Archer-class patrol vessel

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For other ship classes of the same name, see Archer class.
P2000 Class Royal Navy Patrol Vessel HMS Raider MOD 45151351.jpg
HMS Raider, 2009
Class overview
Name: Archer class
Builders: Watercraft Marine
Vosper Thornycroft
Ailsa Shipbuilding Company
Operators: United Kingdom Royal Navy
Succeeded by: Scimitar class
In commission: 1985 –
Active: 16
General characteristics
Type: Patrol boat & training vessel
Displacement: 54 tonnes[1]
Length: 20.8 m
Beam: 5.8 m
Draught: 1.8 m
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 14 kn (26 km/h)
  • 25 kn (46 km/h) (Tracker & Raider)
  • 45 kn (83 km/h) (Hull design, but limited due to engine fitted)
Range:
  • 550 nmi (1,020 km)
Complement:
  • 18 (training)[N 1]
  • 12 (operational)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Decca 1216 navigation radar
Armament:

The Archer class (or P2000) is a class of patrol and training vessel in service with the United Kingdom's Royal Navy, commonly referred to as a Fast Training Boat.[2] Most are assigned to University Royal Naval Units, although HMS Tracker and HMS Raider are armed and provide maritime force protection to high value shipping in the Firth of Clyde.

Development[edit]

Ten vessels were ordered as the P2000 class, based on a design of an Omani coastguard cutter, from Watercraft Marine. They are twin-shaft vessels with moulded glass-reinforced plastic hulls. After that company went into liquidation, the balance of the order was completed by Vosper Thornycroft.

The Archers were initially used as Royal Navy patrol craft and as training tenders for the Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) and University Royal Naval Units (URNU). Four identical vessels were ordered for the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service (RNXS) as Example-class tenders. When that service was disbanded in 1994, the Examples were transferred to the Royal Navy for similar duties as their Archer-class brethren (under the same names under which they served as "XSVs", all of which begin with the first syllable "Ex"). Until 2005, the 4 Examples were still painted with a black hull.

In 1998 two additional vessels (Raider and Tracker) of this design were commissioned into the Royal Navy from Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, to replace Loyal Watcher and Loyal Chancellor as URNU training vessels for the two newest URNUs, serving Cambridge and Oxford Universities respectively (Raider was later transferred to Bristol URNU whilst Trumpeter became the ship of Cambridge URNU). This brought the total of Archer class vessels in the Royal Navy to 16, of which 14 form the 1st Patrol Boat Squadron (formerly the Inshore Training Squadron), each one attached to an URNU (one per unit) under the command of a Lieutenant. The remaining 2 vessels (Pursuer and Dasher), having formed the Cyprus Squadron from 2003 to 2010, and URNU vessels before that,[3] returned to the UK in April 2010 to form the Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron, performing security duties within HMNB Clyde.

In 2012 Dasher and Pursuer were replaced by Raider and Tracker - these can be identified by a number of pintle-mounted L7 7.62 mm GPMG machine guns and armour plating. Ranger and Trumpeter were also formerly allocated to the Gibraltar Squadron for guard ship and search and rescue duties, but were replaced by the dedicated Scimitar class. These two ships were also used during the Thames River Pageant, escorting the Royal Barge during the Queens Diamond Jubilee. Unlike the remainder of the class, both these ships remain capable of being mounted with a 20 mm cannon on the fo'c'sle.

The NATO designation of a P2000 is "PBR", denoting a "Patrol Boat - Riverine and Harbours".

Vessels in the class[edit]

HMS Dasher pictured whilst escorting the nuclear submarine HMS Vanguard (S28) to her berth at HMNB Clyde
Name Pennant number Builder Commissioned Deployment Status
Archer P264 Watercraft Marine, Shoreham-by-Sea 1985 East of Scotland URNU In active service
Biter P270 Watercraft Marine 1986 Manchester URNU In active service
Smiter P272 Watercraft Marine 1988 Oxford URNU In active service
Pursuer P273 Vosper Thornycroft, Woolston 1988 Glasgow URNU In active service
Blazer P279 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Southampton URNU In active service
Dasher P280 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Bristol URNU In active service
Puncher P291 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 London URNU In active service
Charger P292 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Liverpool URNU In active service
Ranger P293 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Sussex URNU In active service
Trumpeter P294 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Cambridge URNU In active service
Example (ex-XSV Example) P165 (ex-A153) Watercraft Marine 1985 Northumbrian URNU In active service
Explorer (ex-XSV Explorer) P164(ex-A154) Watercraft Marine 1986 Yorkshire URNU In active service
Express (ex-XSV Express) P163 (ex-A163) Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Wales URNU In active service
Exploit (ex-XSV Exploit) P167 (ex-A167) Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Birmingham URNU In active service
Tracker P274 Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, Troon 1998 Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron In active service
Raider P275 Ailsa Shipbuilding Company 1998 Faslane Patrol Boat Squadron In active service

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 5 ship's company, 1 training officer, 12 URNU students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Navy - Patrol Boats - Archer class, royalnavy.mod.uk, Retrieved 14 June 2014
  2. ^ "Ships of the Royal Navy - Archer Class Patrol and Training Vessel". Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2010. An interesting quirk of the Archer class is that although the regular crew have their own cabins, the Midshipmen sleep in the gun-room. Traditionally this is where midshipmen have always been berthed but in the Archer class it is literally true as they sleep in the magazine of the Archer class. Since such trips only occur in times of peace, the gun which an Archer class vessel is capable of carrying is not fitted and so there is no other use for the magazine. 
  3. ^ Pursuer was allocated to Sussex URNU, Dasher to Bristol URNU. They were replaced by Ranger and Trumpeter respectively in 2004

Bibliography[edit]

  • Britain's Modern Royal Navy, Paul Beaver, Patrick Stephens Limited, 1996, ISBN 1-85260-442-5
  • Today's Royal Navy in Colour, Jeremy Flack, Greenwich Editions, 1996, ISBN 0-86288-089-0

External links[edit]