and Palermo were united.