Architecture of Uttar Pradesh

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Taj Mahal, one of the most famous tourist destinations in Uttar Pradesh and India.

Architecture of Uttar Pradesh has all of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Islamic and British features.

Buddhist era[edit]

Archeological site at Sarnath (Dhamek stupa is visible in background)

Most of the ancient buildings and structures at Sarnath were damaged or destroyed by the Turks. However, amongst the ruins can be distinguished:

  • The Dhamek Stupa; it is an impressive 128 feet high and 93 feet in diameter.
  • The Dharmarajika Stupa is one of the few pre-Ashokan stupas remaining, although only the foundations remain.
  • The Ashoka Pillar erected here, originally surmounted by the "Lion Capital of Asoka" (presently on display at the Sarnath Museum), was broken during Turk invasions but the base still stands at the original location.
  • The Sarnath Archeological Museum houses the famous Ashokan lion capital, which miraculously survived its 45-foot drop to the ground (from the top of the Ashokan Pillar), and became the National Emblem of India and national symbol on the Indian flag. The museum also houses a famous and refined Buddha-image of the Buddha in Dharmachakra-posture.

For Buddhists, Sarnath (or Isipatana) is one of four pilgrimage sites designated by Gautama Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Lumina.

Hindu monuments[edit]

Temple in Barsana, near Mathura, dedicated to the worship of Radha and Krishna.

Famous temples are Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi and Krishnajanmabhoomi in Mathura.

Islamic[edit]

Sultanates[edit]

Main pishtaq leading into the iwan of Atala Masjid

Atala Masjid of Jaunpur shows a lot of influences of Hindu architecture. In fact, there is a clear resemblance of Hindu style of architecture, in the entire Masjid. The reason for such similarity is due to the fact that the Atala Masjid is situated on the site of a temple of Atala Devi.[1] Hence the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur also gets its name from this Hindu Temple.

Mughal[edit]

Buland Darwaza, the 54 mt. high entrance to Fatehpur Sikri complex

Uttar Pradesh has three World Heritage Sites: Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and the nearby Fatehpur Sikri. Allahabad Fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence with the river Ganges. It is the largest fort built by Akbar.

Oudh[edit]

Bara Imambara facade, Lucknow India

Lucknow, the capital of the state, has several beautiful historical monuments such as Bara Imambara and Chhota Imambara.[2][3] It has also preserved the damaged complex of the Oudh-period British Resident's quarters, which are being restored.

Modern[edit]

NOIDA is a planned city and IT hub

Notable buildings[edit]

References[edit]