Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria

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Maximilian
Archduke of Austria
Archduke Maximilian Eugen of Austria.jpg
Archduke Maximilian in 1917
Spouse Princess Franziska zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst
Issue
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria
Archduke Heinrich of Austria
Full name
Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich Philipp Ignatius Joseph
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Otto of Austria
Mother Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
Born (1895-04-13)13 April 1895
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 19 January 1952(1952-01-19) (aged 56)
Nice, France

Archduke Maximilian of Austria (Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich Philipp Ignatius Joseph Maria), Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 13, 1895, Vienna – January 19, 1952, Nice) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and the younger brother of the Emperor Charles I of Austria.

Life[edit]

Maximilian was the second son of Archduke Otto of Austria and Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony.[1]

In 1915 Maximilian was made a knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece by his great-uncle Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.

During World War I Maximilian served as a major in the Austro-Hungarian Army. He also had the rank of corvette captain in the Austro-Hungarian Navy.[2]

In February 1917 Maximilian was sent to Berlin to formally notify the German Emperor Wilhelm II of the accession of Maximilian's brother Charles as Emperor of Austria.[3]

In June 1918 Maximilian led the Austrian assault on the Dosso Alto. The air pressure of a shell which landed near him broke his ear-drum and caused a certain deafness.[4] Maximilian was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold (with the war decoration and swords) for the Austrian victory.[5][6] However, in August the Italians re-captured the Dosso Alto.[7]

At the end of World War I Maximilian escaped from Austria before he could be arrested.[6] In December 1918 some monarchists suggested that he succeed his brother as emperor.[6][8] Maximilian and his family were given permission to live in Switzerland on condition that he did not engage in political activity.[6] The family then moved to Bavaria where they lived in Munich and along Lake Starnberg. Later they moved to France.

In exile Maximilian sometimes used the aliases Count Wernberg and Count von Kyburg.[6] He graduated from law school and earned the degree Doctor of Laws.[2]

In April 1922 Maximilian attended the funeral of his brother Charles in Funchal, Madeira.[9] In June 1923 Maximilian sued his late brother's secretary Baron von Steiner for fraud in the sale of some family jewels.[10]

In November 1930 Maximilian attended the ceremony in Ham, Belgium commemorating the coming-of-age of his nephew Otto.[11]

In November 1933 the government of the Austrian Republic gave permission for Maximilian to reside in Austria.[12]

Maximilian died in 1952 of a heart attack in a hotel in Nice; he was 56.[6] His remains lie in a sarcophagus in the crypt of the schloss church in Altshausen (the burial place of the dukes of Württemberg).[13]

Marriage and children[edit]

Maximilian married on November 29, 1917 in Schloss Laxenburg (near Vienna), Princess Franziska zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, daughter of Prince Konrad of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst and Countess Franziska von Schönborn-Buchheim.[1]

Maximilian and Franziska had two children:

  • Archduke Ferdinand (1918, Vienna - 2004, Ulm) married in 1956 to Countess Helene zu Törring-Jettenbach (born 1937), daughter of Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark. They had two daughters and one son:[1]
  • Archduke Heinrich (1925, Munich - 2014, Zurich) married in 1961 to Countess Ludmilla von Galen (born 1939). They had three sons and one daughter:[1]
    • Archduke Philipp (born 1962) married Mayasuni Heath
    • Archduchess Marie-Christine (born 1964) married Clemens Guggenberg von Riedhofen
    • Archduke Ferdinand (born 1965) married Countess Katharina von Hardenberg
    • Archduke Konrad (born 1971) married Ashmita Goswami

Title[edit]

Maximilian's official title in German was Seine Kaiserliche und Königliche Hoheit Erzherzog Maximilian Eugen Ludwig Friedrich Philipp Ignatius Joseph, Königlicher Prinz von Ungarn und Böhmen.

Ancestors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Daniel Willis, The Descendants of Louis XIII, Chapter 6: The Imperial Family of Austria (Clearfield, 1999): 508-509.
  2. ^ a b Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser Band I (Glücksburg: C.A. Starke, 1951): 92.
  3. ^ "Imperial and Foreign News Items", The Times (February 3, 1917): 7.
  4. ^ "Emperor's Brother Injured", The Times (June 24, 1918): 9.
  5. ^ "Charles Decorates His Brother", New York Times (June 24, 1918): 2.
  6. ^ a b c d e f ""Maximilian Is Dead on French Riviera", New York Times (January 9, 1952): 15.
  7. ^ "The Austrian Reverse by Lake Garda", The Times (August 6, 1918): 3.
  8. ^ "Vienna Royalists Active", New York Times (December 18, 1918): 2.
  9. ^ Gordon Brook-Shepherd, Uncrowned Emperor: The Life and Times of Otto von Habsburg (London: Hambledon and London, 2003), 72.
  10. ^ "Sues Habsburg Secretary", New York Times (June 6, 1923): 20.
  11. ^ Brook-Shepherd, 77.
  12. ^ "Telegrams in Brief", The Times (November 3, 1933): 13.
  13. ^ Royalty Travel Guide: Altshausen Schlosskirche.

External links[edit]