Archway tube station

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Archway
London Underground
Archway station main entrance.JPG
Main entrance on Junction Road
Archway is located in Greater London
Archway
Archway

Location of Archway in Greater London
Location Archway
Local authority Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 2 and 3
OSI Upper Holloway [1]

London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 Increase 8.240 million[2]
2009 Decrease 8.048 million[3]
2010 Increase 8.050 million[4]

Original company Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway
22 June 1907 Opened as Highgate; terminus of line
11 June 1939 Renamed Archway (Highgate)
3 July 1939 Line extended to East Finchley
19 January 1941 Renamed Highgate (Archway)
December 1947 Renamed Archway

Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°33′56″N 0°08′06″W / 51.5656°N 0.135°W / 51.5656; -0.135

Archway tube station is a London Underground station in Archway, north London, underneath the Archway Tower, at the intersection of Holloway Road, Highgate Hill, Junction Road and Archway Road. It is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern Line, between Highgate and Tufnell Park. It is in both Travelcard zones 2 and 3.

History[edit]

When constructed, the area was simply the northern end of Holloway Road and had no specific name but, in the hope of attracting patronage, the terminus was originally named Highgate after the village up the hill. At the time of the station's construction the first cable car in Europe operated non-stop up Highgate Hill to the village from outside the Archway Tavern, and this name was also considered for the station. It was opened as one of the northern terminals of what was then the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR) and, as with other tube stations, soon gave its name to the local area.

The Leslie Green designed station opened on 22 June 1907 and faced in Green's standard ox-blood glazed brick.[5]

In 1930 the station was upgraded with escalators to replace the original lifts and the secondary entrance was replaced with a modern design by Charles Holden, virtually identical to one he built at the same time at Hammersmith. Holden's station was replaced in the 1970s.[5]

In 1939, the line was extended to Great Northern Railway's station at Highgate, and later to East Finchley station as part of the New Works Programme. The station was renamed Highgate (Archway) (after the nearby road bridge over the deep cutting containing Archway Road), then Archway (Highgate), before becoming simply Archway with the Highgate name being reassigned to the new station constructed beneath the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) surface station of the same name. The layout of the platforms and underground passenger areas still reflect the station's former role as a terminus.

The platform walls once featured the distinctive and elegantly simple tiling schemes used by Holden on the underground stations constructed at this time. Cream tiles were used throughout with the station name band formed of letter shaped tiles inset into a background of cream tiles incised to accept the lettering. Similar tiling schemes can be seen at the neighbouring Highgate, as well as at Bethnal Green and the stations on the tunnelled section of the Hainault branch of the Central Line (for example Gants Hill). All were built in the late 1930s/early 1940s. The tiles at Archway were replaced several years ago during retiling works.

During the tunneling of the tunnel between Archway and Highgate, a major pipe was cut through and flooded the tunnel.

Transport links[edit]

The following London bus routes serve the station (frequencies are for Mon-Fri off peak, correct at 2 January 2012).

  • 4 (Archway Station-Waterloo Station) every 10 minutes
  • 17 (Archway Station-London Bridge station) every 8 minutes
  • 41 (Archway Station-Tottenham Hale Station) every 5 minutes
  • 43 (Friern Barnet Library-London Bridge Station) every 6–7 minutes
  • 134 (North Finchley Tally Ho Corner-Tottenham Court Road Station) every 6 minutes
  • 143 (Archway Station-Brent Cross Shopping Centre) every 12 minutes
  • 210 (Brent Cross Shopping Centre-Finsbury Park Station) every 7–8 minutes
  • 263 (Holloway "Nags Head"-Barnet Hospital) every 10 minutes
  • 271 (Highgate Village-Moorgate Finsbury Square) every 8 minutes
  • 390 (Archway Station-Notting Hill Gate) every 8 minutes
  • C11 (Archway Station-Brent Cross Shopping Centre) every 10 minutes
  • W5 (Archway Station-Harringay Sainsbury's) every 12 minutes

Night Buses:

  • N20 (Barnet Church-Trafalgar Square) every 30 minutes (12 minutes weekends) from 0034-0534
  • N41 (Tottenham Hale Station-Trafalgar Square) every 30 minutes from 0028-0428
  • 43 (24-hour service, route as daytime) every 30 minutes from 0018-0418
  • 134 (24-hour service, route as daytime) every 15 minutes from 0018-0533
  • 271 (24-hour service, route as daytime) every 30 minutes from 0029-0529
  • 390 (24-hour service, route as daytime) every 30 minutes from 0015-0500

Archway is the nearest tube station to Highgate Cemetery.

Maps in London Overground trains, but not London Underground maps, show the station as 450m from Upper Holloway station on the Gospel Oak to Barking Line. Interchange within twenty minutes is allowed between the two stations.[6]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Underground Journeys: Highgate". Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 20 February 2011. 
  6. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. /

External links[edit]

Side entrance on Highgate Hill
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
towards Morden or Kennington