Archostemata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Archostemata
Tenomerga mucida01.jpg
Tenomerga mucida
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Suborder: Archostemata
Kolbe, 1908
Families

Crowsoniellidae
Cupedidae
Jurodidae
Micromalthidae
Ommatidae

Archostemata is the smallest suborder of beetles, consisting of fewer than fifty known species organized into five families. Archostemata is an ancient lineage with a number of primitive characteristics. They are similar in morphology to the first beetles, which appear in the fossil record approximately 250 million years ago. Antennae may be thread-shaped (filiform) or like a string of beads (or moniliform). This suborder also contains the only paedogenic beetles, Micromalthus debilis.

These beetles are considered rare. Fossil deposits from the Permian suggest that Archostemata were once much more common and dispersed over a wide portion of the globe, and the species that remain are but scattered vestiges of their former population. There are today five families worldwide (Crowsoniellidae, Cupedidae, Jurodidae, Micromalthidae, and Ommatidae), with only two (Cupedidae and Micromalthidae) occurring in North America.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]