(W. K. H. Peters, 1872)
Arctogadus borisovi Dryagin, 1932
Arctogadus glacialis, known also with ambiguous common names Arctic cod and polar cod, is an Arctic species of fish in the cod family Gadidae, related to the true cod (genus Gadus). Arctogadus glacialis like icy water and are often not seen in warm water. They grow to 30 cm long,and are favorite food of narwhals and other arctic whale
Common names and taxonomy
Another Arctic gadid, the East Siberian cod (Arctogadus borisovi), was until recently considered the closest relative of A. glacialis. It has, however, been found not to be distinct from Arctogadus glacialis, and should be included in this species. According to this result, Arctogadus is a monotypic genus. However, Arctogadus is a close relative of Boreogadus, and should perhaps be included in that genus.
Arctic cod is silvery in appearance and can grow up to a length of 32.5 centimetres (12.8 in) TL. It lacks the chin barbels of other cod species (or this barbel is small). In contradicting the aforementioned, we are currently catching this species during fishing derbies here in Nunavut upwards of 27 inches in length. Please refer to spring issues of Kivalliq Arctic News for reference.
The Arctic cod is widely distributed in the western part of the Arctic basin, also the northwest and northeast coasts of Greenland. Its range is between 85° and 72° north latitude. Arctic cod can be found at depths of up to 1000 m, and frequently under ice.
Fishes earlier attributed to the East Siberian cod are found off the western half of the Canadian coast and the coasts of Siberia and also off northern and southern coasts of Greenland. The fish prefers living close to the sea floor at depths of 15 to 40 m, but it sometimes enters estuaries. They may also be found under pack ice.
The species is of minor commercial value.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Arctogadus glacialis" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
- Gadiform fishes of the World (Order Gadiformes) An annotated and illustrated catalogue of Cods, Hakes, Grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Volume 10. 1990.
- Polar Cod University of Guelph.
- Froese, R. and D. Pauly., eds. (2013). "FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (10/2013)". Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Jordan, AD; Møller, PR; Nielsen, JG (2003). "Revision of the Arctic cod genus Arctogadus". Journal of Fish Biology 62: 1339–1352. doi:10.1007/s00300-001-0348-5. CiteSeerX: 10.1.1.1.3927.
- Süfke, Lis; Piepenburg, Dieter; von Dorrien, Christian F. (1998). "Body size, sex ratio and diet composition of Arctogadus glacialis (Peters, 1874) (Pisces: Gadidae) in the Northeast Water Polynya (Greenland)". Polar Biology 20: 357–363. doi:10.1007/s003000050314.