The species is found in Central and Eastern Europe and West Asia. They are found in Greece, Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel and Lebanon, and like others of the family show considerable variation with four or five subspecies. A morphologically similar species Archon apollinaris has been recently separated and has been found to by sympatric and reproductively isolated.
Older individuals often lose their scales, especially on the forewings, and appear very transparent.
The larvae feed on species of Aristolochia including A. poecilantha, A. parviflora, A. bodamae, A. hirta, A. bottae, A. auricularia, A. rotunda, A. sempervirens, A. maurorum and A. billardieri.
A. a. apollinus ♂ - Turkey MHNT
A. a. apollinus ♂ △ - Turkey MHNT
A. a. apollinus ♀ - Turkey MHNT
A. a. apollinus ♀ △ - Turkey MHNT
A rubra specimen from Aintab, TurkeyUlster Museum
Footage of False apollo
- Nazari, Vazrick and Carbonell, Frédéric. 2006. Archon apollinus (Herbst, 1789). Version 7 July 2006 (under construction).  in The Tree of Life Web Project,