Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1740–1741)
|Archduchess Maria Carolina|
|Extract from a portrait of Martin van Meytens, who represented the three daughters of Maria Theresa who died in infancy.|
|Father||Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Maria Theresa of Austria|
12 January 1740|
|Died||25 January 1741
Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (full name: Maria Carolina Ernestina Antonia Johanna Josepha; 12 January 1740 – 25 January 1741) was the third child and daughter of Maria Theresa, later Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and Duke Francis of Lorraine, later Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Maria Carolina was born on 12 January 1740 at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna. Her birth was a disappointment because everyone was hoping for this third pregnancy the needed male heir to the Habsburg realms. The child is baptized the same day of her birth. Eight months later, on 20 October 1740, her grandfather Emperor Charles VI died, and her mother inherited the Austrian and Bohemian lands, and with this began the War of the Austrian Succession.
The Archduchess suddenly became gravely ill on 24 January 1741 and died the next day. It appears she died of smallpox; however, the autopsy of the girl couldn't establish the exact cause of her death. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt, Vienna.
- Elfriede Iby, "Marie-Thérèse, biographie d'une souveraine".