Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno
|Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno
|Area||1,398 km2 (540 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)
|Cathedral||Cattedrale-Basilica di S. Matteo (Salerno)|
|Co-cathedral||Concattedrale-Basilica di S. Maria della Pace (Campagna)
Concattedrale di S. Donato (Acerno)
|Emeritus Bishops||Gerardo Pierro|
The Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno (Latin: Archidioecesis Salernitanus-Campaniensis-Acernensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Campania, southern Italy, created in 1986. The historic Archdiocese of Salerno was in existence from the tenth century, having been elevated from a sixth-century diocese. The Diocese of Acerno was combined with the archdiocese in 1818.
Gaudentius was bishop in 499. Other bishops were: Asterius, who went to Constantinople with Pope Agapitus in 534; St Gaudiosus (eighth century); Petrus (834), formerly Bishop of Canusio, who took refuge at Salerno when the Saracens destroyed his capital, and built the Church of San Giovanni Battista; Bernardus (850), who restored several buildings.
- San Alfano (1058–85), who received the exiled Pope Gregory VII;
- Romualdo I (1121);
- Romualdo II Guarna (1153);
- Nicolo Agello (1181),
- Guglielmo de' Godoni (1298), chancellor of the Duke of Calabria, whose successors, to Orso Minutolo (1330), resided at Avignon;
- Barnaba Orsini (1441), who restored the cathedral;
- Pietro Guglielmo Rocca (d. 1482);
- Giovanni Vera (1500), later a cardinal, who was sent on several pontifical legations to France and to England;
- Girolamo Seripando (1554), theologian and former general of the Augustinians, whose doctrines on justification, akin to those of Luther, were rejected at the Council of Trent, and who afterwards became a cardinal;
- Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta (1564), who founded the seminary;
- Marc Antonio Colonna (1568), who established another college for clerics;
- his nephew, Marc Antonio Colonna (1574), the author;
- Mario Bolognini (1591), who distinguished himself in France in the controversies with the Huguenots;
- Giovanni de Torres (1658), who reformed the lives of the clergy;
- Gregorio Caraffa (1664), a Theatine and reformer;
- Antonio Salomone, who, after the annexation of the kingdom of Naples, was imprisoned without reason (1886), and at the beginning of the war with Austria was sent into exile.
The See of Acerno, which appears a diocese since 1136, is united with it; among its bishops was the Franciscan Antonio Bonito (1493).
- Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia, XX (Venice, 1857);