Archbishop of Tuam

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The Cathedral Church of St Mary, Tuam, the episcopal seat of the pre-Reformation and Church of Ireland archbishops.
The Cathedral Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Tuam, the episcopal seat of the Roman Catholic archbishops.

The Archbishop of Tuam (Irish: Ard-Easpag Tuaim) is an archiepiscopal title which takes its name after the town of Tuam in County Galway, Ireland. The title was used by the Church of Ireland until 1839, and is still in use by the Roman Catholic Church.

History[edit]

At the Synod of Rathbreasail in 1111, Tuam was named as the seat of a diocese corresponding roughly with the diocese of Elphin, whilst Cong was chosen as the seat of a diocese corresponding with the later archdiocese of Tuam in west Connacht. There is no record of any bishops of Cong, and no bishop was given the title "bishop of Tuam" in the Irish annals before 1152, although the annals recorded some "bishops of Connacht". At the Synod of Kells in 1152, the archdiocese of Tuam was established with six suffragan dioceses.[1]

During the Reformation, the bishopric of Annaghdown was annexed to Tuam in circa 1555. After the Reformation, there were parallel apostolic successions: one of the Church of Ireland and the other of the Roman Catholic Church.

In the Church of Ireland

In 1569, the Church of Ireland bishopric of Mayo was annexed to the archbishopric. Between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, a number of other bishoprics were also united to the archbishopric. The bishopric of Kilfenora was united to Tuam from 1661 to 1742, Ardagh from 1742 to 1839, and Killala and Achonry from 1834.

On the death of Archbishop Le Poer Trench in 1839, the Ecclesiastical Province of Tuam lost its metropolitan status and became the united bishopric of Tuam, Killala and Achonry in the Province of Dublin.

In the Roman Catholic Church

After an unsettled period in the mid to late sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic archbishopric has had a consistent succession of archbishops. In 1631, the Roman Catholic bishopric of Mayo was formally joined to Tuam by papal decree.[2]

The current archbishop is the Most Reverend Michael Neary who was appointed archbishop of Tuam by the Holy See on 17 January 1995 and installed on 5 March 1995. The archbishop's residence is the Archbishop's House, Tuam, County Galway, Ireland.

Pre-Reformation archbishops[edit]

