Archingeay

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Archingeay
Archingeay is located in France
Archingeay
Archingeay
Coordinates: 45°55′54″N 0°42′17″W / 45.9317°N 0.7047°W / 45.9317; -0.7047Coordinates: 45°55′54″N 0°42′17″W / 45.9317°N 0.7047°W / 45.9317; -0.7047
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente-Maritime
Arrondissement Saint-Jean-d'Angély
Canton Saint-Savinien
Intercommunality Pays Savinois
Government
 • Mayor (2009–2014) Jean-Claude Denner
Area
 • Land1 16.61 km2 (6.41 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 637
 • Population2 density 38/km2 (99/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 17017 / 17380
Elevation 2–47 m (6.6–154.2 ft)
(avg. 24 m or 79 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Archingeay is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcantois or Arcantoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Archingeay is located some 32 km south of Surgeres and 30 km east of Rochefort. Access to the commune is by the D114 road which branches off the D739E south of Tonnay-Boutonne and continues south through the commune and village to Saint-Savinien. The D122 also goes south-west from the village to join the D124 which continues to Bords. The D122E1 also goes east from the village to Beaujouet. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of:

  • Charnais
  • Cheniers
  • Chez Bayeau
  • Chez Brandeau
  • Chez Brard
  • Chez Pepin
  • Chez Trancard
  • Coulon
  • Fontaudet
  • L'Aiguille
  • Le Mouton
  • Le Tricholet
  • Les Pavageauds
  • Port L'Aubier

The commune is mixed forest and farmland.

The Boutonne river forms much of the north-western border of the commune with a network of irrigation canals covering the western part of the commune. Le Pepin stream rises south of the village and flows west into the Boutonne.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name may come from the name of the Roman general Arcantius.

History[edit]

This commune had an Abbey which has completely disappeared.

In the past, Archingeay enjoyed a flourishing period, mainly due to a hot spring near the Chateau of the Valley to the west of Archingeay and renowned for its therapeutic properties (digestive diseases, skin etc.). Among other famous spa guests, the Roman general Arcantius took its waters.

Until the attack of phylloxera there was manufacturing of pottery, bricks and tiles, and wine production.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2009 Jean-Pierre Jacques
2009 2014 Jean-Claude Denner

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 637 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
829 1,012 1,023 1,005 1,085 1,130 1,168 1,162 1,075
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,067 1,103 1,142 1,101 1,083 1,034 1,012 978 932
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
919 871 852 763 750 668 647 608 627
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
603 536 504 527 539 519 597 637 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Archingeay

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (28.3%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). Unlike the national and departmental proportions, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50.1% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Archingeay and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009

Archingeay Archingeay Charente-M Charente-M
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 22.0 21.9 17.2 15.1
15 to 29 Years 13.1 12.4 16.5 14.4
30 to 44 Years 18.9 19.2 18.7 17.9
45 to 59 Years 18.0 16.9 21.0 20.8
60 to 74 Years 16.8 17.5 17.2 17.8
75 to 89 Years 11.0 10.7 9.0 12.4
90 Years+ 0.3 1.5 0.5 1.5

Sources:

Church of Saint Martin

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Trésors de Lisette Museum
  • The Romanesque church of Saint Martin from the 12th century. It has sculptures at the south door and both interior and exterior corbels depicting life at the time.
  • Ferruginous fountain known by the Romans for healing properties (skin diseases). In the Gallo-Roman period, the Roman general Arcantius spent time at the spa.
  • A Laundry dating from Roman times.
  • The Trésors de Lisette Museum which presents family life in the early twentieth century with one of the largest exhibitions of old culinary objects in Europe. It opens during June, July and August from 3 p.m. (15:00) to 7 p.m. (19:00).

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

  • Saint Malo, who founded the city of Saint-Malo, died at Archingeay.
  • The Roman general Arcantius who took the waters of a thermal spring at La Vallée which was renowned for its therapeutic properties
  • The Montaigne family who lived in the Chateau of the Valley.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]