Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

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Bangalow palm
Bangalow Palm Middle Brother March95.jpg
Bangalow palm at Middle Brother National Park, Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Archontophoenix
Species: A. cunninghamiana
Binomial name
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
(H.Wendl.) H.Wendl. & Drude
Seeds of the Bangalow palm

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana (Bangalow palm, King palm, Illawara palm, piccabben, piccabeen) is an Australian palm. It can grow up to and over 20 metres tall.[1] Its flower colour is violet and the red fruits are attractive to birds. It flowers in midsummer and has evergreen foliage.

It has become a noxious weed in many areas where it has been used as an ornamental plant. In Southern Brazil, it has become an invasive species, profiting from the local extinction of the endangered native palm Euterpe edulis.[2] In New Zealand, there is concern that A. cunninghamiana could invade native forests, since it has the same ecological requirements as the native nikau palm. The Auckland Regional Council has included A. cunninghamiana on a list of plants requiring further research on their potential to adversely affect the environment.[3]

In the United States, the palm is commonly cultivated in California from San Luis Obispo south to the Mexican border and in coastal South Florida.


  1. ^ Brooks, A. K. (1993). "Archontophoenix cunninghamiana – New South Wales Flora Online". PlantNET - The Plant Information Network System. 2.0. Sydney, Australia: The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust. Retrieved 9 Mar 2013. 
  2. ^ Frisch & Frisch (2005), page 354, Christianini (2006)
  3. ^ ARC Research Programme

CHRISTIANINI, Alexander V. - "Fecundity, dispersal, and predation of seeds of Archontophoenix cunninghamiana H. Wendl & Drude, an invasive palm in the Atlantic Forest". Revista Brasileira de Botânica, V.29, no.4, October/December 2006 Portuguese & English abstracts.

FRISCH, J.D. & FRISCH, C.D. - Aves Brasileiras e plantas que as atraem [Brazilian birds and plants which attract them]: 2005, São Paulo, Dalgas Ecotec, ISBN 85-85015-07-1