Archdeacon of Richmond

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The Archdeacon of Richmond is an archdiaconal post in the Church of England. It is under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Ripon and Leeds (until 1836 it was part of the Diocese of Chester).[1] It is divided into four rural deaneries.

History[edit]

It was created around the year 1088, and was endowed by Thomas, Archbishop of York.[2] It had the valuable impropriations of Easingwold, Bolton, Clapham, and Thornton Steward.[2] It was the wealthiest and most extensive Archdeaconry in the Kingdom, and originally comprised the western parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, as well as the greater portion of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland.[2] From 1127 onwards however, Henry I removed Allendale and Cumberland from the jurisdiction in order to form the See of Carlisle.[2] By way of compensation for this loss, Archbishop Thurstan conferred upon the Archdeacon all the privileges and prerogatives of a bishop, with the exception that he could not ordain, consecrate, or confirm.[2] The Archdeacon had his own Consistory court at Richmond, where wills were proved, licences and faculties granted, and all matters of ecclesiastical cognizance dealt with. He had also the sole supervision of the clergy within his jurisdiction, including institution to, and removal from, benefices.[2]

In 1541, Henry VIII established the bishopric of Chester, and the Archdeacon of Richmond's pastoral and judicial powers were transferred to York. The office of Archdeacon of Richmond was technically incorporated into the new bishopric.[2] However the changes affected by this action were slight, with the exception that its revenues underwent serious diminution, and its position was now that of a commissary, elected by the Bishop of Chester. The Archdeacon continued to enjoy the same authority, judicial and otherwise, which had been enjoyed by his predecessors.[2]

In 1836, the jurisdiction was transferred to the newly formed See of Ripon.[2] On January 1838, the consistory court of Richmond was abolished, along with all other peculiars.[2]

Upon the expected creation of the Diocese of Leeds, approved by the General Synod on 8 July 2013,[3] the archdeaconry will receive the territory of the Craven archdeaconry and be renamed Richmond and Craven;[4] it will then form the Ripon episcopal area.[5]

Archdeacons of Richmond[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Location: Diocesan Office: Archdeacon Of Richmond in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 5 February 2014)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.yorkshirecdbooks.com/pdf/RichmondshireChurchesIntroduction.pdf
  3. ^ The Church of England – Synod approves new Diocese of Leeds for West Yorkshire and The Dales
  4. ^ The Dioceses of Bradford, Ripon and Leeds and Wakefield Reorganisation Scheme 2013 pp. 5–6 (Accessed 4 February 2014)
  5. ^ Moving towards a new diocese for West Yorkshire and the Dales (Accessed 9 July 2013)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Greenaway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 6: York: Archdeacons: Richmond
  7. ^ List 13: Archdeacons - Richmond | British History Online
  8. ^ List 13: Archdeacons - Richmond | British History Online
  9. ^ a b Archdeacons - Richmond | British History Online
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Jones Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541: volume 6: Northern province (York, Carlisle and Durham): Archdeacons: Richmond
  11. ^ Kirby, J. L. "Wodehouse, robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29814.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Archdeacons - Richmond 1541-1847". British History Online. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  13. ^ "Charles Lutwidge Dodgson". The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  14. ^ "Archdeacons of Richmond". British History Online. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 

Sources[edit]