Area codes 613 and 343

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Area code 613 and overlay area code 343 are area codes for Ottawa and surrounding Eastern Ontario, Canada, in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP). 613 is one of the 86 original area codes in the NANP assigned in October 1947.

History[edit]

Ottawa, Ontario

The 613 area originally covered all of Ontario with the exception of the Golden Horseshoe, which was in area code 416. The area code has been split twice. In 1953, the Southwestern Ontario portion of 613 was combined with the western portion of 416 to become 519. In 1957 the vast northwestern portion of 613 was combined with the northern portion of 519 to become area code 705. Since 1957, 613 covers only Eastern Ontario, an area extending from Brighton and Deep River eastward to Saint Regis, Quebec.

Ottawa and its twin city in Quebec, Hull fall on the boundary between 613 and Quebec's area code 819. Historically, they were a single local calling area with exchange code protection. As a result, local calls could be completed between Ottawa-Carleton and Hull without dialling an area code. A similar situation prevailed in the Washington metropolitan area across three jurisdictions--Washington itself and parts of Maryland and Virginia. Federal government offices in Hull duplicated their entire allocation of multiple exchanges worth of numbers available in 613 as part of a "dual dialability" scheme.

While there are fewer than two million people in the geographic area covered by 613, the bulk of that population lives in the Ottawa area. To preserve seven-digit dialling between Ottawa and Hull, the same seven-digit local number could not be assigned on both sides of the National Capital Region. Technically, it was only necessary that no two prefixes within the same local calling area be duplicates, but the code protection as implemented reserved the numbers across an entire area code. This meant that if a 1-819 number was being used in Hull, the corresponding 1-613 number could not be used anywhere in eastern Ontario, even in areas a safe distance from the National Capital Region such as Brighton. Similarly, if a 1-613 number was being used in Ottawa-Carleton, the corresponding 1-819 number could not be used anywhere in western Quebec.

The problems were aggravated by Canada's inefficient number allocation system. With no number pooling in Canada, every competitive local exchange carrier received blocks of 10,000 numbers in every rate centre in which they planned to offer local service. A tiny unincorporated village (like Odessa, Ontario, with no telephone central office but still listed as a rate centre) usually received multiple 10,000 number blocks. Larger municipalities have multiple rate centres and multiple competing carriers in each. Ottawa, now one municipality, has ten suburban rate centres - most with very similar local calling areas - which were never amalgamated. Once a number is assigned to a rate centre and CLEC, it is unavailable for use elsewhere, even in cases when a rate centre has more numbers than it needs.

These factors not only resulted in thousands of wasted numbers, but also led to the premature depletion of prefixes. By 2006, the only remaining unassigned exchange prefixes in the entire 819 region were numbers which could not be assigned to the Quebec side of the Ottawa-Hull area without breaking seven-digit dialling between Hull and Ottawa.

Ten-digit dialling in 613 and 819 became mandatory on October 21, 2006. Intraprovincial calls from points with no local calling beyond a small fragment of their own area code were returning intercept messages if dialled as seven digits. Exchange protection in the National Capital Region was ended, except for the "dual dialability" scheme for government numbers in 819.[1]

The inefficient assignment of numbers continued, along with the proliferation of cell phones and multiple carriers. Within two years, it became apparent that a new area code was necessary. As telephone companies were opposed to geographically splitting area codes, wishing to spare themselves the burden of changing existing clients' numbers and en masse reprogramming of cell phones, distributed overlay area codes were proposed for both 613 and 819.

Area code 343, an overlay proposed in 2007[2] and approved by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on September 10, 2008,[3] was activated for the region on May 17, 2010,[4] several years earlier than originally anticipated.[5]

Carriers[edit]

The main incumbent local exchange carrier in 613 is Bell Canada, although there are some five independent companies serving rural exchanges—the Lansdowne Rural Telephone Company serving Lansdowne;[6] the North Frontenac Telephone Company serving Sharbot Lake and Parham;[7] the North Renfrew Telephone Company serving Beachburg, Westmeath, and the area outside of Pembroke;[8] the Roxborough Telephone Company serving Moose Creek;[9] and the Westport Telephone Company serving Westport.[10]

Also served by area code 613 and Bell Canada is Saint Regis, Quebec, a native reservation bordering Fort Covington, New York which straddles the Ontario-Québec-New York border. St. Regis - Fort Covington is a local call, despite being international.[11]

Further west, Rapides-des-Joachims, Quebec shares an exchange with adjacent Rolphton, Ontario.[12]

Evolution of area codes in Ontario and southwestern Quebec

Central office codes and communities in area code 613[edit]

