Ardeshir Zahedi

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Ardeshir Zahedi
Ardeshir Zahedi.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
3 March 1966 – 1971
Monarch Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi
Prime Minister Amir-Abbas Hoveida
Preceded by Abbas Aram
Succeeded by Abbas Ali Khalatbari
Ambassador of Iran to the United States
In office
7 March 1973 – 11 February 1979
Preceded by Amir-Aslan Afshar
Succeeded by Mehdi Haeri Yazdi
In office
16 March 1960 – 3 March 1962
Preceded by Ali Gholi Ardalan
Succeeded by Hossein Ghods-Nakhai
Personal details
Born (1928-10-16) 16 October 1928 (age 86)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Rastakhiz Party
Spouse(s) Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi (1957-1964)
Relations Fazlollah Zahedi (Father)Khadija ul-Mulk (Mother)
Children Zahra Mahnaz Zahedi
Alma mater Utah State University
Religion Islam

Ardeshir Zahedi (Persian: اردشیر زاهدی‎), GCVO, (born 16 October 1928) was an important Iranian diplomat during the 1960s and 1970s, serving as the country's foreign minister and its ambassador to the United States and the United Kingdom.

Early life[edit]

Born in Tehran on 16 October 1928, he is the son of General Fazlollah Zahedi, who served as prime minister after the fall of Mohammed Mossadegh.[1] Zahedi received a degree in agriculture from Utah State University in 1950,[2] where he was a member of Kappa Sigma. Seven years later, he married the daughter of the Shah of Iran, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi; the marriage ended in divorce in 1964.

Political life[edit]

Zahedi with President Richard Nixon in Tehran, 1969

Zahedi served as ambassador to the United States from 1960 to 1962 and to the United Kingdom from 1962 to 1966.[3] Under Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveida, he served as minister of foreign affairs from 1966 to 1971.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi and Ardeshir Zahedi

Zahedi again became ambassador to the United States from 1973 until the Iranian Revolution climaxed in January 1979. During his second stint in Washington, he won a reputation for extravagance. In the mid-1970s, Zahedi became known as a companion of the American movie star Elizabeth Taylor, with the two being dubbed "the hottest couple" in Washington D.C., according to the writer Barbara Howar. During the 1977 Hanafi Siege of a federal building in Washington, Zahedi and two other ambassadors from Muslim nations were able to talk the hostage takers into surrendering and releasing 149 hostages.

Over the course of 1978, it was reported in some circles that Zahedi urged the Shah to appease the rioters by making scapegoats of several high-ranking officials, including Amir Abbas Hoveida (then Prime Minister) and SAVAK director Nematollah Nassiri. When the Shah fled Iran in 1979, Zahedi was still serving as ambassador in Washington, but resigned as soon as Khomeini came to power. He started fervent attempts at securing political asylum for the ailing Shah and the Imperial family in Panama, Mexico, Morocco and finally Egypt. He was present at the Shah's death bed and funeral in Cairo in 1980.

Later years[edit]

Zahedi is now retired and living in Montreux, Switzerland.[1] He received honorary doctoral degrees of law and humanities from Utah State University, East Texas State University, Kent State University, St. Louis University, University of Texas, Montana State University, Washington College, Westminster College, Harvard University, Chung-Ang University of Seoul, and the College of Political and Social Science of Lima in Peru. In December 1976, in a ceremony held in Washington D.C., Zahedi was awarded the Kappa Sigma Fraternity ‘Man of the Year’ Award. In 2002, he was inducted into to Alumni Hall of Honor of the Utah State University College of Agriculture. He received many awards and honors from nations around the globe for his humanitarian service and record in international affairs.

Views[edit]

In an interview in May 2006, Zahedi voiced his support for Iran's Nuclear Program stating it as an "inalienable right of Iran", under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). He told Voice of America that the U.S. approved the start of Iran's $50 billion nuclear program in the 1970s. Two documents in particular, dated 22 April 1975 and 20 April 1976, show that the United States and Iran held negotiations on a nuclear program and the U.S. was willing to help Iran by setting up uranium enrichment and fuel reprocessing facilities.[4]

Honours[edit]

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Biography". Ardeshir Zahedi. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Utah State University USU Alumni= Great Success
  3. ^ "State Intelligence". London Gazette (Issue 44249). 14 February 1967. Retrieved 29 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Linzer, Dafna (27 March 2005). "Past Arguments Don't Square With Current Iran Policy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Royal Ark

Further reading[edit]

  • Ardeshir Zahedi, The Memoirs of Ardeshir Zahedi: Volume One [English Language], (ِIbex Publishers). ISBN 978-1-58814-073-9.
  • Ardeshir Zahedi, The Memoirs of Ardeshir Zahedi: Volume Two [English Language], (ِIbex Publishers). ISBN 978-1-58814-099-9.
  • Ardeshir Zahedi (اردشیر زاهدی), The Memoirs of Ardeshir Zahedi: Volume One [Persian Language] (Khaterat-e Ardeshir Zahedi -خاطرات اردشیر زاهدی), (ِIbex Publishers). ISBN 978-1-58814-038-8.
  • Ardeshir Zahedi (اردشیر زاهدی), The Memoirs of Ardeshir Zahedi: Volume Two [Persian Language] (Khaterat-e Ardeshir Zahedi -خاطرات اردشیر زاهدی), (ِIbex Publishers). ISBN 978-1-58814-065-4.
  • 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the past three centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
  • Fereydoun Hoveyda, The Fall of the Shah, translated by Roger Liddell (Wyndham Books, New York, 1980). ISBN 0-671-61003-1, ISBN 978-0-671-61003-6.
  • "The 38 Hours: Trial by Terror". Time magazine. 21 March 1977. 

External links[edit]