Archduke Rainer of Austria (Rainer Karl Leopold Blanka Anton Margarete Beatrix Peter Joseph Raphael Michael Ignaz Stephan) Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Prince of Tuscany; ( Zagreb, 21 November 1895 – Vienna, 25 May 1930) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
Rainer was the fourth child and eldest son of
Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany and Infanta Blanca of Spain (daughter of Carlos, Duke of Madrid). He was born in Agram (the historic Austrian-German name for what is now the city of Zagreb in Croatia).
During World War I Rainer served as a lieutenant of artillery in the
Austro-Hungarian Army. After the fall of the [1 ] Habsburg Monarchy and the establishment of the First Austrian Republic, he renounced his rights to the Austrian throne in order that he could remain in Austria. [1 ] Henceforward he used the name [2 ] Rainer Habsburg. He lived in an apartment in the [3 ] Palais Toskana, but also retained properties in Zagreb, [4 ] and in [1 ] Galicia, and at [3 ] Schloss Hernstein. [3 ]
In Vienna, Rainer operated a garage.
He also organized a system for film reels to be transported by motorcycle from one theater to another enabling more than one theater to share the same film. [4 ] [5 ]
In May 1921 it was reported that there had been protests against Rainer at Schloss Hernstein.
In August 1921 he was arrested in [3 ] Ljubljana (then in Yugoslavia, now in Slovenia) on a charge of forging a passport. [1 ]
On 6 April 1922, Rainer and his father were present at the
requiem mass celebrated in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna for the soul of the Emperor Charles I of Austria. They reportedly led a demonstration with cries of "Down with the Republic", and marched to the [6 ] Austrian Parliament Building demanding that the flag be lowered to half-mast in honour of Austria's former sovereign.
In 1930 Rainer died in the Wiedner Hospital in Vienna from the effects of
blood poisoning; he was 35. [5 ] His remains were buried in the [7 ] Imperial Crypt of the Capuchin Church in Vienna. He was the first member of the Habsburg family to be buried in the crypt since the Emperor [8 ] Franz Joseph I in 1916. Among those present for the funeral were his parents, Archduke Leopold Salvator and Archduchess Blanca, his father's brother [2 ] Archduke Franz Salvator of Austria with his sons Hubert and Klemens, his mother's uncle Infante Alfonso Carlos of Spain and his wife Infanta Maria das Neves of Portugal, and Dr. Ignaz Seipel (former Chancellor of Austria). [9 ]
In 1962 Rainer's sarcophagus was moved to the Neue Gruft (New Crypt) where it lies next to the sarcophagus of his father.
Ancestry [ edit ]
Ancestors of Archduke Rainer of Austria (1895–1930)
Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Princess Luisa of the Two Sicilies
Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Maria Isabella of Spain
Archduke Leopold Salvator, Prince of Tuscany
Francis I of the Two Sicilies (= 18)
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
Maria Isabella of Spain (= 19)
Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen
Maria Theresa of Austria
Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg
Archduke Rainer of Austria, Prince of Tuscany
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
Juan, Count of Montizón
Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Infanta Blanca of Spain
Charles II, Duke of Parma
Charles III, Duke of Parma
Princess Maria Teresa of Savoy
Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma
Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry
Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France
Princess Caroline Ferdinande Louise of the Two Sicilies
^ a b c d "Austrian Archduke Jailed", New York Times (24 August 1921): 4.
^ a b "Austrian Archduke Buried", New York Times (3 June 1930): 35.
^ a b c d "Habsburgs Not Wanted", The Times (17 May 1921): 8.
^ a b "Vienna Knows Not Archduke Leopold", New York Times (12 January 1927):6 .
^ a b "Archduke Rainer of Austria Dead", New York Times (26 May 1930): 15.
^ "The Habsburg Funeral", The Times (7 April 1922): 11.
^ "Todesfall", Wiener Zeitung (27. Mai 1930): 3.
^ "To Be Buried as Habsburg", New York Times (29 May 1930): 31.
^ "Das Begräbnis des ehemaligen Erzherzogs Rainer Karl Salvator", Wiener Zeitung (3. Juni 1930): 7.
Maximilian I Archduke John
Archduke Lorenz*** Archduke Gerhard***
Archduke Karl Philipp
Archduke Raimund Joseph
Archduke Carl Christian Archduke Karl Peter
Archduke Simeon Archduke Johannes
Archduke Maximilian Heinrich
Archduke Philipp Joachim
Archduke Ferdinand Karl
Archduke Sigismund** Archduke Georg**
Archduke Alexander Salvator**
Archduke Thaddäus Salvator**
Archduke Casimir Salvator**
Archduke Joseph Albrecht
Archduke Paul Leo
Archduke Friedrich Cyprian
Archduke Benedikt Alexander
Archduke Paul Benedikt
Archduke Ferdinand Zvonimir
Archduke Karl Konstantin
Archduke Joachim*** Archduke Bartholomaeus***
Archduke Felix Carl
Archduke Andreas Franz
Archduke Paul Johannes
Archduke Carl Christian
Archduke Franz Ludwig
Archduke Lorenz Carl
Archduke Jacob Maximilian
Archduke Leopold Amedeo**
Archduke Constantin Salvator**
Archduke Paul Salvator**
* also an infante of Spain
** also a prince of Tuscany
*** also a prince of Modena
Prince Leopold Franz* Prince Guntram*
Prince Stephan* Prince Dominic*
Prince Friederich Salvator*
Prince Andreas Salvator*
Prince Franz Salvator*
Prince Karl Salvator*
Prince Sigismund* Prince Georg*
Prince Alexander Salvator*
Prince Thaddäus Salvator*
Prince Casimir Salvator*
Prince Leopold Amedeo*
Prince Constantin Salvator*
Prince Paul Salvator*
* also an archduke of Austria