Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur
The Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur is the chief bishop and principal leader of the nearly half a million Syro Malabar Catholics now used to be the largest catholic diocese in India, when it included the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Thrissur, Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Irinjalakuda, Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Palghat and Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Ramanathapuram. He is also the Archbishop of Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Thrissur. The title is more powerful as he is the custodian of St. Thomas Church (Palayur), where Christianity came to Indian sub-continent, and have two blessed people, Maria Theresa Chiramel and Euphrasia Eluvathingal in the Archdiocese.
The Archbishop of Thrissur has been a vocal supporter of Christian politicians in Thrissur District and Kerala for a long time. But it has been staunch critic against the Communist Party of India and its policies in Kerala after India’s Independence. Later in this decade, the archbishop has emerged as an influential pressure group in Kerala politics by deciding seats from Kerala Legislature constituencies to India’s upper house, Lok Sabha. Thrissur District’s assembly constituencies like Ollur Assembly Constituency, Pudukad Assembly Constituency, Manalur Assembly Constituency, Thrissur Assembly Constituency and Irinjalakuda Assembly Constituency have a majority Christian population, which elect representatives to Kerala Legislature. Thrissur Lok Sabha constituency, one of the 20 Lok Sabha constituencies in Kerala, is also in Thrissur District.
The trend started when Mar Joseph Kundukulam, the first Archbishop of Thrissur, started friendship with the late former Chief Minister of Kerala, K. Karunakaran. It is alleged that archdiocese supported K. Karunakaran in his candidacy to the Kerala Legislature. This was the start of the bonding between Indian National Congress and the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Thrissur. After the death of Kundukulam, Mar Jacob Thoomkuzhy was elected as the next archbishop. But Thoomkuzhy was less interested in the Kerala politics. Later Mar Andrews Thazhath was selected to head the archdiocese. In 2007, he campaigned against Kerala Chief Minister V.S. Achuthanandan ruled Government against its policies towards Church and its institutions. He even threatened Communist-led Government telling that the Church may re-enact the “Liberation Struggle” of the late 1950s.
|Bishops and Archbishops of Thrissur|
|1887||1896||Adolph Medlycott||First and only Bishop from outside Kerala to be consecrated as the Bishop of Thrissur in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Thrissur. Consecrated on December 11, 1887, resigned on 1896, died on May 4.|
|1896||1919||John Menachery||Consecrated on October 25, died on December, 19, 1919.|
|1921||1942||Francis Vazhapilly||Consecrated on July 6, 1921, died on May, 12, 1942.|
|1944||1970||George Alapatt||Consecrated on May 1, 1944, died on November, 6, 1973.|
|1970||1997||Joseph Kundukulam||First Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur. Nominated on June 4, 1970, consecrated on August 16, 1970, died on April 26, 1998.|
|1997||2007||Jacob Thoomkuzhy||Second Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur.|
|2007||Present||Andrews Thazhath||Third Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur.|
- "Classic battle in Left bastion: Church vs State". Tehelka. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "Battle cry". Frontline. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "Catholics Want a Piece of Kerala's Political Pie". Hinduismtoday. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "Church and a state". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "KCBC's condolence". The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "Battle cry". Frontline. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
- "Former Bishops". Trichur Archdiocese. Retrieved 2011-12-16.