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Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria (German: Johann Salvator, Italian: Giovanni Salvatore; 25 November 1852 – presumed lost at sea 1890) was a member of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was Archduke and Prince of Austria, Prince of Hungary, Bohemia and Tuscany. After renouncing those titles, he was known as John Orth. He disappeared in 1890 and was declared dead in 1911.
On 16 October 1889, he resigned his army commission and renounced his title and the privileges he enjoyed as a member of the Austrian Imperial Family. After renouncing his titles he assumed the name John (or Johann) Orth, the surname Orth derived from the name of a castle he had owned, Schloss Orth.
In 1945, Alexander Hugo Køhler of Kristiansand, Norway, claimed on his deathbed that he was actually Johann Salvator; that Orth bought Køhler’s identity; and that it was Alexander Hugo Köhler (*22 Jan. 1861 at Eilenburg, Germany) that died in the shipwreck, Orth supposedly having purchased his identity papers and assuming his role as husband of Clara Josefin Levin and lithographer in Denmark some time before 1900. Køhler then engaged in marital infidelities and business improprieties in Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, passing on 6 May 1945, in Kristiansand.
In 2007, relatives of Køhler requested that Køhler's grave be opened so that a DNA test could be performed. Should Køhler and Johann Salvator actually be the same person, Køhler's descendants may be entitled to Johann Salvator's heritage, including Schloss Orth.