Archdeacon of St Andrews

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The Archdeacon of St Andrews was the head of the Archdeaconry of St Andrews, a sub-division of the Diocese of St Andrews, from the twelfth to the seventeenth century. The position was one of the most important positions within the medieval Scottish church; because of his area's large population and high number of parish churches, the Archdeacon of St Andrews may have exercised more power than many Scottish bishops. The following is a list of known archdeacons:

List of Archdeacons of St Andrews[edit]

  • Matthew, 1147 x 1152-1172[1]
  • Walter de Roxburgh, 1173-1179 x 1188
  • Hugh de Roxburgh, 1189 x 1194-1199
  • Ranulf de Wat, 1199-1209
  • Laurence de Thorenton, 1209-1238 x 1240
  • Adam, 1240-1248
  • Abel de Golynn, 1250-1254[2]
  • William Wishart, 1254-1273[3]
  • Alpín of Strathearn, 1278[4]
  • Gregory, 1279-1295
  • John Fraser, 1296-1297
  • Roger de Kingston, 1299
  • Adam de Mauchan/Machane, 1301-1304
  •  ?[5]
  • Robert de Lamberton, 1319-1323
  • James Bane, 1325-1328[3]
  • William de Lindsay 1330.
  • William de Pilmuir, 1340-1345 x 1353
  • Henry Stupy, x 1353.
  • William Wys, 1353-1354
  • William de Greenlaw, 1353-1373
    • William de Chisholm, 1367
  • John de Peebles (Peblis), 1374 -1378 x 1379
  • Andrew de Trebrun, 1378
  • Thomas Stewart, 1380-1430
  • George Newton 1430 x 1431-1433
  • Richard de Creich, 1430-1432.
  • Thomas de Myrton (Merton), 1431-1433
  • William de Foulis, 1432-1441
  • John Legat, 1443-1451
  • Hugh Kennedy, x 1452 (?), 1454
  • John Kennedy, 1454
  • Hugh Douglas, 1454-1456 x 1457
  • Walter Stewart, 1456 x 1457-1472 x 1474
  • Hugh Douglas, 1466
  • William Scheves 1472 x 1474-1478[6]
  • Robert Blackadder, 1477-1480[7]
  • Andrew Stewart, 1479
  • Alexander Inglis, 1480-1496[8]
  • Robert de Fontibus (Wells), 1497-1501
  • Alexander Stewart, 1502-1504[7]
  • Gavin Dunbar, 1504-1519[10]
  • Thomas Halkerston 1519-1521 x 1524
  • John Cantuly, 1524-1537
  • George Durie, 1526-1559[11]
  • Robert Pitcairn, 1539-1584[12]
  • George Young, 1584-1603
  • Alexander Gledstanes, 1612-1638

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Became Bishop of Aberdeen.
  2. ^ Became Bishop of St Andrews.
  3. ^ a b Became Bishop of St Andrews.
  4. ^ Became Bishop of Dunblane.
  5. ^ Seal of St Andrews archdeacon used in this year, but name unknown.
  6. ^ Became Archbishop of St Andrews.
  7. ^ a b Became Archbishop of St Andrews.
  8. ^ Was Bishop of Dunkeld (elect) in 1483, but failed to attain the bishopric.
  9. ^ The famous medieval philosopher; got provided after Alexander Inglis was elected as Bishop of Dunkeld; as this was unsuccessful, Inglis resumed his position as Archdeacon.
  10. ^ Became Bishop of Aberdeen.
  11. ^ Also Abbot of Dunfermline.
  12. ^ Also Abbot of Dunfermline.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969), pp. 304-9

See also[edit]