  • Adolphustown (Greater Napanee) - (613): 373
  • Addington Highlands (township): see Denbigh, Northbrook
  • Alexandria (North Glengarry) - (343)- 474, (613): 525, 642
  • For the municipality "Alfred and Plantagenet", see Alfred and Plantagenet
  • Alfred (Alfred and Plantagenet) - (343): 691, (613): 605, 679, 708
  • Almonte - (613): 256, 461
  • Arden (Central Frontenac) - (343): 268, (613): 335
  • Arnprior - (613): 622, 623, 626
  • Athens - (613): 924, 927
  • Avonmore (North Stormont) - (613): 346
  • Bancroft - (343): 269, 357, 401, 476, (613): 202, 303, 318, 332, 334, 412, 442, 553, 630
  • Barry's Bay - (613): 756
  • Bath (Loyalist Township) - (613): 351, 352, 881
  • Beachburg (Whitewater Region) - (613): 582
  • For the municipality of Belleville, see Belleville and Thurlow (former township now in the city)
  • Belleville - (343): 263, 270, 355, 362, 600, 645, (613): 210, 242, 243, 391, 403, 438, 480, 554, 661, 689, 707, 743, 771, 779, 813, 827, 847, 848, 849, 885, 902, 919, 920, 921, 922, 961, 962, 966, 967, 968, 969, 970
  • Bloomfield (Prince Edward County) - (613): 393
  • Bourget - (613): 426, 487, 603
  • Brighton - (343): 271, (613): 439, 475, 481, 814
  • Brockville - (343): 225, 264, 300, 320, (613): 213, 246, 340, 341, 342, 345, 349, 423, 498, 499, 556, 640, 704, 802, 803, 865
  • Calabogie (Greater Madawaska) - (613): 752
  • Cardiff (Highlands East) - (613): 339
  • Cardinal (Edwardsburgh/Cardinal) - (613): 655, 657, 671
  • Carleton Place - (343) - 213, (613): 250, 251, 253, 257, 434, 451, 452, 456, 492, 508, 621, 964
  • Carp - (613): 470, 839
  • Casselman - (613): 427, 764
  • Central Frontenac (township): see Arden, Parham
  • Chalk River - (613): 589
  • Chesterville (North Dundas) - (613): 436, 448
  • For the city "Clarence-Rockland", see Clarence Creek and Rockland
  • Clarence Creek (Clarence-Rockland) - (613): 420, 488
  • Cobden - (613): 646, 647
  • Coe Hill (Wollaston) - (613): 337
  • Constance Bay (Ottawa) - (613): 578, 832
  • Cornwall - (343): 288, 330, 356, 370, 475, 885, (613): 209, 330, 360, 361, 362, 363, 505, 551, 571, 577, 662, 703, 861, 870, 930, 931, 932, 933, 935, 936, 937, 938
  • Crysler (North Stormont) - (613): 987
  • Cumberland - (613): 467, 517, 573, 833, 892
  • Deep River - (613): 584
  • Delta - (613): 616, 928
  • Denbigh (Addington Highlands) - (613): 333
  • Deseronto - (343): 265, (613): 309, 396
  • Douglas (Admaston/Bromley) - (613): 649
  • East Hawkesbury (township): see St. Eugene
  • Edwardsburgh/Cardinal (township): see Cardinal, Spencerville
  • Eganville - (613): 628
  • Elgin (Rideau Lakes) - (613): 359
  • Embrun - (613): 370, 443, 557
  • Enterprise (Stone Mills) - (613): 358
  • Finch (North Stormont) - (613): 984
  • Foymount - (613): 754
  • Frankford (Quinte West) - (613): 398, 486
  • For the municipality of Frontenac Islands, see Wolfe Island, Kingston
  • Gananoque - (343): 479, (613): 381, 382, 463, 718, 815
  • Gilmour (Tudor and Cashel) - (613): 474
  • Glen Robertson (North Glengarry) - (613): 874
  • Gloucester (Ottawa) - (613): 425, 455, 502, 822
  • Golden Lake (North Algona Wilberforce) - (613): 625
  • For Greater Madawaska (township), see Calabogie
  • For the municipality "Greater Napanee", see Adolphustown, Napanee, Selby
  • Harrowsmith - (613): 372
  • Hawkesbury - (343): 500 (613): 306, 307, 632, 636
  • Ingleside (South Stormont) - (613): 522, 537
  • Inverary (South Frontenac) - (613): 353, 653
  • Iroquois (South Dundas) - (613): 652, 669
  • Jockvale (Ottawa) - (343): 212, (613): 440, 459, 512, 823, 825, 843
  • Kanata-Stittsville (Ottawa) - (343): 359 690, (613): 254, 270, 271, 280, 287, 383, 435, 457, 509, 519, 576, 591, 592, 595, 599, 609, 663, 801, 831, 836, 886, 895, 963, 974, 977
  • Kemptville (North Grenville) - (613): 215, 258, 713
