Arcos de la Frontera
|Arcos de la Frontera|
|Comarca||Sierra de Cádiz|
|• Alcalde||Josefa Caro Gamaza (2007) (PSOE)|
|• Total||527.54 km2 (203.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||185 m (607 ft)|
|• Density||59/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Arcos de la Frontera is a town in the province of Cádiz in southern Spain. It is located on the eastern bank of the Guadalete river, which flows to the Bay of Cadiz. The town commands a fine vista atop a sandstone ridge, from which the peak of San Cristobal and the Guadalete Valley can be seen. The town gained its name by being the frontier of Spain's 13th century battle with the Moors.
Arcos became an independent Moorish taifa in 1011 during the protracted collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. Arcos was associated with the Jerez by 'Abdun ibn Muhammad who ruled from c. 1029/1030 to 1053. The region was overtaken by the Almoravid dynasty in 1091. From 1145 to 1147 the region of Arcos and Jerez was briefly a taifa under dependency of Granada, led by Abu'l-Qasim Ahyal.
The town was a bulwark of Christianity after Alfonso the Wise of Castile (1252–1284) expelled the Moors. He constructed a Gothic cathedral which remains on its high ridge.
It is famed for its ten bells, which tolled throughout the war with the Moors. Several Moorish banners were taken in the nearby battle of Zahara and have been on display in a church in Arcos since 1483.
- Castillo de Arcos (15th-century castle)
- Iglesia Parroquial de Santa María de la Asunción, a church built between the 16th and 18th centuries
- Convent of San Agustín (16th-17th centuries)
- Church of San Pedro (16th-18th centuries)
- Ayuntamiento (seventeenth-century city hall)
- Iglesia de San Francisco (church built between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries))
- Iglesia de la Caridad (church built between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries))
- M. Mancheño y Olivares, Galeria de Arcobricenses illustres (Arcos, 1892)
- M. Mancheño y Olivares, Riqueza y cultura de Arcos de la Frontera (Arcos, 1898)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arcos de la Frontera.|
- Ayuntamiento de Arcos de la Frontera (Spanish)
- Arcos en la Red - Información ciudadana y turística sobre Arcos de la Frontera (Spanish)
- Arcos de la Frontera en Twitter. (Spanish)
- Satellite image from Google Local
- Jerez de la Frontera Airport