Archway tube station

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Archway London Underground
Archway station main entrance.JPG
Main entrance on Junction Road
Archway is located in Greater London
Archway
Archway
Location of Archway in Greater London
Location Archway
Local authority Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 2 and 3
OSI Upper Holloway London Overground [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 8.05 million[2]
2011 Increase 8.08 million[2]
2012 Decrease 8.06 million[2]
2013 Increase 8.17 million[2]
Railway companies
Original company Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway
Key dates
22 June 1907 Opened as Highgate; terminus of line
11 June 1939 Renamed Archway (Highgate)
3 July 1939 Line extended to East Finchley
19 January 1941 Renamed Highgate (Archway)
December 1947 Renamed Archway
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°33′56″N 0°08′06″W / 51.5656°N 0.135°W / 51.5656; -0.135

Archway tube station is a London Underground station in Archway, north London, underneath the Archway Tower, at the intersection of Holloway Road, Highgate Hill, Junction Road and Archway Road. It is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern line, between Highgate and Tufnell Park. It is in both Travelcard zones 2 and 3.

History[edit]

When constructed, the area was simply the northern end of Holloway Road and had no specific name but, in the hope of attracting patronage, the terminus was originally named Highgate after the village up the hill. At the time of the station's construction the first cable car in Europe operated non-stop up Highgate Hill to the village from outside the Archway Tavern, and this name was also considered for the station. It was opened as one of the northern terminals of what was then the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR) and, as with other tube stations, soon gave its name to the local area.

The Leslie Green designed station opened on 22 June 1907 and faced in Green's standard ox-blood glazed brick.[3]

In 1930 the station was upgraded with escalators to replace the original lifts and the secondary entrance was replaced with a modern design by Charles Holden, virtually identical to one he built at the same time at Hammersmith. Holden's station was replaced in the 1970s.[3]

In 1939, the line was extended to Great Northern Railway's station at Highgate, and later to East Finchley station as part of the New Works Programme. The station was renamed Highgate (Archway) (after the nearby road bridge over the deep cutting containing Archway Road), then Archway (Highgate), before becoming simply Archway with the Highgate name being reassigned to the new station constructed beneath the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) surface station of the same name. The layout of the platforms and underground passenger areas still reflect the station's former role as a terminus.

The platform walls once featured the distinctive and elegantly simple tiling schemes used by Holden on the underground stations constructed at this time. Cream tiles were used throughout with the station name band formed of letter shaped tiles inset into a background of cream tiles incised to accept the lettering. Similar tiling schemes can be seen at the neighbouring Highgate, as well as at Bethnal Green and the stations on the tunnelled section of the Hainault branch of the Central line (for example Gants Hill). All were built in the late 1930s/early 1940s. The tiles at Archway were replaced several years ago during retiling works.

During the tunneling of the tunnel between Archway and Highgate, a major pipe was cut through and flooded the tunnel.

Connections[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Underground Journeys: Highgate". Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. /

External links[edit]

Side entrance on Highgate Hill
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
towards Morden or Kennington