Ardstraw

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Ardstraw
Irish: Ard Sratha
Ardstraw Presbyterian Church - geograph.org.uk - 135242.jpg
Ardstraw Presbyterian Church
Ardstraw is located in Northern Ireland
Ardstraw
Ardstraw
 Ardstraw shown within Northern Ireland
Population 222 (2001 Census)
Irish grid reference H348874
District Strabane
County County Tyrone
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STRABANE
Postcode district BT82
Dialling code 028, +44 28
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
UK Parliament West Tyrone
NI Assembly West Tyrone
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Tyrone

Coordinates: 54°44′02″N 7°27′35″W / 54.7339°N 7.45972°W / 54.7339; -7.45972

Ardstraw (Irish: Ard sratha (hill or height of the holm or strath)[1]) is a small village, townland and civil parish in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, three miles northwest of Newtownstewart. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 222 people (81 houses).[2]

Ardstraw was once the seat of an important bishopric, as well as the ancient resting place of the local branch of the O'Neill clan. Today, the village is an key part of a thriving farming community. The stone mill buildings at Ardstraw are a distinctive riverside feature on the River Derg.

Bishopric[edit]

The Diocese of Ardstraw (Árd Sratha in Irish) was founded in the 6th century by Saint Eoghan. It is one of the dioceses recognized by the Synod of Ráth Breasail in 1111. Although the 1152 Synod of Kells replaced it in its list of dioceses with that of Maghera, the seat of which was later moved to Derry, bishops of Ardstraw continued to exist until the early 13th century, when the see was finally united to that of Derry.[3][4][5]

No longer a residential bishopric, Árd Sratha is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[6]

John de Courcy[edit]

In 1198, John de Courcy, a Norman knight who had invaded Ulster in 1177, returned to County Donegal to devastate Inishowen and on his way destroyed churches at Ardstraw and Raphoe.[7]

Ardstraw townland[edit]

The townland is situated in the historic barony of Strabane Lower and the civil parish of Ardstraw and covers an area of 353 acres.[8]

The population of the townland declined during the 19th century:[9][10]

Year 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 156 132 144 88 71 56
Houses 34 27 30 20 14 12

Sport[edit]

Ardstraw F.C. plays association football in the Northern Ireland Intermediate League.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ardstraw". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "List of all settlements with population of over 50 people". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Ard Sratha (Ardstraw)
  4. ^ Saint Eoghan or Eugene of Ardstraw 6th century (Patron of Derry Diocese)
  5. ^ Henry Cotton, The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies of Ireland. Fasti ecclesiae Hiberniae, Vol. 3, The Province of Ulster, Dublin, Hodges and Smith 1849, pp. 307–311
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 838
  7. ^ DeBreffny, D & Mott, G (1976). The Churches and Abbeys of Ireland. London: Thames & Hudson. pp. 60–61. 
  8. ^ "Townlands of County Tyrone". IreAtlas Townland Database. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Census of Ireland 1851". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Census of Ireland 1891". Enhanced Parliamentary Papers on Ireland. Retrieved 28 December 2012.