  • Killaloe - (613): 757
  • Kingston - (343): 266, 290, 333, 344, 358, 363, 364, 477, 884, (613): 214, 217, 305, 328, 329, 331, 344, 384, 389, 417, 449, 453, 483, 484, 507, 514, 530, 531, 532, 533, 536, 539, 540, 541, 542, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 561, 572, 583, 634, 650, 766, 767, 770, 776, 777, 817, 840, 856, 876, 877, 887, 888, 893, 900, 929, 985
  • L'Orignal (Champlain Township) - (613): 675
  • Lanark Highlands (township), see Lanark, McDonalds Corners
  • Lanark - (613): 259
  • Lancaster (South Glengarry) - (613): 313, 347
  • Lansdowne (Leeds and the Thousand Islands) - (613): 659
  • Leeds and the Thousand Islands (township): see Lansdowne, Mallorytown, Seeleys Bay
  • Long Sault (South Stormont) - (613): 534, 550
  • Loyalist Township, see Bath and Odessa
  • Maberly (Tay Valley) - (613): 268
  • Madoc - (343)- 472, (613): 473, 666
  • Maitland - (613): 320, 348, 664
  • Mallorytown - (613): 923, 973
  • Manotick (Ottawa) - (613): 491, 692, 908
  • Marmora - (613): 472, 644
  • Martintown (South Glengarry) - (613): 528
  • Maxville (North Glengarry) - (613): 527
  • Maynooth (Hastings Highlands) - (613): 338
  • McDonalds Corners (Lanark Highlands) - (613): 278
  • Merrickville (Merrickville-Wolford) - (613): 269
  • Metcalfe (Ottawa) - (613): 574, 821
  • Mississippi Mills (township): see Pakenham
  • Moose Creek (North Stormont) - (613): 538
  • Morrisburg - (613): 543, 643
  • Napanee (Greater Napanee) - (343): 267, 478, (613): 308, 354, 409, 462
  • Navan (Ottawa) - (613): 429, 835
  • Newburgh (Stone Mills) - (613): 378
  • North Algona Wilberforce: see Golden Lake
  • North Augusta - (613): 665, 926
  • North Dundas (township): see Chesterville, South Mountain and Winchester
  • North Glengarry (township): see Alexandria, Glen Robertson, Maxville
  • North Gower (Ottawa) - (613): 489, 493
  • North Stormont (township): see Avonmore, Crysler, Finch, Moose Creek
  • Northbrook (Addington Highlands) - (343): 272, 336
  • Odessa (Loyalist Township) - (613): 386, 896
  • Orleans (Ottawa) - (343): 221, (613): 424, 458, 510, 590, 824, 830, 834, 837, 841, 845
  • Osgoode (Ottawa) - (613): 465, 469, 516, 826
  • In Ontario, the Ottawa-Hull exchange covers downtown Ottawa, Nepean to Vanier only. For the municipality of Ottawa, Ontario see Ottawa-Hull, Constance Bay, Gloucester, Jockvale, Kanata, Manotick, Metcalfe, Navan, North Gower, Orléans, Osgoode.
  • Ottawa-Hull city centre - (343): 200, 201, 203, 262, 291, 292, 360, 540, 541, 688, 689, 700, 777, 882, 883, 887, 888, 925, (613): 203, 204, 212, 216, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 244, 245, 247, 248, 249, 252, 255, 260, 261, 262, 263, 265, 266, 274, 276, 277, 282, 286, 288, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 301, 302, 304, 314, 315, 316, 317, 319, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 327, 350, 355, 356, 357, 364, 366, 368, 369, 371, 380, 400, 402, 404, 406, 407, 408, 410, 413, 415, 416, 421, 422, 437, 447, 454, 482, 500, 501, 513, 515, 518, 520, 521, 523, 526, 552, 558, 560, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 567, 569, 580, 581, 593, 594, 596, 597, 598, 600, 601, 604, 606, 607, 608, 612, 614, 615, 617, 618, 619, 620, 627, 656, 660, 667, 668, 670, 680, 683, 686, 688, 690, 691, 693, 694, 695, 696, 697, 698, 699, 700, 701, 702, 709, 710, 712, 715, 716, 719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 726, 727, 728, 729, 730, 731, 733, 734, 736, 737, 738, 739, 740, 741, 742, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 750, 751, 755, 759, 760, 761, 762, 763, 765, 768, 769, 773, 778, 780, 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, 786, 787, 788, 789, 790, 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 804, 805, 806, 807, 808, 809, 816, 818, 820, 828, 829, 842, 844, 850, 851, 852, 853, 854, 857, 858, 859, 860, 862, 863, 864, 866, 867, 868, 869, 875, 878, 880, 882, 883, 884, 889, 890, 891, 894, 897, 898, 899, 901, 903, 904, 907, 909, 910, 912, 913, 914, 915, 916, 917, 934, 940, 941, 943, 944, 945, 946, 947, 948, 949, 951, 952, 953, 954, 956, 957, 960, 971, 978, 979, 981, 983, 986, 990, 991, 992, 993, 994, 995, 996, 997, 998, 999, 934p, 939p, 953p, 956p, 994p, 997p
