Archibald Meston

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Archibald Meston, 1890s

Archibald Meston (26 March 1851 – 11 March 1924) was an Australian politician, civil servant, journalist, naturalist and explorer.

Personal life[edit]

Archibald Meston was born at Towie, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, the son of Alexander Meston.[1]

Meston migrated with his parents to Sydney in 1859, his family subsequently taking up farming at Ulmarra, New South Wales on the Clarence River.[2][3]

Meston married Margaret Frances Prowse Shaw in Sydney in 22 August 1871.[1][4]

After a long and varied career, Meston retired to Brisbane where he died (a pauper) of tetanus on 11 March 1924. Meston was survived by his wife and, out of seven children, by four sons and a daughter. He is buried in South Brisbane Cemetery.[5]

Professional and public life[edit]

In 1874, after travelling from New South Wales, he managed Dr Waugh's Pearlwell sugar plantation at St Lucia on the Brisbane River. The site is now part of the University of Queensland grounds

From 1875 to 1881 he was editor of the Ipswich Observer. He was later the editor of The Toowoomba Chronicle.[5]

From 1878 to 1882 he represented Rosewood in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland,[6] where he was a strong supporter of Queensland Premier Thomas McIlwraith.[5]

He lost his seat when a civil court case resulted in bankruptcy.

In 1881 he moved to Far North Queensland where he edited the Townsville Herald for a short time before moving to Cairns where he was editor of the The Cairns Post and lived on the Barron River until 1889.[2][5]

Although he claimed to be interested in sugar-growing, he never actually did so, and made his living from journalism, speculation and property management.

In January 1889 Meston led a government expedition to the Bellenden Ker Range and explored its summit. The expedition was considered a success, and this led to further official engagements.

In 1894 he was commissioned to investigate the conditions of Aboriginals in Queensland; despite his consequent proposals, little of his ideas were embodied in the Aboriginal Protection and Restrictions of the Sale of Opium Act 1897. Meston was, from 1898 to 1903, the Southern Protector of Aboriginals for Queensland.

In 1910 he was appointed director of the Queensland Government Tourist Bureau in Sydney.[2]

Throughout his life he was a prolific writer and, in addition to the newspapers he edited, he published frequently in The Queenslander, The Brisbane Courier and many other papers.[5]

Commemorations[edit]

Archibald Meston is commemorated in the names of two plants collected by him on Bellenden Ker, Garcinia mestonii and Piper mestonii.[2][3]

In 1936, a portrait of Archibald Meston, painted by artist and friend B.E. Minns, was purchased through public subscription and donated to the Queensland National Art Gallery (now the Queensland Art Gallery).[7]

Meston Street in Mitchelton, Brisbane was named after him in 1938.[8]

Publications[edit]

Apart from numerous writings as a journalist, as well as official reports to government authorities, several books were published by Meston:

  • 1890 - Queensland Railway and Tourist Guide. Queensland Railway Commissioners: Brisbane.
  • 1895 - Geographic History of Queensland. Dedicated to the Queensland People. Queensland Government: Brisbane.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family Notices.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 25 August 1871. p. 1. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Stephens, S.E., (1974), "Meston, Archibald (1851 - 1924)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, Melbourne University Press, pp 243-244.[1]
  3. ^ a b Australian National Herbarium biography: Archibald Meston
  4. ^ "New South Wales Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages". Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "MR. A. MESTON.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 12 March 1924. p. 6. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Alphabetical Register of Members of the Legislative Assembly 1860–2012 and of the Legislative Council 1860–1922". Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "GIFT TO ART GALLERY.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 31 October 1936. p. 7. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "RENAMING STREETS.". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 3 November 1938. p. 2. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 

External links[edit]