Archibald Cameron Macdonell

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Sir Archibald Cameron Macdonell KCB, CMG, DSO, LLD
Archibald Cameron Macdonell.jpg
Born (1864-10-06)October 6, 1864
Windsor, Canada West
Died (1941-12-23) December 23, 1941 (age 72)
Kingston, Ontario
Allegiance Canada
Service/branch Canadian Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Unit 84th, the Royal Highland Emigrant Regiment, Butler's Rangers
Commands held 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, 1st Canadian Division. Commandant of Royal Military College.
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order

Lieutenant General Sir Archibald Cameron Macdonell, KCB CMG DSO (6 October 1864 – 23 December 1941) was a Canadian police officer and soldier.

Education[edit]

He was born in Windsor, Canada West. He was educated at Trinity College School, Port Hope, Ontario, and graduated from the Royal Military College of Canada in 1886, student number 151. He received a commission in the Royal Artillery but resigned for family reasons without actually joining.

Military service[edit]

Macdonell became a Lieutenant in the Canadian Militia on 26 June 1886. He joined the Regular Canadian Army as a Lieutenant in the Canadian Mounted Infantry, Permanent Corps of Canada, on 6 April 1888.

He exchanged into the North-West Mounted Police in September 1889, and was Adjutant of the whole force. He was in command of C Division and the Battleford District. He volunteered into the 2nd Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles for service in South Africa during the Second Boer War in January 1900, as Captain, and was promoted Major in May 1900. He was awarded a DSO for his actions with 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles in South Africa.

He fought with the 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles and was commander of the 5th Battalion Canadian Mounted Rifles.

Macdonell was Commanding Officer of the Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) regiment, during the periods March 1907 to April 1910 and April 1912 to December 1915.

He was the Commander 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade and 1st Canadian Division during the First World War. Sir Archie had been awarded the Order- Knight Commander, The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (military division) [hence the post-nominals, KCB] for his service in the First World War. This grade of the Order conferred Knighthood and the right to bear the title, “Sir”. He was awarded the neck badge and the Breast Star of a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.

After being promoted to Brigadier-General, he commanded the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and in June 1917 the 1st Canadian Division. Pierre Berton described MacDonnell in the book Vimy: MacDonell was known as a front-line soldier; indeed, (28 year old intelligence officer Hal) Wallis was to say he spent as much time at the front with his brigadier as he had in his days as a private. Not for nothing did the men of the 7th call MacDonell "Fighting Mac" and sometimes "Batty Mac" because of his eccentricities under fire. Everybody knew the story of how he'd gone so far into No Man's Land that a sniper put a bullet in his arm. Instead of ducking, Batty Mac had stood up swearing, shaking his unwounded arm angrily at the sniper, who immediately put another bullet in his good arm. And everybody also knew that MacDonell, at the Somme, had insisted on walking among the wounded after the attack on the Regina Trench, unmindful of the enemy shells, to salute the corpses of the Black Watch. A sentimental Scot who sometimes swore in Gaelic in moments of great pressure, MacDonell stopped at every corpse and said "I salute you, my brave Highlander," until Wallis managed to pull him to safety.

A Presentation General Officer sword, which he was awarded on May 1919 by the Officers of the 1st Canadian Division, 'The Older Patch' is in the collection of the Royal Military College of Canada virtual museum [1]

Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment Royal Canadians plaque @ Royal Military College of Canada

From 1919-25, he was appointed Commandant of the RMC. He was the first Canadian Commandant at the College. When the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment was disbanded in 1922, they gave their silver plate, in trust, to the Government of Canada, which in turn, placed the collection, in trust, with then Commandant Archibald Macdonell. Some pieces are on display in the College's Senior Staff Mess, and other select pieces are on display at the Royal Military College of Canada Museum. A plaque in the Senior Staff Mess, enumerates Regiment's locations of service.

On his retirement from the Army in 1925, he was promoted to Lieut-General in recognition of his years of service. From 8 May 1922 until his death in January 1942, he was Honorary Colonel to Lord Strathcona's Horse.[2]

He was placed on the Reserve of Officers as a Lieutenant General.[2]

He died in 1942 and was buried in Catarqui Cemetery in Kingston, Ontario.

Legacy[edit]

Lt Gen Sir Archibald Cameron Macdonell Coat of Arms, Currie Building, Royal Military College of Canada

The Sir Archibald Macdonell Athletic Centre or SAM Centre, which opened in 1974, at the RMC in Kingston, Ontario is named after Lieutenant-General, Sir A.C. Macdonell, KCB, CMG, DSO, C de G. His cocked bi-corn hat, a form of headdress worn by Colonels, General Officers and Staff Officers, with red and white feathers for Generals, is on display at the Kingston Military Community Sports Centre.

The personal Coat of Arms of Lt Gen Sir Archibald Cameron Macdonell were carved on the Currie Building at the Royal Military College of Canada.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ganguy.jalbum.net/Diaries%20and%20Memorabilia/
  2. ^ a b Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) Regimental Manual, Second Edition © Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians) Regimental Society, 2004
Academic offices
Preceded by
Brigadier Charles Francis Constantine
Commandant of the Royal Military College of Canada
1919-1925
Succeeded by
Brigadier-General Charles N. Perreau