Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro

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Archdiocese of Jaro
Archdiocesis Jarensis
Arkdyosis ng Jaro
Jaro Cathedral.jpg
The front facade of the Cathedral showing the stairs above the door leading to the statue of Our Lady of Candles
Location
Country  Philippines
Territory Iloilo, Negros Occidental and Antique
Ecclesiastical province Iloilo
Statistics
Area 5,303 km2 (2,047 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2006)
2,287,393
2,104,402 (92%)
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established May 27, 1865 (Diocese), June 29, 1951 (Archdiocese)
Cathedral Cathedral of St Elizabeth of Hungary, Jaro, Iloilo City
Patron saint St Elizabeth of Hungary
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Angel Lagdameo
Map
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. The cathedral for the archdiocese, the Parish of Our Lady of Candles, also known as the Jaro Cathedral is in Jaro a district of Iloilo City, Iloilo on the island of Panay in the Western Visayas.

The Archdiocese of Jaro is one of the oldest dioceses in the country. It was created a diocese by virtue of a papal bull of Pope Pius IX on May 27, 1865, according to a document signed by Archbishop Gregorio Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila, under whole ecclesiastical province the new diocese belonged as suffragan. The Archdiocese of Jaro covers the provinces of Iloilo and Guimaras, an island off Iloilo. San Jose de Antique on Panay, San Carlos in Negros Occidental and Kabankalan in Negros Occidental, are suffragans.

The Archdiocese has ninety-one parishes, eighty-five of which are under the direction of the diocesan clergy, and six under the direction of the priests from religious orders. Out of a population of 1,761,419, 89% are Catholic. In 2009, the report of the government shows that it has a total population of 2,333,141. The province is predominantly rural with 72.7 percent of the total population residing in rural areas and only 27.3 percent in urban area. Agriculture, forestry and fishing are the leading major industries.

Its titutar patron saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary, whose feast is celebrated on November 17.

History[edit]

The diocese of Jaro whose Patron Saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary was officially erected by virtue of the Papal bull "Qui Ab Initio" of Pope Pius IX. The bull was issued in Rome on May 27, 1865.

On October 10, 1867 the decree took effect and Jaro was made an Episcopal See, according to the document signed by Dr. D. Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila and executor-delegate of the decree. It is worth noting that this "decretum executorium" was also signed by the Rev. Jose Burgos, Pro-Secretary, a secular priest who became one of the outstanding martyr-heroes of the country.

Jaro was separated from the now Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu and became a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Manila. Its territories at creation comprised the Islands of Panay, (now composed of the provinces of Iloilo, Capiz, Aklan, and Antique), Negros (now provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental), Romblon, Palawan and Jolo, and the provinces of Cotabato, Zamboanga and Davao on Mindanao. Sr. Dr. Fr. Mariano Cuartero, OP, became its first bishop on April 25, 1868.

In the 20th century the diocese was further divided to form new ecclesiastical jurisdictions. Zamboanga was made a Diocese in 1910 while Palawan was made an Apostolic Prelature in the same year; then Bacolod in 1933, Capiz in 1951 and finally the Prelature of San Jose, Antique in 1962 as suffragans.

Concurrently with the elevation of Jaro to an Archdiocese, the first Filipino Bishop, the Most Rev. Jose Maria Cuenco, DD, PhD, LIB, was raised to the rank of Metropolitan Archbishop, thereby making him the first Archbishop of Jaro.

On January 17, 1976, Pope Paul VI elevated Capiz to the rank of Archdiocese, with the dioceses of Romblon and Kalibo as its suffragans. The Archdiocese of Jaro was left with the dioceses of Bacolod (which eventually was divided into three (3) dioceses, to wit, Bacolod, San Carlos, and Kabankalan) and San Jose de Antique as its suffragans.

Last 2012, the relics of Saint Clare and the pilgrim image of St. Pedro Calungsod visited the Archdiocese.

Last March 15-17, 2013, the pilgrim relics of St. Therese of the Child Jesus visited the Archdiocese a third time.

Parish Churches and Shrines[edit]

Cathedral[edit]

Suffragan dioceses[edit]

Congregations of Men and Women in the Archdiocese of Jaro[edit]

Men[edit]

Women[edit]

Prelates of Jaro Archdiocese[edit]

Most Reverend Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D.

The Most Reverend Angel N. Lagdameo, D.D. (Born August 2, 1940) is the current archbishop and also president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines.