Pre-Reformation Archbishops of Tuam
From Until Incumbent Notes
1152 1161 Áed Ua h-Oissín Became the first Archbishop of Tuam at the Synod of Kells in 1152, where he received the pallium from Cardinal Giovanni Paparoni, the Papal Legate; died in office; also known as Hugh O'Hession, or Edanus
bef.1167 1201 Cadla Ua Dubthaig Became archbishop before 1167; died in office at Cong Abbey in 1201; also known as Cathal O'Duffy, Cadhla O'Dublai, or Catholicus
1202 1235 Felix Ua Ruanada, O.S.A. Became archbishop in 1202; resigned as archbishop on 23 March 1235 and retired to St. Mary's Abbey, Dublin; died 1238; also known as Felix O'Ruadain; his nephew was Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, High King of Ireland
1236 1249 Máel Muire Ó Lachtáin Formerly Dean of Tuam; elected archbishop before 6 April 1236 and consecrated in the same year; died in office before 25 December 1249; also known as Marianus, or Mael-Murry O'Laghnan
1250 1256 Flann Mac Flainn Formerly Chancellor of Tuam; elected archbishop before 27 May 1250; received possession of the temporalities on 25 July 1250; consecrated on 25 December 1250; died in office before 29 June 1256; also known as Florentius, Florence MacFlynn, Florence Floin, or Fiacha O'Flyn
1257 1258 Walter de Saleron Formerly Dean of St Paul's, London (1254–1257); elected archbishop on 29 May and consecrated on 6 September 1257; received possession of the temporalities on 6 November 1257; died in office before 22 April 1258; also known as Walter de London
1258 1279 Tommaltach Ó Conchobair Elected archbishop of Tuam after 17 July 1258, but not translated from Elphin until 23 March 1259; received possession of the temporalities on 20 July 1259; died in office 16 June 1279; also known as Thomas O'Conor
1283 (Nicol Mac Flainn) Elected before 20 October 1283, but never consecrated
1280 (Malachias Hibernicus) Elected on 22 April 1280, never officially installed
1286 1288 Stephen de Fulbourn Translated from Waterford; appointed on 12 July and received possession of the temporalities on 15 September 1286; died in office on 3 July 1288; also known as Stephen of Fulburn
1288 1312 William de Bermingham Elected circa autumn 1288, appointed on 2 May 1289 and received possession of the temporalities on 29 September 1289; died in office in January 1312
1312 1348 Máel Sechlain Mac Áeda Elected archbishop of Tuam circa March 1312, but not translated from Elphin until 19 December 1312; received possession of the temporalities on 1 April 1313; died in office on 10 August 1348; also known as Malachias or Malachi MacHugh
1348 1365 Tomás MacCearbhaill Formerly Archdeacon of Cashel; appointed archbishop on 26 November 1348 and received possession of the temporalities on 6 October 1349; translated to Cashel before 8 March 1365; also known as Thomas MacCarwill or O'Carrol
1364 1371 Eóin Ó Gráda Formerly Archdeacon of Cashel; appointed archbishop after 20 November 1364 and received possession of the temporalities on 19 July 1365; died in office on 19 September 1371; also known as John O'Grada or O'Grady
1372 1383 Gregorius Ó Mocháin I Translated from Elphin on 7 May 1372 and received possession of the temporalities on 24 November 1372; died in office in 1383; also known as Gregory O'Moghan or O'Mahon
1384 1386 Gregorius Ó Mocháin II Appointed circa 1384 by Avignon Pope Clement VII; deprived on 5 May 1386 by Pope Urban VI; died in 1392; also known as Gregory O'Moghan or O'Mahon
1386 1393 Uilliam Ó Cormacáin Appointed on 5 May 1386 by Pope Urban VI; translated to Clonfert on 27 January 1393; also known as William O'Cormacain
1393 1407 Muircheartach mac Pilib Ó Ceallaigh Elected archbishop of Tuam in the summer of 1392, but not translated from Clonfert until 26 January 1393; died in office on 29 September 1407; also known as Maurice O'Kelly
1408 1410 John Babingle, O.P. Appointed before 25 October 1408 by Pope Gregory XII, and 2 September 1409 by Antipope Alexander V; confirmed on 25 May 1410 by Antipope John XXIII; appointed later to Achonry in 1410
1411 (Cornelius, O.F.M.) Appointed on 7 October 1411, but did not take effect
1411 1430 See vacant
1430 1437 Sean Mac Feorais Appointed on 7 June and consecrated after 5 December 1430; died in office in 1437; also known as John Winfield
1438 1441 Tomás mac Muircheartaigh Ó Ceallaigh, O.P. Translated Clonfert in 1438, but did not get possession of the see; also known as Thomas O'Kelly
1441 1450 John de Burgo, O.S.A. Appointed on 9 October 1441 and consecrated circa November or December 1441; died in office before December 1450; also known as John Burke
1450 1485 Donatus Ó Muireadhaigh, O.S.A. Appointed on 2 December and consecrated after that date; died in office on 17 January 1485; also known as Donatus O'Murray
1483 (Walter Blake fitz John) Appointed on 8 August 1483, but did not take effect; later appointed to Clonmacnoise on 26 March 1487
1485 1501 Uilliam Seóighe Appointed on 16 May 1485 and consecrated in 1487; died in office on 20 or 28 December 1501; also known as William Joyce
1503 Philip Pinson, O.F.M. Appointed on 2 December 1503, however, died of the plague at Rome on 5 December 1503
1503 1506 See vacant
1506 1513 Muiris Ó Fithcheallaigh, O.F.M. Appointed on 26 June 1506; attended the Fifth Council of the Lateran in 1512; died in office at Galway on 25 May 1513; buried in the Franciscan Convent of Galway; also known as Maurice O'Fihely or Maurice de Portu
1514 1536 Tomás Ó Maolalaidh Translated from Clonmacnoise on 19 June 1514; died in office on 28 April 1536; buried at Galway, in the same tomb with his immediate predecessor; also known as Thomas O'Mullally
Sources:[1][3][4]

Archbishops during the Reformation[edit]

