|Series||The Chronicles of Narnia|
|Creator||C. S. Lewis|
|King||Lune, Cor, etc.|
In C. S. Lewis's fantasy novels the Chronicles of Narnia, Archenland is a nation to the south of Narnia, and to the north of both nations' occasional (and final) enemy, Calormen. Its borders are formed by mountains to the north and by the River Winding Arrow to the south. Its capital appears to be the castle located below the Anvard pass, which allows passage to Narnia.
Archenland is described as a hilly nation constituting largely open parkland, with many different species of trees, but the trees are not spaced close enough together to form forests. Despite a large desert being situated immediately to the south, Archenland does not have an arid climate. The mountain range to the north which divides Archenland from Narnia includes Stormness Head and the double-peaked Mount Pire, which was once a two-headed giant slain by the warrior Olvin.
Castle Anvard 
Anvard is the moatless castle where King Lune of Archenland resides. It is made of red-brown stones and sits on a green lawn in front of a high woody ridge. In The Horse and His Boy, the wicked Prince Rabadash led a force of two hundred horsemen in a siege against its occupants but was defeated by King Edmund and captured. Castle Anvard would stay the home of the kings and queens of Archenland long after the reign of King Lune thanks to King Edmund.
In The Horse and His Boy, which is set fourteen Narnian years after the main events of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, during the reign of High King Peter and his siblings (and one year before the end of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe), Archenland is allied with Narnia, and is inhabited by humans. Narnia by contrast is at that time populated almost entirely by talking animals. King Lune had twin sons, Cor and Corin, but Cor was kidnapped and did not return till years later. Prince Rabadash of Calormen unsuccessfully attempts to conquer this land as the prelude to kidnapping Queen Susan and a planned invasion of Narnia, but this failed due to Cor warning King Lune.
It is said in The Magician's Nephew that the second son of King Frank, the first king of Narnia, became the first king of Archenland; Aslan himself had decreed Archenland's existence to Frank before he took the throne. However, in Lewis's Narnian timeline, King Col of Archenland is said to be the son of King Frank V of Narnia, and he settles Archenland 180 years after Narnia's creation. Unlike Narnia, Archenland keeps its line of rulers unbroken at least as late as the time of The Horse and His Boy, and the main character of The Horse and His Boy, Shasta, is of this line. Archenland still exists at the time of The Last Battle.
The following are known Kings of Archenland; it can be assumed that there were other kings and queens since Archenland history spans 2,335 years.
- King Col (son of King Frank V of Narnia), fl. 180
- The warrior Fair Olvin (fl. 407) is sometimes listed as a King of Archenland, but this is not stated by Lewis.
- King Lune, fl. 1014
- King Cor, son of Lune, married to Aravis of Calormen, d. c.1050
- King Ram the Great, son of Cor and Aravis, reigned from 1050
- King Nain, fl. 2303
- Manguel, Alberto; Gianni Guadalupi (2000). The Dictionary of Imaginary Places (Newly updated and expanded ed.). San Diego: Harcourt. p. 31. ISBN 0-15-600872-6.
- Duriez, Colin (2004). A field guide to Narnia. InterVarsity Press. pp. 168–169. ISBN 0-8308-3207-6.
- Sammons, Martha C. (2004). A Guide Through Narnia (rev. ed.). Regent College Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 1-57383-308-8.