Archiac

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Archiac
Archiac Town Centre
Archiac Town Centre
Coat of arms of Archiac
Coat of arms
Archiac is located in France
Archiac
Archiac
Coordinates: 45°31′21″N 0°18′20″W / 45.5225°N 0.3056°W / 45.5225; -0.3056Coordinates: 45°31′21″N 0°18′20″W / 45.5225°N 0.3056°W / 45.5225; -0.3056
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Jonzac
Canton Archiac
Intercommunality Haute-Saintonge
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Carole Blanchard
Area
 • Land1 4.48 km2 (1.73 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 812
 • Population2 density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17016 / 17520
Elevation 48–116 m (157–381 ft)
(avg. 111 m or 364 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Archiac is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Archiacais or Archiacaises[1]

Geography[edit]

Archiac is located in the south of the department of Charente-Maritime in the former province of Saintonge some 20 km south of Cognac and 15 km north-west of Saint-Hilaire. The village is located at the intersection of two main highways: the D699 from Arthenac in the south-west to Ambleville in the north-east; and the D731 from Cierzac in the north-west which continues south-east from the village. The north-eastern border of the commune is also the border between Charente-Maritime and Charente departments. Other access roads include the D149 which is a short-cut connection between the D699 and the D733 west of the village and the D152 which goes south from the village to Saint-Maigrin. There are also the hamlets of La Grue and Saint-Pierre north-east of the village. Apart from some wooded areas near the village the commune is entirely farmland.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

  • In the reign of Charlemagne Archiac was the seat of a viguerie. [ref. needed]
  • Upon the removal of Emma, the wife of the lord of Cognac, by the lord of Barbezieux in the 11th century, the Lord of Archiac gave them asylum: the castle was attacked, taken, and burnt.[3]
  • In 1219 the Lord of Archiac was Guillaume d'Archiac. During the Hundred Years War the castle was taken and retaken then became a den of Anglo-Gascon thieves before being taken and demolished.
  • In 1609 the Barony of Archiac was raised to a marquisate.
  • It was forbidden for the Protestant ministers Jacques Fountaines and Jean Hoummeau to preach and the temple was demolished in 1673.[3]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Archiac
Blazon:

Gules, two pales vairé, in chief Or.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1989 1995 Jacques Dusaud
1995 2008 François Robin DVD
2008 2014 Carole Blanchard

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 812 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,427 1,533 1,558 1,691 925 965 1,002 1,066 1,124
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,148 1,263 1,227 1,172 1,178 1,110 1,097 974 927
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
855 874 802 728 805 793 779 750 737
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
813 856 890 868 837 864 823 812 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Arthenac was part of the Archiac commune until they were separated in 1831.[5]

Population of Archiac

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (32.4%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). As for the national and departmental levels, the female population of the commune is higher than the male population. The ratio (53.2%) is higher than the national ratio (51.6%).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Archiac and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Archiac Archiac Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 15.8 14.4 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 15.5 16.0 16.5 14.4
30 to 44 Years 17.4 16.0 18.7 17.9
45 to 59 Years 20.8 19.7 21.0 20.8
60 to 74 Years 16.8 13.9 17.2 17.8
75 to 89 Years 12.9 16.4 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 0.8 3.7 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Sites and Monuments[edit]

General view of the church of Saint-Pierre
  • The parish church of Saint-Pierre has a fragment of sculpture from the Middle Ages which depicts a mitred head and which was declared a classified object on 8 March 1994.[6]
  • Dolmen near Lavaure. [ref. needed]
  • Now disappeared, a castle from the 9th century, repaired in the 11th century, included the chapels of Our Lady and Saint-Martin. [ref. needed]
  • The House of the Vine and Fragrances[7]

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

Archiac is the birthplace of Cardinal Simon d'Archiac (14th century).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente-Maritime (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ a b History of Cognac, Jarnac and Segonzac, Father Cousin, 1882, reprinted 2007, ISBN 2.84618.496.8 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France
  5. ^ Communal Notice Ldh/EHESS/Casini
  6. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM17000628 Bishop Statue (French)
  7. ^ The House of the Vine and Fragrances website (French)