Archduke Charles of Austria (1607–1632)

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For other people named Archduke Charles of Austria, see Archduke Charles of Austria (disambiguation).
House of Habsburg
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Charles of Austria (15 September 1607 – 30 July 1632) was infante of Spain, the second son of Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria.


Charles was the younger brother of Philip IV and as long as the King remained childless was heir to the Spanish throne. Charles was never a friend of Philip's favourite and prime minister, the Count-Duke of Olivares, and though he was uninterested in politics, he was used by various nobles in attempts to overthrow Olivares.

During his brother's severest illness, Charles was on the point of ascending the throne but Philip recovered and in 1629 finally fathered a son, Balthasar Charles. This dissipated Charles' political importance completely.

Charles was one of the era's most enigmatic characters due to his strange and possibly unhealthy personality.[clarification needed] He died in 1632, aged 25. Francisco de Quevedo dedicated a sonnet entitled The Burial of the Most Serene Infante Don Carlos to this event.


Charles's ancestors in three generations
Archduke Charles of Austria Father:
Philip III of Spain, II of Portugal
Father's father:
Philip II of Spain, I of Portugal
Father's father's father:
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's father's mother:
Isabella of Portugal
Father's mother:
Anna of Austria
Father's mother's father:
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's mother's mother:
Maria of Spain
Margaret of Austria
Mother's father:
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Mother's father's father:
Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother's father's mother:
Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Mother's mother:
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Mother's mother's father:
Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
Mother's mother's mother:
Anna of Austria