  • Pakenham (Mississippi Mills) - (613): 624
  • Palmer Rapids (Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan) - (613): 758
  • Parham (Central Frontenac) - (613): 375
  • Pembroke independent - (613): 638
  • Pembroke - (343): 369, (613): 281, 312, 401, 504, 559, 585, 602, 629, 631, 633, 635, 639, 717, 732, 735, 775
  • Perth - (343): 400, 402, (613): 200, 201, 264, 267, 300, 326, 390, 464, 466, 714, 772, 812
  • Petawawa - (613): 506, 588, 685, 687
  • Picton (Prince Edward County) - (343): 222, (613): 471, 476, 503, 645, 654, 846, 906
  • Plantagenet (Alfred and Plantagenet) - (613): 405, 673
  • Plevna (North Frontenac) - (343): 273, (613): 479
  • Portland (Rideau Lakes) - (613): 272, 972
  • Prescott - (613): 529, 918, 925, 975
  • For the municipality of Quinte West, see Frankford, Trenton and Wooler
  • Renfrew - (343): 361, (613): 431, 432, 433, 570
  • For the municipality of Prince Edward County, see Picton, Bloomfield, Wellington
  • Richmond - (343)-200, (613): 444, 838
  • Rideau Lakes (township): see Elgin, Portland
  • Rockland (Clarence-Rockland) - (343)-200, (613): 419, 446
  • Rolphton (Laurentian Hills) - (613): 586
  • Russell - (613): 445, 496
  • Seeleys Bay (Leeds and the Thousand Islands) - (613): 387
  • Selby (Greater Napanee) - (613): 388
  • Sharbot Lake - (613): 279
  • Smiths Falls - (343): 800, (613): 205, 206, 207, 283, 284, 285, 414, 418, 430, 485, 682, 706, 855, 980, 982, 988
  • South Dundas (township): see Iroquois, Morrisburg, Williamsburg
  • South Frontenac (township): see Harrowsmith, Inverary, Sydenham, Verona
  • South Glengarry (township): see Lancaster, Martintown
  • South Mountain (North Dundas) - (613): 989
  • South Stormont (township): see Ingleside, Long Sault
  • Spencerville (Edwardsburgh/Cardinal) - (613): 648, 658
  • Saint Regis (Akwesasane) - (613): 575
  • St. Eugene (East Hawkesbury) - (613): 674
  • St. Isidore - (613): 524
  • Stirling (Stirling-Rawdon) - (613): 395, 490
  • Stone Mills (township): see Enterprise, Newburgh, Yarker
  • Sydenham (South Frontenac) - (613): 376
  • Tamworth - (613): 379
  • Thurlow (Belleville) - (613): 477, 494
  • Toledo (Elizabethtown-Kitley) - (613): 275
  • Trenton (Quinte West) - (613): 208, 392, 394, 495, 651, 681, 955, 965
  • Tweed - (613): 478
  • Vankleek Hill - (343): 473 886, (613): 676, 677, 678, 684, 872
  • Verona (South Frontenac) - (613): 374
  • Wellington (Prince Edward County) - (613): 399
  • Westmeath (Whitewater Region) - (613): 587
  • Westport - (613): 273
  • Whitewater Region: see Beachburg, Westmeath
  • Whitney (South Algonquin) - (613): 637
  • Williamsburg (South Dundas) - (613): 535, 641
  • Winchester (North Dundas) - (613): 441, 774
  • Wolfe Island (Frontenac Islands) - (613): 385
  • Wollaston: see Coe Hill
  • Wooler (Quinte West) - (613): 397, 497
  • Yarker (Stone Mills) - (613): 377
  • shared-cost service - (613): 310

p=Protected against assignment in both 819 and 613 - Government of Canada offices

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Ontario area codes: 226, 249, 289, 343, 365, 416, 519, 613, 647, 705, 807, 905
North: 819/873
West: 289/905, 705/249 Area code 613/343 East: 450/579
South: 315, 518
Quebec area codes: 418, 438, 450, 514, 579, 581, 819
New York area codes: 212, 315, 347, 516, 518, 585, 607, 631, 646, 716, 718, 845, 914, 917, 929

Coordinates: 44°59′24″N 75°45′07″W / 44.990°N 75.752°W / 44.990; -75.752