Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Archduke Karl Albrecht
Karl Albrecht Austria 1888 1951 photo1918.jpg
Archduke Karl Albrecht in 1918
Spouse Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona
Issue Prince Karl-Stefan
Princess Maria-Christina
Prince Karl Albrecht
Princess Renata
Full name
Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria
Mother Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany
Born (1888-12-18)18 December 1888
Pula, Austro-Hungary
Died 17 March 1951(1951-03-17) (aged 62)
near Stockholm, Sweden

Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria-Teschen (Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus von Österreich, later Karl Albrecht Habsburg-Lothringen, since 1919 – Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lotaryński; (Pula, 18 December 1888 – Östervik, nr. Stockholm, 17 March 1951).

Early life and career[edit]

He was an Austrian Archduke, the oldest son of Archduke Charles Stephen and Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany.

He was Żywiec landowner, Officer Colonel of Artillery of both the Imperial (k.u.k.) Austro-Hungarian Army (on Horse) and the Polish Army, and the 1,175th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1910, etc.[1]

In 1918 and again in 1939 he volunteered to the Polish Army. He fought in Polish–Soviet War.[2] In 1920 he commanded the Grudziądz Fortress. During German occupation of Poland, he declared Polish identity and refused to sign the Volksliste. He was imprisoned[2] in November 1939, kept in Cieszyn[citation needed] and tortured by Gestapo.[2] His wife was interned in Wisła. He left prison blind in one eye and half-paralyzed. In October 1942, Albrecht and his family were sent to a labor camp in Strausberg.[2] After liberation, he moved to Kraków and then to Sweden. His estate was confiscated in 1939 by the Nazis, and again in 1945 by the communists.[2]

Family and children[edit]

On 8 November 1920 he married morganatically Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona (Tullgarn, near Trosa, 18 December 1889 - Saltsjöbaden, near Stockholm, Sweden, 26 November 1985) in the Castle of Żywiec, Poland. Alice became the Princess von Altenburg (with the style Highness) on 15 December 1949, as a daughter of Oscar Carl Gustav Ankarcrona (10 June 1857 -), and his wife (m. 20 November 1886) Anna Elisabeth Aurora Carleson (5 November 1867 -).

Their children were:

  • Karl-Stefan Maximilian Ferdinand Narcissus Maria Prince of Altenburg (b. Balice, Poland, 29 October 1921 - ); married in Geneva, Switzerland on 18 September 1952 his first cousin, Maria-Louise Victoria Katharina Elisabeth af Petersens (b. Stockholm), 4 November 1910 - Östervik, Sweden, 27 May 1998), daughter of August af Petersens and wife, Victoria (Vera) Ankarcrona, and had two children:
    • Maria-Christina Ninfa Renata Margarita Isabella Clara Eugenia Anselma Princess of Altenburg (b. Stockholm, 21 April 1953 -), unmarried and without issue
    • Karl-Albrecht Ferdinand Leopold Philipp Joseph Rafael Maria Prince of Altenburg (b. Stockholm, 24 October 1956 - Zürich, Austria 26 May 1957)
  • Maria-Christina Immaculata Elisabeth Renata Alice Gabriela Princess of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 8 December 1923 – 2 October 2012, Żywiec, Poland unmarried and without issue.
  • Karl-Albrecht Maximilian Leo Maria Dominic Prince of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 4 August 1926 - Castle of Żywiec, Poland, 19 December 1928)
  • Renata Maria Theresia Alice Elisabeth Princess of Altenburg (b. Castle of Żywiec), Poland, 13 April 1931 -), married in Stockholm on 26 June 1957 Spanish Diplomat Eduardo de Zulueta y Dato (b. Paris, France 4 December 1923 -), and had issue.


Titles, styles, honours, and arms[edit]



  1. ^ Ribera, José António Moya, Costados, N.º 81
  2. ^ a b c d e Timothy Snyder. The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke. Basic Books. 2008.