Ardeşen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ardeşen
Ardeşen is located in Turkey
Ardeşen
Ardeşen
Coordinates: 41°11′24″N 40°58′59″E / 41.19000°N 40.98306°E / 41.19000; 40.98306Coordinates: 41°11′24″N 40°58′59″E / 41.19000°N 40.98306°E / 41.19000; 40.98306
Country Turkey
Province Rize
Government
 • Mayor Hakan Gültekin (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Cemil Kılınç
Area[1]
 • District 628.96 km2 (242.84 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 28,113
 • District 40,341
 • District density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Post code 53400
Website www.ardesen.bel.tr

Ardeşen (Laz: არტაშენი/Art'aşeni or არდაშენი/Ardaşeni; Georgian: არტაშენი/Artasheni or არდაშენი/Ardasheni) is a town and district of Rize Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, 48 km along the coast road from the city of Rize.

History[edit]

See Rize Province for the history of the area, at one time part of the Kingdom of Georgia, the Roman and Byzantine Empires and later the Empire of Trebizond until their defeat in 1461 by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II. The origins of the name is believed to be Armenian coming from Ard- meaning field and -Shen meaning village.[3]

Geography[edit]

Ardeşen is sandwiched between sea and mountain, with 10 km of Black Sea coastline, while most of the district is hill and mountain, extending 50 km inland, up to the Altıparmak hills and then on to Çamlıhemşin and the Kaçkar mountains. There is plenty of rainfall but little land flat enough for planting anything except for tea, and life is hard in these wet highlands. The highland villages are remote, and reaching them with roads, cables and other infrastructure is very challenging.

This was even more the case before tea planting began, when successive generations would migrate away from the area to jobs in Turkey's larger cities or abroad. 10% of the land is used for tea growing, other than is there is little agriculture except gardening for local consumption. The first tea-processing factory was opened in 1947, other industry includes sawmills and furniture workshops.

The industrial development is in the town of Ardeşen itself, which is on the coast near the mouth of the Fırtına River. Ardeşen has a lot of beautiful public buildings and apartment blocks. The busy coast road through Ardeşen leads up to Turkey's border with Georgia (country). The cuisine is like the typical Turkish menu, but there are a lot of special foods typical for the region like minci / cökelek or muhlama to mention only some of the rich kitchen of Ardeşen . Ardeşen has some local radio, TV and newspapers, like Ardeşen'in Sesi.

The income from tea growing has brought better amenities to Ardeşen but the traditional rural lifestyle persists; many of the people in the countryside are ethnic Laz and the older generations in particular continue to speak the Laz language although their traditional clothing has disappeared with the ban on growing hemp. However education is quite successful with literacy rates of 97% among men and 89% among women.

The people of Ardeşen have a reputation for their love of firearms, most people carry them and home-made small arms are a thriving trade, (to such an extent that in 1991 the state established a factory here to produce them legally and try and bring the industry under control [4]). Even the municipality logo features a picture of a mosque and a revolver.

Climate[edit]

Ardeşen has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb).

Climate data for Ardeşen
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
6.9
(44.4)
8.1
(46.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.5
(59.9)
19.4
(66.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
19.4
(66.9)
15.6
(60.1)
12.1
(53.8)
8.5
(47.3)
14.0
(57.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 194
(7.64)
142
(5.59)
118
(4.65)
85
(3.35)
79
(3.11)
140
(5.51)
121
(4.76)
156
(6.14)
200
(7.87)
249
(9.8)
217
(8.54)
224
(8.82)
1,925
(75.78)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Places of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Nisanyan, Sevan. "Index Anatolicus". 
  4. ^ "ASİLSAN - ARDEŞEN SİLAH SANAYİİ". Asilsan Ardeşen Arms Industry. Archived from the original on 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  5. ^ "Climate: Ardeşen". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 

External links[edit]