Arctic Institute of North America

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North American Arctic

The Arctic Institute of North America is a multi-disciplinary research institute and educational organization located in the University of Calgary. It is mandated to study the North American and circumpolar Arctic in the areas of natural science, social science, arts and the humanities. In addition, it acquires, preserves and disseminates information on environmental, physical, and social conditions in the North. The institute was created in 1945 by a Canadian Act of Parliament as a non-profit membership organization, and also incorporated in the State of New York.[1]

History[edit]

The idea of the institute began in the early 1940s when a group of Canadians discussed ways that Canada could increase administrative, scientific and technical expertise in the Arctic. By 1944, a binational organization that included Canada and the United States, with room for Greenland, Newfoundland, and Labrador was established. Offices were opened at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Geophysicst Lawrence Gould was selected as acting director, replaced in 1945 by Lincoln Washburn.[2] The initial budget was $10,000.[3]

One of the most important programs of the AINA was to establish a library. In 1955, there were over a 1,000 acquisitions. In 1961, there were over 4,800 volumes and 476 serials. There were 7,500 volumes in 1966. Another notable program was the 1948 launch of the journal Arctic which published three issues annually until 1951, after which it became a quarterly publication.[3]

In 1975, the institute moved to the University of Calgary where it has remained.

Dr. Karla Jessen Williamson became its first woman and first Inuit Executive Director in 2000.[4]

ASTIS database[edit]

This database is produced by the Arctic Institute of North America. The focus of the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS) database is references for publications and research projects about northern Canada. It contains 70,000 records. Geographic subject coverage encompasses the three territories, the northern parts of seven provinces and the adjacent marine areas. Format coverage includes abstracts, indexed subject terms, geographic terms, and links to 16,000 online publications.[5]

Academic journal[edit]

The Arctic Institute of North America publishes a peer reviewed, scientific journal, entitled "Arctic". The journal publishes scholarly articles, book reviews, and notable people on all topics related to the polar and subpolar regions of the world.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mandata". arctic.ucalgary.ca. Archived from the original on 29 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  2. ^ MacDonald, Robert (December 2005). "Challenges and Accomplishments: A Celebration of the Arctic Institute of North America". Arctic 58 (4): 1. 
  3. ^ a b MacDonald, p. 441
  4. ^ Dickerson, Mark O. (June 2000). "The Challenge of Change". Arctic 53 (2). 
  5. ^ ASTIS database. AINA. August 2010.
  6. ^ "Home page". AINA is a multi-disciplinary research institute of the University of Calgary, Canada. Arctic Institute of North America (AINA). August 2010. Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  7. ^ "Guide for authors". Arctic Institute of North America (AINA). August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Contents". Abstracts for back issues Volume 1 Number 1 (1948). Arctic Institute of North America (AINA). August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-15. 

External links[edit]