Archivist of the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
David Ferriero, Tenth Archivist of the United States

The Archivist of the United States is the chief official overseeing the operation of the National Archives and Records Administration. The first Archivist, R.D.W. Connor, began serving in 1934, when the National Archives was established as an independent federal agency by Congress. The Archivists served as subordinate officials of the General Services Administration from 1949 until the National Archives and Records Administration became an independent agency again on April 1, 1985. This position is held by David Ferriero, who was named to the office in 2009.

The Archivist is appointed by the President and is responsible for safeguarding and making available for study all the permanently valuable records of the federal government, including the original Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights, which are displayed in the Archives' main building in Washington, D.C.

Under Public Law No. 98-497, the Archivist also must maintain custody of state ratifications of amendments to the Constitution and it is the Archivist's duty to issue a certificate proclaiming a particular amendment duly ratified and part of the Constitution if the legislatures of at least three-quarters of the states approve the proposed amendment. The Amendment and its certificate of ratification are then published in the Federal Register and the amendment is included in the United States Statutes at Large.

In accordance with Title 1, Chapter 2 §106a of the United States Code, the Archivist of the United States also receives the original version of all statutes of the United States, once enacted. Joint Resolutions and Acts of Congress signed into law by the president are delivered by the office of the President to the National Archives. The same happens if a bill becomes law because the president fails to approve or veto it within the constitutionally mandated period of time (ten days, excluding Sundays, and only counted when Congress is in session). If the President vetoes a bill but the presidential veto is overridden, the new law is transmitted to the National Archives not by the office of the President, but by Congress: in this case, the presiding officer of the last House to consider the bill certifies that the presidential objection was overridden, and sends the new law to the Archivist of the United States. In all cases, the office of the Archivist (the National Archives) maintains custody of the original document and (by means of the Office of the Federal Register, a division of the National Archives) provides for its publication as a slip law and for the inclusion of the new statute in the United States Statutes at Large. The actual printing and circulation of the slip law and of the volumes of the United States Statutes at Large is the responsibility of the Government Printing Office, headed by the Public Printer of the United States.

By means of the Office of the Federal Register, the National Archives also publishes documents of the Executive Branch, such as presidential proclamations and executive orders, retaining custody of the original signed documents.

In all United States presidential elections, the Archivist of the United States also has duties concerning the custody of Electoral College documents, such as certificates of ascertainment declaring the names of the presidential electors chosen in each state, and of the certificates of vote produced by the electors of each state.[1] In practice, these administrative responsibilities are delegated to the Director of the Federal Register.[2]

Archivists of the United States[edit]

The following is a list of Archivists of the United States[3]

  Denotes acting Archivist
No. Picture Archivist Start of Term End of Term President(s)
1 Robert-dw-connor.jpg Robert Digges Wimberly Connor October 10, 1934 September 15, 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt
2 Solon-justice-buck.jpg Solon J. Buck September 18, 1941 May 31, 1948 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
3 Wayne Grover cropped without President Truman.jpg Wayne C. Grover June 2, 1948 November 6, 1965 Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
4 Robert Bahmer archivist.jpg Robert H. Bahmer* November 7, 1965 March 9, 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson
5 James-rhoads-bio-m.jpeg James B. Rhoads** March 10, 1968 1979 Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
- James E. O'Neill 1979 July 1980 Jimmy Carter
6 Warner-robert.jpg Robert M. Warner July 1980 April 15, 1985 Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
- Frank Burke cropped.jpg Frank G. Burke April 16, 1985 December 4, 1987 Ronald Reagan
7 Don Wilson cropped oath.jpg Don W. Wilson December 4, 1987 March 24, 1993 Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Bill Clinton
- Trudy Patterson cropped 1994.jpg Trudy Huskamp Peterson March 25, 1993 May 29, 1995 Bill Clinton
8 John Carlin.jpg John W. Carlin May 30, 1995 February 15, 2005 Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
9 Allen Weinstein portrait.jpg Allen Weinstein February 16, 2005 December 19, 2008 George W. Bush
- Adrienne-thomas.jpg Adrienne Thomas December 19, 2008 November 5, 2009 George W. Bush
Barack Obama
10 David Ferriero giving opening address at 2011 Wikipedia in Higher Education Summit (1).jpg David Ferriero November 6, 2009[4] -- Barack Obama

*Served first as Acting Archivist of the United States from Nov. 7, 1965, until his appointment as Archivist of the United States on January 16, 1966.

**Served first as Acting Archivist of the United States from March 10, 1968, until his appointment as Archivist of the United States on May 2, 1968.

References[edit]

External links[edit]