Archbishops of Tuam during the Reformation
From Until Incumbent Notes
1537 1572 Christopher Bodkin Appointed Church of Ireland archbishop by King Henry VIII on 15 February 1537; also was Bishop of Kilmacduagh 1533–1572; absolved from schism by Cardinal Pole and appointed Roman Catholic apostolic administrator of Tuam and Kilmacduagh on 7 October 1555; took the Oath of Supremacy, recognizing the Queen as Supreme Governor of the Church, in 1560;[5] described by the papal legate Fr David Wolfe SJ as an 'adherent of the Queen' in a letter of 12 October 1561, although Mass was sung and said in his cathedral and he was daily in the choir;[6] this letter has also been translated that he had 'taken the oath of allegiance to the queen';[7] died in office in 1572; also known as Christopher Bobkyn or Bodekin
1538 1555 Arthur O'Friel Appointed Roman Catholic archbishop by the Holy See on 7 October 1538 in opposition to Bodkin, but was unable to get possession of the see; not known if he was ever consecrated; resigned when Bodkin was absolved in 1555; died circa 1573
Sources:[8][9][10]

Post-Reformation archbishops[edit]

Church of Ireland succession[edit]

Church of Ireland Archbishops of Tuam
From Until Incumbent Notes
1573 1595 William O'Mullally Formerly Dean of Tuam; nominated on 11 November 1572; consecrated in April 1573; died in office
1595 1609 Nehemiah Donnellan Nominated on 24 May and appointed by letters patent on 17 May 1595; voluntarily resigned in 1609, and dying soon afterwards at Tuam; buried at St Mary's Cathedral, Tuam
1609 1628 William Daniel Nominated on 28 June and consecrated on 2 August 1609; died in office on 11 July 1628; his was the translator of the New Testament and of the Book of Common Prayer; also recorded as William O'Donnell
1629 1638 Randolph Barlow Formerly of Dean of Christ Church, Dublin and Archdeacon of Meath; nominated on 6 February and consecrated in April 1629; died in office on 22 February 1638; also known as Ralph Barlow
1638 1645 Richard Boyle Translated from Cork, Cloyne and Ross; nominated on 2 April and appointed by letters patent on 30 May 1638; died in office on 19 March 1645
1645 1647 John Maxwell Translated from Killala and Achonry; appointed by letters patent on 30 August 1645; died in office on 14 February 1647
1647 1661 See vacant
1661 1667 Samuel Pullen Nominated on 3 August 1660 and appointed by letters patent on 27 January 1661; died in office on 24 January 1667
1667 1679 John Parker Translated from Elphin; nominated on 26 February and appointed by letters patent on 9 August 1667; translated to Dublin on 28 February 1679
1679 1716 John Vesey Translated from Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe; nominated on 23 January and appointed by letters patent on 18 March 1679; died in office on 28 March 1716
1716 1741 Edward Synge Translated from Raphoe; nominated on 19 May and appointed by letters patent on 8 June 1716; died in office on 23 July 1741; his son Edward was bishop of Clonfert & Kilmacduagh (1730–32), Cloyne (1732–34), Ferns & Leighlin (1734–40), and Elphin (1740–62)
1742 1751 Josiah Hort Translated from Kilmore and Ardagh; nominated on 5 January and appointed by letters patent on 27 January 1742; died in office on 14 December 1751
1752 1775 John Ryder Translated from Down and Connor; nominated on 24 February and appointed on 19 March 1752; died in office on 4 February 1775
1775 1782 Jemmett Browne Translated from Elphin; appointed by letters patent on 11 April 1775; died in office in June 1782
1782 1794 Joseph Deane Bourke Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; appointed by letters patent on 8 August 1782; also became the 3rd Earl of Mayo in 1792; died in office on 20 August 1794
1794 1819 William Beresford Translated from Ossory; appointed by letters patent on 10 October 1794; also was created the 1st Baron Decies in 1812; died in office on 8 September 1819
1819 1839 Power Le Poer Trench Translated from Elphin; appointed by letters patent on 10 November 1819; died in office on 25 March 1839
Since 1839, the Church of Ireland see has been part of the united bishopric of Tuam, Killala and Achonry
Sources:[9][11][12]

Roman Catholic succession[edit]

