|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Rémi Lamare|
|Area1||16.61 km2 (6.41 sq mi)|
|• Density||38/km2 (99/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||17017 / 17380|
|Elevation||2–47 m (6.6–154.2 ft)
(avg. 24 m or 79 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcantois or Arcantoises
Archingeay is located some 32 km south of Surgeres and 30 km east of Rochefort. Access to the commune is by the D114 road which branches off the D739E south of Tonnay-Boutonne and continues south through the commune and village to Saint-Savinien. The D122 also goes south-west from the village to join the D124 which continues to Bords. The D122E1 also goes east from the village to Beaujouet. Apart from the village there are also the hamlets of:
- Chez Bayeau
- Chez Brandeau
- Chez Brard
- Chez Pepin
- Chez Trancard
- Le Mouton
- Le Tricholet
- Les Pavageauds
- Port L'Aubier
The commune is mixed forest and farmland.
The Boutonne river forms much of the north-western border of the commune with a network of irrigation canals covering the western part of the commune. Le Pepin stream rises south of the village and flows west into the Boutonne.
The name may come from the name of the Roman general Arcantius.
This commune had an Abbey which has completely disappeared.
In the past, Archingeay enjoyed a flourishing period, mainly due to a hot spring near the Chateau of the Valley to the west of Archingeay and renowned for its therapeutic properties (digestive diseases, skin etc.). Among other famous spa guests, the Roman general Arcantius took its waters.
Until the attack of phylloxera there was manufacturing of pottery, bricks and tiles, and wine production.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 637 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of Age Groups
The population of the town is relatively old. The ratio of persons above the age of 60 years (28.3%) is higher than the national average (21.6%) and the departmental average (28.1%). Unlike the national and departmental proportions, the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50.1% against 48.4% nationally and 48.2% at the departmental level).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Archingeay and Charente-Maritime Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||22.0||21.9||17.2||15.1|
|15 to 29 Years||13.1||12.4||16.5||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||18.9||19.2||18.7||17.9|
|45 to 59 Years||18.0||16.9||21.0||20.8|
|60 to 74 Years||16.8||17.5||17.2||17.8|
|75 to 89 Years||11.0||10.7||9.0||12.4|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Sites and Monuments
- The Romanesque Church of Saint Martin (12th century) is registered as an historical monument. It has sculptures at the south door and both interior and exterior corbels depicting life at the time. the main Altar and Tabernacle (18th century) are registered as an historical object.
- A Ferruginous Fountain known by the Romans for healing properties (skin diseases). In the Gallo-Roman period, the Roman general Arcantius spent time at the spa.
- A Lavoir (Public Laundry) dating from Roman times.
- The Trésors de Lisette Museum which presents family life in the early 20th century with one of the largest exhibitions of old culinary objects in Europe. It opens during June, July and August from 3 p.m. (15:00) to 7 p.m. (19:00).
- Saint Malo, who founded the city of Saint-Malo, died at Archingeay.
- Arcantius, a Roman general who took the waters of a thermal spring at La Vallée which was renowned for its therapeutic properties
- The Montaigne Family who lived in the Chateau of the Valley.
- Archingeay on Lion1906
- Archingeay on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Archingeay on Google Maps
- Archingeay on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Archingeay on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Archingeay on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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