Ardersier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 57°34′09″N 4°02′16″W / 57.56926°N 4.03775°W / 57.56926; -4.03775

Ardersier
Scottish Gaelic: Àird nan Saor
Ardersier is located in Nairn
Ardersier
Ardersier
 Ardersier shown within the Nairn area
OS grid reference NH782550
Council area Highland
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district IV2 7
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey
Scottish Parliament Inverness and Nairn
List of places
UK
Scotland

Ardersier[pronunciation?] (Scottish Gaelic: Àird nan Saor) is a small former fishing village in the Scottish Highlands, on the Moray Firth, east of Inverness, near Fort George, and Nairn Map. Its name is an anglicisation of the Gaelic "Àird nan Saor", or "Headland of the joiners",[1] one local legend being that carpenters working on the construction of ecclesiastical buildings on the other side of the Moray Firth were quartered here.[citation needed]

Prior to the building of Fort George, a small fishing hamlet called Blacktown existed in the area of Fort George, its economy based around several small open fishing boats. Its relocation eventually led to the creation of the village of Ardersier.

Ardersier.
Photo:Phil Smith

History[edit]

Medieval[edit]

Parts of the land in and about Ardersier were originally owned by the order of the Knights Templar. These lands were referred to as: Temple Land, Temple Cruik, Temple Bank, Bogschand. They were located between Connage and the sea, and between Flemington and the sea. The Temple lands of Ardersier were held by Davidsons and Mackays as portioners. They were acquired by Cawdor in 1626.[2]

A charter granted at Nairn refers to the locus trialis at Ardersier, and according to the historian George Bain, this may have been an ancient place of trial by wager of battle.[2]

Clan feuds[edit]

Church lands of Ardersier owned by the Bishop of Ross and Delnies had passed into the hands of the Leslies of Ardersier, and they sold them on to Cawdor in the year 1574, "having consideration of the great and intolerable damage, injury, and skaith done to them by Lachlan Mackintosh and others of the Clan Chattan, in harrying, destroying, and making hardships upon the said hail lands of Ardersier and fishings thereof," and no apparent hope of reparation for the "customary enormities of the said Clan Chattan." It is charged against the Mackintoshes that they depauperised the tenants, debarred them from fishing at the stell of Ardersier, breaking their boats and cutting their nets. The Laird of Cawdor was not allowed to have peaceable possession, and he raised an action against Lachlan Mackintosh and his clansmen for the slaughter of several of his servants and tenants. In 1581, Lachlan renounced all claim to the Ardersier lands and to Wester and Easter Delnies, and the legal proceedings were dropped.[3]

Jacobite rising[edit]

After the Jacobite rising of 1745, there was a fear of further French-supported risings, especially of the possibility of a naval assault quickly landing a large number of rebels.[citation needed] The fort provided the facility to house an increased number of soldiers (compared to the original Fort George built elsewhere in 1727) and its position on the coast both guarded the Firth at its narrowest point, and allowed for supplies to be brought in by sea in the event of a land siege.

The requirement for the fort to be built opposite Chanonry Point where the firth narrowed considerably, meant that the population of Blacktown, a small fishing hamlet, had to resettle about a mile away on the shores of the Moray Firth. Here were founded two different communities, separated by land ownership and religion. The narrow strip of land on which Stewart-town was built belonged to the Earl of Moray and fell within the parish of Petty. Literally across the road, the householders of Campbell-town worshipped in the church of Ardersier, This land belonging to the Earl of Cawdor (of Macbeth fame), a Campbell. Collectively these two settlements were later referred to as Ardersier, but it was not officially known as such until the late 1970s, thus preventing confusion on postal deliveries to the other Campbeltown in Argyll.[citation needed]

Present[edit]

Today the village remains a popular tourist spot due to the pleasant views, the shore, and the proximity to Fort George, which remains an active base for the British Army. The post office closed in the village a few years ago and there is an old church that is not in use. There is a 'new' church called Ardersier Parish Church which is where Helen Mirren was married. There are two small shops, a pharmacy which has a postal service, 2 pubs, several B&BS and a hotel.

Local residents, though, are active in regenerating Ardersier being keen to see it once again a thriving village. They formed their own community company ARDCO in December 2009 to take over local community buildings to create a Community Hub.

In 2013, refurbishing was started of Ardersier Memorial Hall. It opened for the public in 2014. There is also a new Spar shop being built and will open in March 2014.

Notable residents[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iain Mac an Tailleir. "Placenames". Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 10 October 2009. 
  2. ^ a b History of Nairnshire (1893) p.134-135, by Bain, George, F.S.A., Scotland [1] and also [2]
  3. ^ History of Nairnshire (1893) p.217-218, by Bain, George, F.S.A., Scotland [3] and also [4]