Archuleta County, Colorado
|Archuleta County, Colorado|
Location in the state of Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 14, 1885|
|Named for||J. M. Archuleta|
|Largest town||Pagosa Springs|
1,355.48 sq mi (3,511 km²)
1,350.22 sq mi (3,497 km²)
5.26 sq mi (14 km²), 0.39%
7.3/sq mi (8.9/km²)
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Archuleta County is one of the 64 counties of the state of Colorado of the United States. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the county population was 12,013 in 2011, a 0.6% decrease since U.S. Census 2010. The county seat and the only municipality in the county is the town of Pagosa Springs.
Archuleta County was created by the Colorado legislature on April 14, 1885, out of western Conejos County. It was named for J. M. Archuleta, "head of one of the old Spanish families of New Mexico", and in honor of Antonio D. Archuleta, who was the Senator from Conejos County at the time.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,355.48 square miles (3,510.7 km2), of which 1,350.22 square miles (3,497.1 km2) (or 99.61%) is land and 5.26 square miles (13.6 km2) (or 0.39%) is water.
Adjacent counties 
- Mineral County, Colorado - north
- Rio Grande County, Colorado - northeast
- Conejos County, Colorado - east
- Rio Arriba County, New Mexico - south
- San Juan County, New Mexico - southwest
- La Plata County, Colorado - west
- Hinsdale County, Colorado - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,898 people, 3,980 households, and 2,873 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 6,212 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.33% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 1.40% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.97% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 16.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,980 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 30.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,901, and the median income for a family was $43,259. Males had a median income of $29,521 versus $21,851 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,683. About 9.00% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
- Arboles (unincorporated town)
- Pagosa Springs
- Chimney Rock (unincorporated community)
- Chromo (unincorporated town)
- Juanita (ghost town)
State park 
National forests and wilderness 
- Rio Grande National Forest
- San Juan National Forest
- Chimney Rock National Monument
- South San Juan Wilderness
Scenic and historic trails 
See also 
- Outline of Colorado
- Index of Colorado-related articles
- Colorado census statistical areas
- Colorado counties
- Colorado municipalities
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Archuleta County, Colorado
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. p. 28.
- "State and County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Archuleta County Government website
- Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck
- Colorado Historical Society
||Hinsdale County||Mineral County||Rio Grande County|
|La Plata County||Conejos County|
|San Juan County, New Mexico||Rio Arriba County, New Mexico|