He was born in Lucban in the Province of Quezon in 1940. He attended the San Jose Seminary, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, a degree in Philosophy in 1954, and a degree in theology in 1965. On December 19, 1964, Lagdameo was ordained a priest in Lucena City.

On August 12, 1980, Father Lagdameo was ordained in Lucena Cathedral as the titular bishop of Oreto. He was an auxiliary bishop for the Archdiocese of Cebu from 1980 to 1986. In 1986, he was appointed the coadjutor bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Jaro

Archbishops of Jaro[edit]

The following is the list of bishops and archbishops of Jaro:

  • Mariano Cuartero y Medina, O.P. † (20 Sep 1867 Appointed - 16 Jul 1884 Died)
  • Leandro Arrúe Agudo, O.A.R. † (27 Mar 1885 Appointed - 24 Oct 1897 Died)
  • Andrés Ferrero Malo, O.A.R. † (24 Mar 1898 Appointed - 27 Oct 1903 Resigned)
  • Frederick Zadok Rooker † (12 Jun 1903 Appointed - 20 Sep 1907 Died)
  • Dennis Joseph Dougherty † (19 Apr 1908 Appointed - 6 Dec 1915 Appointed, Bishop of Buffalo, and later, Cardinal Archbishop of Philadelphia)
  • Maurice Patrick Foley † (6 Sep 1916 Appointed - 7 Aug 1919 Died)
  • James Paul McCloskey † (8 Mar 1920 Appointed - 10 Apr 1945 Died)
  • José Maria Cuenco † (24 Nov 1945 Appointed - 8 Oct 1972 Died)
  • Jaime Lachica Sin † (8 Oct 1972 Succeeded - 21 Jan 197; later appointed Cardinal Archbishop of Manila)
  • Artemio G. Casas † (11 May 1974 Appointed - 25 Oct 1985 Resigned)
  • Alberto Jover Piamonte † (2 Apr 1986 Appointed - 17 Dec 1998 Died)
  • Angel Lagdameo (11 Mar 2000 Appointed - )

Affiliated Bishops[edit]

Living

  • Fernando R. Capalla (Priest: 18 March 1961 to 2 April 1975)
  • Angel N. Lagdameo (Archbishop: 11 March 2000)
  • Jose Serofia Palma (Priest: 21 Aug 1976 to 28 Nov 1997)
  • Emmanuel Celeste Trance (Priest: 17 May 1978 to 14 May 2004)
  • Most Rev. Gerardo Alimane Alminaza, D.D.

Deceased

  • Leandro Arrúe Agudo, O.A.R. † (Bishop: 27 Mar 1885 to 24 Oct 1897)
  • Teofilo Bastida Camomot † (Auxiliary Bishop: 23 Mar 1955 to 10 Jun 1958)
  • Artemio G. Casas † (Archbishop: 11 May 1974 to 25 Oct 1985)
  • Mariano Cuartero y Medina, O.P. † (Bishop: 20 Sep 1867 to 16 Jul 1884)
  • José Maria Cuenco † (Auxiliary Bishop: 22 Nov 1941; Bishop: 24 Nov 1945; Archbishop: 29 Jun 1951 to 8 Oct 1972)
  • Dennis Joseph Dougherty † (Bishop: 19 Apr 1908 to 6 Dec 1915)
  • Andrés Ferrero Malo, O.A.R. † (Bishop: 24 Mar 1898 to 27 Oct 1903)
  • Maurice Patrick Foley † (Bishop: 6 Sep 1916 to 7 Aug 1919)
  • James Paul McCloskey † (Bishop: 8 Mar 1920 to 10 Apr 1945)
  • Juan Nicolasora Nilmar † (Auxiliary Bishop: 20 Feb 1959 to 3 Jan 1967)
  • Alberto Jover Piamonte † (Priest: 22 Mar 1958; Auxiliary Bishop: 28 Dec 1974; Archbishop: 2 Apr 1986 to 17 Dec 1998)
  • Frederick Zadok Rooker † (Bishop: 12 Jun 1903 to 20 Sep 1907)
  • Jaime Lachica Sin † (Priest: 3 Apr 1954; Auxiliary Bishop: 10 Feb 1967; Coadjutor Archbishop: 15 Jan 1972; Archbishop: 8 Oct 1972 to 21 Jan 1974)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]