Roman Catholic Archbishops of Tuam
From Until Incumbent Notes
1572 1580 See vacant
1580 1583 Nicholas Skerrett Appointed on 17 October 1580; died in office in February 1583
1586 1590 Maol Muire Ó hÚigínn Appointed on 24 March 1586; died in office circa 1590; known in English as Miler O'Higgin
1591 1595 Seamus Ó hÉilidhe Appointed on 20 March 1591; died in office in 1595; known in English as James O'Hely
1595 1609 See vacant
1609 1629 Flaithri Ó Maolconaire, O.F.M Appointed on 30 March and consecrated on 3 May 1609; died in office in November 1629; known in English as Florence Conry
1630 1645 Malachy O'Queely Appointed on 28 June and consecrated on 10 October 1630; died in office on 25 October 1645; also known as Malachias O'Queely
1647 1667 John de Burgh Translated from Clonfert on 11 March 1647; died in office on 4 April 1667; also recorded as John de Burgo and John Burke
1669 1713 James Lynch Appointed on 11 January and consecrated on 16 May 1669; died in office on 31 October 1713
1713 1723 Francis Burke Appointed coadjutor archbishop of Tuam on 22 August, succeeded as archbishop on 31 October 1713, and consecrated on 4 April 1714; died in office before September 1723
1723 1740 Bernard O'Gara Appointed on 23 December 1723 and consecrated on 24 May 1724; died in office circa June 1740
1740 1748 Michael O'Gara Appointed on 19 September 1740; died in office in 1748
1749 1785 Michael Skerrett Translated from Killala on 5 May 1749; died in office on 19 August 1785
1785 1787 Philip Phillips Translated from Achonry on 22 November 1785; died in office in September 1787
1787 1798 Boetius Egan Translated from Achonry on 15 December 1787 with papal brief 4 June 1788; died in office on 25 January 1798
1798 1809 Edward Dillon Translated from Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora on 19 November 1798; died in office on 13 or 30 August 1809
1815 1834 Oliver Kelly Appointed on 4 October 1814 and consecrated on 12 March 1815; died in office on 18 April 1834
1834 1881 John MacHale Appointed from Killala on 26 August 1834; died in office on 7 November 1881
1881 1902 John McEvilly Appointed coadjutor archbishop of Tuam on 2 February 1878, and succeeded as archbishop on 7 November 1881; also was Bishop of Galway (1857–1881) and Apostolic Administrator of Kilmacduagh & Kilfenora (1866–1883); died in office on 26 November 1902
1903 1918 John Healy Translated from Clonfert on 13 February 1903; died in office on 19 March 1918
1918 1939 Thomas Gilmartin Translated from Clonfert on 10 July 1918; died in office on 14 October 1939
1940 1969 Joseph Walsh Appointed an auxiliary bishop of Tuam on 16 December 1937 and consecrated on 2 January 1938; appointed archbishop of Tuam on 16 January 1940; retired on 31 January 1969; died on 20 June 1972
1969 1987 Joseph Cunnane Appointed on 31 January and consecrated on 17 March 1969; retired on 11 July 1987; died on 8 March 2001
1987 1994 Joseph Cassidy Translated from Clonfert on 22 August 1987; resigned as archbishop on 28 June 1994, but continued as apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until 5 March 1995
1995 present Michael Neary Appointed an auxiliary bishop of Tuam on 20 May 1992 and received episcopal ordaination on 13 September 1992; appointed archbishop of Tuam on 17 January 1995 and installed on 5 March 1995
Sources:[13][14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 374–375 .
  2. ^ History. Archdiocese of Tuam. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  3. ^ Cotton 1850, The Province of Connaught, pp. 4–12.
  4. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 318–320.
  5. ^ Fiants Ire. Eliz., nos. 198, 199; Tanner, Marcus. Ireland's Holy Wars: The Struggle for a Nation's Soul, 1500-2000. Yale University Press P86. 
  6. ^ Rigg, J.M. (1916–26). Calendar of state papers relating to English affairs : preserved principally at Rome in the Vatican archives and library. London - H M Stationery Office. p. 49, No. 108. 
  7. ^ Moran, History of the Catholic Archbishops of Dublin since the Reformation, page 86
  8. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 406 and 443.
  9. ^ a b Cotton 1850, The Province of Connaught, pp. 12–18.
  10. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 379 and 431.
  11. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 406–407.
  12. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 431–432.
  13. ^ Archdiocese of Tuam at Catholic-Hierarchy Retrieved on 1 November 2009.
  14. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 443–444.
  15. ^ Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 379–380.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cotton, Henry (1850). The Province of Connaught. Fasti Ecclesiae Hiberniae: The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Volume 4. Dublin: Hodges and Smith. 
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S. et al., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X.; Byrne, F. J., eds. (1984). Maps, Genealogies, Lists: A Companion to Irish History, Part II. New History of Ireland. Volume XI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-821745-5. 

External links[edit]